The Global Mechanism (GM) offers strategic advisory services to developing countries on how to increase investments in sustainable land management (SLM).
Established by the UNCCD, the GM began its operations in October 1998. As per art 21 of the Convention, it aims to "increase the effectiveness and efficiency of existing financial mechanisms.” The GM also seeks to attract and channel investments from innovative financial sources such as climate change funds, private sector operations and micro-finance.
The GM works with country Parties to the UNCCD and a broad variety of international and regional partner institutions to enhance their understanding of new financing modalities, and make SLM a priority in the country’s domestic budget allocations. Because resources are increasingly limited and poverty reduction approaches tend to overlook SLM, agriculture, water and forest management, this focus is essential to spurring long-term economic growth and food security.
While encouraging dialogue and resource mobilization for SLM at the country level, the GM forges partnerships with entities across sectors from agriculture, environment and forestry to trade. Understanding and working within domestic budget processes increases access to international finance, thus effectively mobilizing both domestic and international resources to be packaged in programmatic approaches.
How we do it
The GM and its partners have developed the concept of “integrated financing strategies (IFS)” to achieve investment frameworks for SLM, drawing on internal, external and innovative financing sources, instruments and mechanisms.
Implementing the IFS should ultimately lead to an environment which enables an integrated investment framework for SLM – as called for by the UNCCD’s Ten-year Strategy – to allocate adequate and predictable resource flows from traditional and emerging sources based on the common understanding of the importance of SLM for development and poverty reduction.
The IFS builds on the country’s UNCCD National Action Programme (NAP) and other relevant domestic programmes, which delineate the measures to be taken to combat desertification/ land degradation. Anchored in the national institutional setting and relevant programme and budgetary cycles, the IFS also strives to overcome potential obstacles to resource identification, allocation and disbursement.
While the GM works on finance, it also partners with other organizations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the World Bank and bilateral agencies, to analyze the policy, legal, institutional and human resource environments that may hinder resource mobilization or programme execution.