Navigate Up
Sign In

The COPs and the process of Capacity Building in the UNCCD throughout the years

General Assembly’s high-level meeting 2011
From its adoption in 1994 the Convention recognized the importance of capacity building for its effective and efficient implementation. And as outlined below, this recognition has only grown stronger with every passing Conference of the Parties (COP). 
 
In accordance with Article 19 of the Convention, capacity building under the UNCCD includes: institution building, training, and development of relevant local and national capacities aimed at combatting desertification and mitigate the effects of drought. Its Regional Annexes I, II and III call for the issue of capacity building needs to be appropriately addressed so as to ensure the efficacious implementation of the Convention.
Decision 23 and 27 lay out the basis for networking and the development of partnerships with governments and other partners in the area of capacity building, to help foster effective implementation of the Convention.  
Decision 2 established a medium term strategy for the Secretariat that includes cooperation with other convention secretariats and international organizations in the field of capacity building. It also called for assistance for national coordinating bodies in the field of capacity building, requiring that measures be taken to reinforce women’s capacity.
Decision 8 (the Recife Initiative) called on the Secretariat to identify the critical elements necessary to enhance the implementation of the Convention before the fourth COP, and specifically reaffirmed the urgent need to address the issue of capacity building.
Decision 2 emphasized the need to encourage linkages and synergies with other Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEA) - in particular between the UNCCD, UNFCCC and CBD- that would benefit and help promote UNCCD capacity building initiatives.
Decision 8, outlined an expressed intention to concentrate on the development of capacity building in affected areas.
Decision 21 Parliamentarians recognized the role of, and called for support to, capacity building for achieving sustainable development. 
COP 5 established the CRIC (Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention) and adopted Decision 11, which calls for the development of benchmarks and indicators as part of the overall process of capacity development.
Decision 1 defined the further steps in the implementation of the Convention, recognizing that South-South and South-North cooperation need to place attention on capacity building. It also invited UNEP to consider supporting capacity building efforts in affected country Parties.
Decision 12 requested the Secretariat to promote activities to strengthen the capacity of Low Forest Cover Countries (LFCC) to combat Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD).
Decision 1 called for support to capacity building specifically for African country Parties, listing six concrete areas for the same.
Decision 6 called on the Global Environment Facility and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification   to closely collaborate and coordinate their effort in support of capacity building.
At COP 8 country Parties adopt the Ten-Year Strategy (Decision 3). Capacity building is the essence of Operational Objective 4 of this Strategy
Decision 4 called on the Secretariat to promote and strengthen relationships and synergies with other relevant conventions and organizations, in order to contribute to strengthening of the capacity of Low Forest Cover Countries (LFCC) to combat Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD).
Decision 13 of COP 9 called on the Secretariat and the Global Mechanism to support a comprehensive capacity building initiative, as regards the monitoring indicators and the communicating information, and to collect best practices in capacity building.
Decision 20 underlined the need for scientific capacity building and requested the secretariat, under the guidance of the Committee for Science and Technology, to develop the proposal for a UNCCD fellowship programme.”
The secretariat workplan for 2012-2015, adopted at COP10, prioritizes the promotion of opportunities for capacity building for the implementation of the UNCCD.
Decision 1, covering the workplan for the secretariat, contains a specific subprogramme exclusively addressing the issue of Capacity Building. And  the 2012-2013 joint work programme between the Secretariat and the Global Mechanism, also part of decision 1, called for alignment of the National Action Programmes with the Strategy, including the organization of subregional workshops on capacity building to facilitate action programme alignment.
Decision 22  requested the Secretariat to link the fellowship programme to its efforts on capacity building activities.
Decision 1, covering the Multi-year workplans of the Convention institutions and subsidiary bodies, includes Operational Objective 4 on capacity building. Usage of the Capacity Building Marketplace is listed as a main target for 2015. Decision 2, covering the alignment and implementation of action programmes, also stresses the importance of capacity building and encourages the provisioning of resources for this.
Various other decisions also include references to the need for capacity building, inter alia among civil society organizations and in the processes relating to national reporting.
Decision 25  established the fellowship programme, and requested the Secretariat to continue its efforts to link the fellowship programme to its efforts on capacity building activities.
 
 
 

The Convention, Paris, 1994

The Convention Section 3, Supporting measures

 
In accordance with Article 19 of the Convention, capacity building under  the UNCCD includes institution building; training, and development of relevant local and national capacities aimed at combatting desertification and mitigate the effects of drought. Its Regional Annexes I, II and III call for the issue of capacity building needs to be appropriately addressed so as to ensure the efficacious implementation of the Convention.

Article 19: Capacity building, education and public awareness

1. The Parties recognize the significance of capacity building -- that is to say, institution building, training and development of relevant local and national capacities -- in efforts to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought. They shall promote, as appropriate, capacity- building:
(a) through the full participation at all levels of local people, particularly at the local level, especially women and youth, with the cooperation of non-governmental and local organizations;
(b) by strengthening training and research capacity at the national level in the field of desertification and drought;
(c) by establishing and/or strengthening support and extension services to disseminate relevant technology methods and techniques more effectively, and by training field agents and members of rural organizations in participatory approaches for the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources;
(d) by fostering the use and dissemination of the knowledge, know-how and practices of local people in technical cooperation programmes, wherever possible;
(e) by adapting, where necessary, relevant environmentally sound technology and traditional methods of agriculture and pastoralism to modern socio-economic conditions;
(f) by providing appropriate training and technology in the use of alternative energy sources, particularly renewable energy resources, aimed particularly at reducing dependence on wood for fuel;
(g) through cooperation, as mutually agreed, to strengthen the capacity of affected developing country Parties to develop and implement programmes in the field of collection, analysis and exchange of information pursuant to article 16;
(h) through innovative ways of promoting alternative livelihoods, including training in new skills;
(i) by training of decision makers, managers, and personnel who are responsible for the collection and analysis of data for the dissemination and use of early warning information on drought conditions and for food production;
(j) through more effective operation of existing national institutions and legal frameworks and, where necessary, creation of new ones, along with strengthening of strategic planning and management; and
(k) by means of exchange visitor programmes to enhance capacity building in affected country Parties through a long-term, interactive process of learning and study.
2. Affected developing country Parties shall conduct, in cooperation with other Parties and competent intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, as appropriate, an interdisciplinary review of available capacity and facilities at the local and national levels, and the potential for strengthening them.
3. The Parties shall cooperate with each other and through competent intergovernmental organizations, as well as with non-governmental organizations, in undertaking and supporting public awareness and educational programmes in both affected and, where relevant, unaffected country Parties to promote understanding of the causes and effects of desertification and drought and of the importance of meeting the objective of this Convention. To that end, they shall:
(a) organize awareness campaigns for the general public;
(b) promote, on a permanent basis, access by the public to relevant information, and wide public participation in education and awareness activities;
(c) encourage the establishment of associations that contribute to public awareness;
(d) develop and exchange educational and public awareness material, where possible in local languages, exchange and second experts to train personnel of affected developing country Parties in carrying out relevant education and awareness programmes, and fully utilize relevant educational material available in competent international bodies;
(e) assess educational needs in affected areas, elaborate appropriate school curricula and expand, as needed, educational and adult literacy programmes and opportunities for all, in particular for girls and women, on the identification, conservation and sustainable use and management of the natural resources of affected areas; and
(f) develop interdisciplinary participatory programmes integrating desertification and drought awareness into educational systems and in non-formal, adult, distance and practical educational programmes.
4. The Conference of the Parties shall establish and/or strengthen networks of regional education and training centres to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought. These networks shall be coordinated by an institution created or designated for that purpose, in order to train scientific, technical and management personnel and to strengthen existing institutions responsible for education and training in affected country Parties, where appropriate, with a view to harmonizing programmes and to organizing exchanges of experience among them. These networks shall cooperate closely with relevant intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to avoid duplication of effort.
 
 

 

COP 1, Rome, 1997

ICCD/COP(1)/11/Add.1

 
Decision 23 and 27 lay out the basis for networking and the development of partnerships with governments and other partners in the area of capacity building, to help foster effective implementation of the Convention.   

Decision 23/COP.1 Survey and evaluation of existing networks, institutions, agencies and bodies

TERMS OF REFERENCE AND PROPOSED ORGANIZATION OF WORK TO BE UNDERTAKEN ON NETWORKING OF INSTITUTIONS, AGENCIES AND BODIES
2. Tasks expected to be completed by the contractor
(a) Identify the principal existing networks relevant to the effort to combat desertification and their role in areas such as information collection and exchange, research, technology transfer, benchmarks and indicators, capacity-building, policy formulation and local-level activities;
(b) Describe the actual components (including structure, mode of operation and willingness and capacity to contribute to the work of the Convention) as well as categories of users, and map their geographical distribution;
(c) Enumerate the information needs of actual and potential users and the extent to which such needs are being met in relation to the provision of articles 16 to 19 of the Convention;
(d) Identify and describe the linkages among the principal networks, including gaps and possible overlaps;
(e) Elaborate the purposes, methods and benefits of strengthening networks at various levels;
(f) Develop criteria by which institutions, agencies and networks will be evaluated in terms of their capacity and effectiveness in contributing to the implementation of the Convention;

Decision 27/COP.1 Inclusion of activities of non-governmental organizations within the official programme of work of future sessions of the Conference of the Parties

Recalling that this principle is carried forward in the action focused sections of the Convention dealing with participation in planning and decisionmaking, funding, information and technology and capacity building, education and public awareness,
Recognizing also that NGOs will have a major role in informing people at the community level and mobilizing community action. Therefore capacity building, education and public awareness are other areas in which partnership arrangements between governments and NGOs are essential,

 

COP 3, Recife, 1999

ICCD/COP(3)/20/Add.1

 
Decision 2 established a medium term strategy for the Secretariat that includes cooperation with other convention secretariats and international organizations in the field of capacity building. It also called for assistance for national coordinating bodies in the field of capacity building, requiring that measures be taken to reinforce women’s capacity.
Decision 8 (the Recife Initiative) called on the Secretariat to identify the critical elements necessary to enhance the implementation of the Convention before the fourth COP, and specifically reaffirmed the urgent need to address the issue of capacity building.

Decision 2/COP.3 Medium-term strategy of the secretariat

Annex MEDIUM-TERM STRATEGY OF THE SECRETARIAT
Strategic focus for the secretariat in the context of the implementation of the Convention and programme proposals
III. MAIN AREAS IN THE PROPOSED SECRETARIAT PROGRAMME OF ACTIVITIES
C. Cooperation with the secretariats of other sustainable development conventions 
18. As stipulated in the relevant provisions of the Convention and decisions of the COP, the secretariat will continue the collaboration initiated with other convention secretariats and international organizations such as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Arrangements have already been made with the secretariats of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Ramsar Convention. Similar arrangements are being finalized with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), UNESCO, UNEP and the GEF. The rationale to promote cooperation with these bodies includes the fact that they present a convergence of objectives for achieving sustainable development. In the context of the UNCCD, this cooperation would contribute to a more effective implementation of the action programmes at various levels. Efforts will be made to develop in particular the following: capacity-building, exchange of information, networking, research and development, and the transfer, adaptation and development of technology. 
D. Facilitating UNCCD implementation processes, including supporting participatory development (a) Contributions to promoting consistency between national action programmes and the approaches recommended in the Convention 
26. In partnership with other institutions, the secretariat would have the task of promoting consistency between the national action programmes to be drawn up by the Parties. The role of the secretariat here is mainly to assist, on request, the organization of seminars and workshops; stimulate efforts to tackle issues arising in terms of the legislative and regulatory frameworks; promote participatory pilot projects for local development; and assist national coordinating bodies to fulfil their obligations under the Convention. This support could take the form of assistance in preparing national reports, capacity-building, and formulating specific projects related to the national action programme processes. 
F. Other issues 
24. Requests the Parties to take measures to ensure that women’s capacity, particularly at grass-roots level, is reinforced through the national action programmes, including: awareness raising, education, training, income-generating activities and access to credit; and to encourage the participation of women in decision-making processes for the implementation of the Convention; 

Decision 8/COP.3 Recife Initiative: towards enhancing the implementation of the Convention

Reaffirming the urgent need to mobilize substantial financial resources and to promote transfer of technology, know-how and capacity-building for combating desertification and drought processes,

 

COP 4, Bonn, 2000

ICCD/COP(4)/11/Add.1

 
Decision 2 emphasized the need to encourage linkages and synergies with other Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEA) - in particular between the UNCCD, UNFCCC and CBD- that would benefit and help promote UNCCD capacity building initiatives.
Decision 8, outlined an expressed intention to concentrate on the development of capacity building in affected areas.
Decision 21 Parliamentarians recognized the role of, and called for support to, capacity building for achieving sustainable development. 

Decision 2/COP.4  Interim report of the Ad Hoc Working Group for the in depth review and analysis of reports submitted at the third and fourth sessions of the Conference of the Parties

2. Presentation of affected country Parties
Given the number of presentations, participants greatly appreciated the use of visual support instruments. National reports usually covered such matters as institutional development, legislative, policy and enabling frameworks, national coordination, participatory mechanisms and partnership networking, awareness raising and capacity building, funding issues and, many times, benchmarks and indicators. In doing so they also covered questions pertaining to inter ministerial cooperation, the field level consultative process and the mobilization of the civil society. They called for a better integration of longer term environmental measures into economic policies, instruments and practices.
4. Linkages and synergies with other conventions on the environment and Development
 Linkages and synergies with other Multilateral Environment Agreements and/or strategic frameworks on environment and development were encouraged. Synergistic programmes should benefit, at field level, from efforts under the UNCCD to promote capacity building initiatives such as participatory farming systems and farmer friendly networking structures that take into account biodiversity protection, carbon sequestration and other topics of interest in the combat of desertification. Some studies are under way, at national level, to assess implications of and potential for synergistic measures between the UNCCD, UNFCC and CBD. It was observed that the upcoming initiatives under the International Forest Forum should also be integrated. Support through the Joint Programme CBD/UNCCD could assist affected countries in their assessment efforts

Decision 8/COP.4 Declaration on the commitments to enhance the implementation of the obligations of the Convention

 DECLARE ALSO our intention to concentrate our efforts on areas identified at the national level, including: the promotion of traditional knowledge; the promotion of appropriate environmental education; and the enhancement of cooperation with institutions and organizations dealing with development policies and programmes to eradicate illiteracy and the development of capacity-building in affected areas;

Decision 21/COP.4 Report on the third Round Table of Parliamentarians

Annex Declaration by Members of Parliament
V. In highlighting the fundamental role that technical assistance, enhanced environmental monitoring and capacity building play in the challenge to achieve sustainable development, we members of parliament, urge donor agencies and countries to consider strengthening their support for the following measures, building upon self-help efforts to be made by developing countries:
10. Capacity building such as training sessions and despatch of experts to enhance the scientific and technical capacity, taking into consideration the special role of women, for combating desertification;   

 

COP 5, Geneva, 2001

ICCD/COP(5)/11/Add.1

 
COP 5 established the CRIC (Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention) and adopted Decision 11, which calls for the development of benchmarks and indicators as part of the overall process of capacity development.

Decision 3/COP.5 Report of the Ad Hoc Working Group for the in-depth review and analysis of reports submitted at the third and fourth sessions of the Conference of the Parties

4. A global assessment and regular update of the status of desertification worldwide remains a necessity. Recent relevant multilateral initiatives must be more closely related to UNCCD. For instance, managers of the MEA, the Dry Lands Degradation Assessment (LADA) and of the Integrated Land and Water Management Initiative for Africa should more actively seek cooperation with and involvement of the UNCCD national focal points in relevant countries. Likewise, managers of the Capacity Development Initiative should be invited to consider including support to the UNCCD regional thematic networks in their programme.
16. Added resources deriving from climate adaptation funding sources should thus permit such programmes under the UNCCD NAPs by initiating capacity-building measures, in order to equip local communities to deliver obligations under UNCCD, CBD and UNFCCC. Such training would include guidelines on planning an integrated set of measures that restore degraded environments, protect the biodiversity and maintain carbon sinks while responding to the socio-economic needs of the local population. Lessons learned during the UNCCD process must be made available at local level.
33. Environment management initiatives must be reinforced through added capacitybuilding measures, notably at the local level. More specifically, capacity training for focal points is needed for a systematic training in the development and application of indicators related to desertification, as well as in the use of Geographical Information System and Environmental Information System.

Decision 8/COP.5 World Summit on Sustainable Development

Discussion: Overarching Challenges that emerged In this regard, several participants raised the need for adequate financial assistance to be provided to affected developing countries to enable them to carry out the necessary work. Furthermore, support for capacity-building and the transfer of technology, both North-South and South-South, was a major requirement.
 […..]
Also crucial to the discussion on behavioural change was the emphasis placed by various speakers on improving education and training. A broad spectrum of these kinds of needs was described, ranging from environmental education at primary school level, through capacity-building at the grassroots level, extension and vocational training in land and water use and enhanced scientific research capacity and application, to training for national decision-makers, training in economic valuation (in terms of economic assessment of desertification impacts), training of experts in dispute settlement, and even training for negotiators. Avenues towards further progress Environmental education is fundamental; this is in addition to broader needs relating to education, training, and capacity-building which require further support.

Decision 11/COP.5 Benchmarks and indicators

4. Invites the Parties to contribute technically and financially to the initiatives undertaken by developing country Parties to develop and test appropriate benchmarks and indicators, including activities for training and capacity development.

 

COP 6, Havana, 2003

ICCD/COP(6)/11/Add.1

 
Decision 1 defined the further steps in the implementation of the Convention, recognizing that South-South and South-North cooperation need to place attention on capacity building. It also invited UNEP to consider supporting capacity building efforts in affected country Parties.
 
Decision 12 requested the Secretariat to promote activities to strengthen the capacity of Low Forest Cover Countries (LFCC) to combat Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD).
 

Decision 1/COP.6 Further steps in the implementation of the Convention

6. Recognizes that South-South and North-South cooperation needs more consistent support in the form of capacity building and financial allocation; Capacity building, including in the area of participatory processes, legislative and institutional frameworks and promotion of synergies
17. Invites affected developing country Parties and other Parties covered by Regional Implementation Annexes of the Convention, with the support of developed country Parties, and concerned institutions, to promote gender-sensitive capacity-building measures for stakeholders to carry out specific participatory and synergistic programmes as part of their NAPs to combat land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought, protect biodiversity, facilitate the regeneration of degraded forests, while promoting sustainable livelihoods at local level;
18. Encourages Parties to mainstream NAPs into national development plans and institutional frameworks through national consultative processes, as appropriate;
19. Urges Parties to promote appropriate and transparent resource tenure systems and the protection of natural resources while establishing or reviewing effective means to combat land degradation, desertification and drought;
20. Invites affected developing country Parties and other Parties covered by Regional Implementation Annexes of the Convention, with the support of developed country Parties and concerned institutions, to promote capacity-building measures and participatory processes in the field of natural resources management;
21. Invites the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to reflect in the Intergovernmental Strategic Plan for Technology Support and Capacity Building, the capacitybuilding needs identified by affected developing countries and other Parties covered by Regional Implementation Annexes of the Convention in the implementation of the UNCCD;
22. Urges relevant institutions to make available to the national focal points further support in the form of information and training programmes, including training for negotiation, multi-sectoral programme planning and awareness of financial and technical resource mobilization opportunities within the programming cycle of bilateral and multilateral development partners;
23. Encourages the triangular arrangements with partners from the North, United Nations and other intergovernmental organizations as well as non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the initiatives for promoting training programmes and capacity building;

Decision 2/COP.6 Consideration of the outcome of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) relevant to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification

5. Resolves, in line with the outcome of the WSSD and with the objectives and obligations as outlined in the general provisions of the UNCCD, to strengthen implementation of the Convention.
This would include action at all levels to:
- Mobilize adequate and predictable financial resources, transfer technologies and build capacity at all levels, including through the GEF as a financial mechanism of the Convention, with particular emphasis on supporting sustainable development in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas;
- Formulate national action programmes as priority tools to ensure timely and effective implementation of the Convention and its related projects, with the support of the international community, including through decentralized projects at the local level;

Decision 12/COP.6 Review of activities for the promotion and strengthening of relationships with other relevant conventions and relevant international organizations, institutions and agencies

5. Requests the Executive Secretary in collaboration with the Coordinator and Head of the secretariat of the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) and with the secretariats of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the CBD to promote activities with Low Forest Cover Countries (LFCCs), for a joint approach on forests and, inter alia, to cooperate with the Teheran process and its secretariat in order to strengthen the capacity of LFCCs to combat desertification, land degradation and deforestation; and, to this end, invites the GEF, and calls upon the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention (CRIC), the Committee on Science and Technology (CST) and the Global Mechanism (GM) to give, in accordance with their respective mandates, due consideration to the special needs and requirements of LFCCs;

Decision 17/COP.6 Benchmarks and indicators

3. Invites the Parties, international organizations, and interested public and private entities to contribute scientifically, technically and financially to the initiatives undertaken by developing country Parties to develop, test and use appropriate benchmarks and indicators, including activities for capacity building such as training;
 
 

 

COP 7, Nairobi 2005

ICCD/COP(7)/16/Add.1

 
Decision 1 called for support to capacity building specifically for African country Parties, listing six concrete areas for the same.
Decision 6 called on the Global Environment Facility and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification   to closely collaborate and coordinate their effort in support of capacity building.
 

Decision 1/COP.7 Strengthening the implementation of the Convention in Africa

7. Urges Parties and international organizations, with a view to developing an enabling environment, to increase cross-sectoral coordination and partnership development for pro-poor investments in the drylands, and to support capacity-building in a predictable and sustainable manner in all areas relevant to the implementation of the NAPs by African country Parties, including:
(a) Policy, programme and project planning and development, as well as negotiations skills;
(b) Adaptive natural resource management;
(c) Socio-economic analysis and development;
(d) Research, monitoring and information management;
(e) Analysis, documentation and dissemination of best practices; and
(f) Enterprise development and community/private partnerships;

Decision 6/COP.7 Collaboration with the Global Environment Facility

6. Also welcomes the “Least-Developed Countries – Small Island Developing StatesTargeted Umbrella Project for Capacity Development and Mainstreaming of Sustainable Land Management” implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the medium-sized project of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) on Global Support to Facilitate the Early Development and Implementation of Land Degradation Programmes and Projects;
9. Invites the GEF to make financial resources available for capacity-building activities in affected country Parties implementing the Convention and to facilitate coordination between the GEF and UNCCD focal points at country level to enable the GEF to better respond to the needs of the UNCCD process;
11. Welcomes the GEF Council  decision taken at its May 2003 meeting, by which it recognized that in the framework of capacity-building projects to be funded under Operational Programme 15 (OP 15), the elaboration of national, subregional and regional action programmes and national reports are considered as components, and invites the GEF to implement that decision when assisting developing country Parties;

Decision 8/COP.7 Improving the procedures for communication of information, as well as the quality and format of reports to be submitted to the Conference of the Parties

8. Invites developed country Parties and international organizations to develop and/or support capacity-building activities at national level in addressing agricultural, environmental and natural resource management in order to enhance the Parties’ capacity to monitor the processes under the Convention, bridge the information and research gaps, collect relevant statistics data and submit national reports in time, and promote partnerships conducive to participatory assessment processes at all levels;

Decision 12/COP.7 Activities for the promotion and strengthening of relationships with other relevant conventions and relevant international organizations, institutions and agencies

Reaffirming decision 12/COP.6, which called on the secretariat to contribute with other partners to strengthening the capacity of low forest cover countries (LFCCs) to combat desertification, land degradation and deforestation,
6. Invites further efforts in capacity-building and in developing operational synergies through national synergy workshops and GEF training workshops;

 

COP 8, Madrid, 2007

ICCD/COP(8)/16/Add.1

 
At COP 8 country Parties adopt the Ten-Year Strategy (Decision 3). Capacity building is the essence of Operational Objective 4 of this Strategy
Decision 4 called on the Secretariat to promote and strengthen relationships and synergies with other relevant conventions and organizations, in order to contribute to strengthening of the capacity of Low Forest Cover Countries (LFCC) to combat Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD).
 

Decision 1/COP.8 Strengthening the implementation of the Convention in all regions

4. Further urges developed country Parties, and invites international organizations, to support capacity-building in a sustainable manner in all areas relevant to the implementation of the NAPs;

Decision 2/COP.8 Follow-up to the outcome of the World Summit on Sustainable Development relevant to the Convention and preparation for the sixteenth and seventeenth sessions of the Commission on Sustainable Development

2. Also requests the Executive Secretary, in this context, on the basis of the 10-year strategic plan and framework to enhance the implementation of the Convention (2008 –2018), to submit for the consideration of the CSD, inter alia, the following matters: (b) Strengthening of those policies and measures, including capacity-building at local level, which contribute to sustainable land management;

Decision 3/COP.8 The 10-year strategic plan and framework to enhance the implementation of the Convention (2008–2018)

Operational objective 4: Capacity-building To identify and address capacity-building needs to prevent and reverse desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought. Outcome 4.1: Countries which have carried out the national capacity self assessment (NCSA) implement the resulting action plans to develop the necessary capacity at the individual, institutional and systemic levels6 to tackle desertification/land degradation and drought issues at the national and local levels.
Outcome 4.2: Those countries which have not previously undertaken capacity needs assessments engage in relevant assessments processes to identify capacity needs for tackling desertification/land degradation and drought at the national and local levels.

Decision 4/COP.8 Activities for the promotion and strengthening of relationships and synergies with other relevant conventions and relevant international organizations, institutions and agencies

Recalling decisions 7/COP.5 and 12/COP.6, which called on the secretariat of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) to contribute with other partners to strengthening the capacity of low forest cover countries (LFCCs) to combat desertification, land degradation and deforestation,
Further recalling decision 12/COP.7 and reiterating its call for capacity-building and the development of operational synergies at the national level,

Decision 5/COP.8 Mobilization of resources for the implementation of the Convention

Noting that multi-country and multi-focus partnership frameworks, notably in Africa, Central Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean, have successfully tested approaches for expanding sources of finance, enhancing donor coordination, and harmonizing priorities, knowledge transfer and capacity-building,

Decision 6/COP.8 Collaboration with the Global Environment Facility

6. Invites the GEF to continue implementing the GEF Council decision taken at its May 2003 meeting, by which it recognized that when assisting affected country Parties under the next reporting cycle, the formulation of national, subregional or regional action programmes or national reports is considered to be a component in the framework of capacity-building projects, and thus eligible for funding,;
 
 

 

COP 9, Buenos Aires 2009

ICCD/COP(9)/18/Add.1

 
Decision 13 of COP 9 called on the Secretariat and the Global Mechanism to support a comprehensive capacity building initiative, as regards the monitoring indicators and the communicating information, and to collect best practices in capacity building.
Decision 20 underlined the need for scientific capacity building and requested the secretariat, under the guidance of the Committee for Science and Technology, to develop the proposal for a UNCCD fellowship programme.”
 

Decision 1/COP.9 Implementation of the 10-year strategic plan and framework to enhance the implementation of the Convention (2008–2018)

Annexes contain the workplans for CST, CRIC and the Secretariat. Workplan for CST was negotiated during the CST 9 session. 
The multi-year workplan for the Committee on Science and Technology for 2010–2013
3.1.3 Parties implement measures to address capacity-building needs relating to the use of the agreed subset of impact indicators and the establishment of their targets and baselines.
The multi-year workplan for the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention, for 2010–2013
Operational objective 4: capacity-building
Operational objective 4 on capacity-building: Parties assess progress made in meeting this operational objective and decide on the next steps to be taken.
COP decision that identifies the next steps in the field of operational objective 4 and the related work of the institutions and subsidiary bodies of the Convention and proposes elements for the review, taking into consideration the section of the mid-term review which deals with the operational objective
The multi-year workplan for the secretariat for 2010–2013
Subprogramme 4 – Capacity-building
To identify and address capacity-building needs to prevent and reverse desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought.
4.0 The secretariat effectively supports the review of the CRIC on the operational objective concerning capacity-building in the context of The Strategy.
4.1 Countries which have carried out the national capacity self-assessment (NCSA) implement the resulting action plans to develop the necessary capacity at the individual, institutional and systemic levels to tackle DLDD issues at the national and local levels.
4.2 Those countries which have not previously undertaken capacity needs assessments engage in relevant assessment processes to identify capacity needs for tackling DLDD at the national and local levels.
4.1 Opportunities for targeted capacity-building under the UNCCD are improved

Decision 3/COP.9 Mechanisms to facilitate regional coordination of the implementation of the Convention

4. Further requests the Executive Secretary and the Managing Director of the GM to actively collaborate on the joint work programme, in order to enhance their cooperation and provide effective support to affected country Parties, in a way that is consistent with their respective mandates as identified in the Convention, and to facilitate regional coordination and contribute to cooperation in the regions, including, inter alia, capacity-building, transfer of technology and other needs;

Decision 10/COP.9 Collaboration with the Global Environment Facility

10. Welcomes the joint initiative of the United Nations Environment Programme, the Global Environment Facility and the Convention secretariat as contained in document ICCD/CRIC(8)/INF.3 to engage in a long-term capacity-building initiative relating to monitoring the implementation of The Strategy and the Convention, which will enhance national reporting under the Convention;

Decision 13/COP.9 Improving the procedures for communication of information as well as the quality and format of reports to be submitted to the Conference of the Parties

5. Requests the secretariat together with the GM and invites the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to prepare reporting tools for the fourth reporting cycle in 2010, and to facilitate and provide capacity- building on monitoring to affected country Parties, as required;
2. While engaging in the monitoring and communication of information on the implementation of the Convention, Parties, are encouraged to make full use of the expertise of competent intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations as well as existing capacity-building initiatives in the preparation of reports and the dissemination of relevant information.
23. Pursuant to current procedures, the secretariat shall facilitate, as part of its joint work programme with the GM and in cooperation with international and multilateral organizations, a comprehensive capacity-building initiative to assist affected developing country Parties and other eligible affected country Parties with monitoring indicators and communicating information. The secretariat shall also, seek assistance from donors and competent intergovernmental organizations.
UNCCD best practices should be collected according to the following thematic topics:
(a) Sustainable Land Management (SLM) technologies, including adaptation;
(b) Capacity-building and awareness-raising;
(c) Desertification, land degradation and drought, and SLM monitoring and assessment/research;
(d) Knowledge management and decision support;
(e) The policy, legislative and institutional framework;
(f) Funding and resource mobilization;
(g) Participation, collaboration and networking.

Decision 20/COP.9 The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification fellowship programme

Bearing in mind the need for scientific capacity-building in the implementation of the 10-year strategic plan and framework to enhance the implementation of the Convention (2008–2018) at national level and the potential benefits of a UNCCD fellowship programme for developing country Parties and for scientific networking in the regions,

 

COP 10, Changwong 2011

ICCD/COP(10)/31/Add.1

 
The secretariat workplan for 2012-2015, adopted at COP10, prioritizes the promotion of opportunities for capacity building for the implementation of the UNCCD.
Decision 1, covering the workplan for the secretariat, contains a specific subprogramme exclusively addressing the issue of Capacity Building. And  the 2012-2013 joint work programme between the Secretariat and the Global Mechanism, also part of decision 1, called for alignment of the National Action Programmes with the Strategy, including the organization of subregional workshops on capacity building to facilitate action programme alignment.
Decision 22  requested the Secretariat to link the fellowship programme to its efforts on capacity building activities.

Decision 1/COP.10 Multi-year workplans of the Convention institutions and subsidiary bodies

 
Multi-year workplan for the secretariat (2012–2015)
Subprogramme 4 – Capacity-building
To identify and address capacity-building needs to prevent and reverse desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought.
 
4.1 Countries which have carried out the national capacity self-assessment (NCSA) implement the resulting action plans to develop the necessary capacity at the individual, institutional and systemic levels to tackle DLDD issues at the national and local levels
4.2 Those countries which have not previously undertaken capacity needs assessments engage in relevant assessment processes to identify capacity needs for tackling DLDD at the national and local levels
 
Expected accomplishments (2012–2015)      Performance indicators (2012–2015)
4.1.1 Opportunities for targeted capacity-building under the Convention are improved
 
The extent to which Parties participate in capacity-building that addresses Convention-related needs
 
The 2012–2013 joint work programme between the secretariat and the Global Mechanism
JWP 2.2. Increased effectiveness of servicing countries in NAP alignment and mainstreaming
Support for the alignment of NAPs with The Strategy, including
- information products,
- technical assistance, and
- organization of subregional workshops on capacity-building for NAP, SRAP and RAP alignment
 

Decision 2/COP.10 Strengthening and enhancing the process of alignment of action programmes with The Strategy

4. Acknowledges the efforts made by the Convention institutions in support of the alignment process and requests them to continue providing affected country Parties with the
support they require to build institutional and technical capacity for the effective alignment and implementation of the action programmes within available resources;

Decision 3/COP.10 Improving mechanisms to facilitate regional coordination of the implementation of the Convention

2. Emphasizes that training and capacity development among journalists and environmental correspondents are imperative for developing a core group of actors whose primary focus is on desertification/land degradation and drought;

Decision 9/COP.10 Promotion and strengthening of relationships with other relevant conventions and international organizations, institutions and agencies

Promotion and strengthening of relationships with other relevant conventions and international organizations, institutions and agencies
8. Invites Parties, financial institutions and the Global Environment Facility to provide technical and financial support for joint capacity-building initiatives aimed at achieving increased synergies in reporting at the national level;

Decision 13/COP.10 Assessment of the implementation of the Convention against performance indicators

Appreciating the financial support received from the Global Environment Facility, the European Union, Spain and Germany to fund the global programme and to facilitate capacity-building for reporting in the period 2010–2011,
Operational objective 4: capacity-building
12. Requests the secretariat and the Global Mechanism to make an effort to improve geographical balance with respect to support rendered for capacity-building as a matter of priority;
13. Further requests the Global Mechanism, within available resources, to provide adequate support to affected countries in assessing their financial needs for capacity-building and in incorporating them into integrated investment frameworks;
13. Also requests the secretariat to take into consideration, depending on the availability of funds, the capacity-building needs of civil society organizations in future initiatives in order to allow civil society to comply with the reporting requirements and to participate fully in the reporting and review process;

Decision 22/COP.10 The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification fellowship programme

Bearing in mind the need for scientific capacity-building in the implementation of the 10-year strategic plan and framework to enhance the implementation of the Convention (2008–2018) (The Strategy),
4. Requests the secretariat to link this approach to its efforts on capacity-building activities in the context of the implementation of operational objective 4 of The Strategy, ensuring regional balance and an appropriate curriculum;
 
 

COP 11, Windhoek 2013

ICCD/COP(11)/23/Add.1

 
The secretariat workplan for 2012-2015, adopted at COP10, prioritizes the promotion of opportunities for capacity building for the implementation of the UNCCD.
Decision 1, covering the workplan for the secretariat, contains a specific subprogramme exclusively addressing the issue of Capacity Building. And the 2012-2013 joint work programme between the Secretariat and the Global Mechanism, also part of decision 1, called for alignment of the National Action Programmes with the Strategy, including the organization of subregional workshops on capacity building to facilitate action programme alignment.
Decision 22 requested the Secretariat to link the fellowship programme to its efforts on capacity building activities.

Decision 1/COP.11 Multi-year workplans of the Convention institutions and subsidiary bodies

3. The Conference of the Parties requests the Global Mechanism, subject to the availability of resources and as requested by Parties, to increase its capacity-building support to affected country Parties to assist them in better identifying and accessing internal, external and innovative sources of funding, building on the recommendations of its recent results and impact assessment process.
Operational objective 4 – Capacity Building
Expected accomplishments 2014-2017: opportunities for targeted capacity-building under the Convention are improved.
Performance indicators 2014-2017: The extent to which the Capacity-Building Marketplace is used.
Targets for 2015:
- Increase from 2013 in the capacity-building activities received by the affected Parties, including those offered through the Marketplace
- Increase from 2013 in visits to the Marketplace
Operational objective 5 – Financing and technology transfer
Targets for 2015:
Thirty-five knowledge and advocacy products developed and outreach/capacity-building initiatives supported by the GM on innovative and private sector finance.

Decision 2/COP.11 Strengthening and enhancing the process of alignment and implementation of action programmes with The Strategy

Facilitating the alignment of action programmes
8. The Conference of the Parties requests the secretariat, subject to the availability of resources and in cooperation with Parties, Regional Coordination Mechanisms, relevant organizations and other stakeholders, to continue providing: support for the alignment of action programmes, including through capacity-building on national action programme alignment in each region or subregion, and to evaluate the effectiveness of these activities for 2014–2015; technical support; awareness-raising; and high-level political advocacy, which are key to an effective alignment process.
Support to the alignment and implementation of action programmes
16. the COP Encourages development partners and financial institutions to provide resources for capacity-building for national focal points on advocacy for the national action programmes to be fully integrated into the national development planning process, in partnership with affected developing country Parties, in order to facilitate national action programme implementation.
Alignment of action programmes to combat desertification
3. The COP invites affected country Parties to use available national monitoring systems and incorporate, as appropriate, sustainable land management monitoring into them, with the aim of helping to build capacity and providing inputs and technical support for decision-making.

Decision 3/COP.11 Improving mechanisms to facilitate regional coordination of the implementation of the Convention

10. The COP encourages the Regional Committees, where they exist, to play a more active and meaningful role in supporting and strengthening the Regional Coordination Mechanisms in their respective regions, including improving cooperation and collaboration with their respective Regional Coordination Units, with the aim of, inter alia: (e) strengthening and building capacity by encouraging the transfer of technology, the sharing of expertise and knowledge, and the general exchange of information by supporting the creation of subregional and regional knowledge management and sharing systems as part of the Scientific Knowledge Brokering Portal; and (h) supporting individual country Parties in their regions in these Parties’ efforts to build partnerships and capacity, and to mobilize financial, human and technical resources necessary for the effective implementation of the Convention and The Strategy;
13. The COP requests the Regional Committees and the secretariat to encourage and facilitate North–South and South–South cooperation platforms, especially with affected regions, with a view to exchanging lessons learned, best practices and knowledge management practices to enhance technology transfer and capacity-building for the implementation of the Convention and The Strategy.

Decision 4/COP.11 Review of progress in the implementation of the comprehensive communication strategy

10. The COP invites Parties to support and strengthen training and capacity development among journalists and environmental correspondents, including strengthening collaboration between journalists and national focal points.

Decision 9/COP.11 Ways of promoting and strengthening relationships with other relevant conventions and international organizations, institutions and agencies

8. The COP invites the World Meteorological Organization , the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the UN-Water Decade Programme on Capacity Development to continue collaborating with the UNCCD in undertaking capacity building initiatives towards assisting countries to develop and implement comprehensive national drought management policies in accordance with the principles and provisions of the UNCCD, and in line with the advocacy policy framework on drought, including water scarcity.

Decision 11/COP.11

Collaboration with the Global Environment Facility
4. The Conference of the Parties also invites the Global Environment Facility, during its sixth replenishment period, to support national-level capacity development for affected country Parties, as appropriate, to take coordinated action at the national, regional and international level to monitor globally land degradation and restore degraded lands in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, if requested and among other activities.
5. The COP also encourages eligible country Parties to make use of the Global Environment Facility programme on capacity development to support the capacity needs in relation to the Rio conventions and (9) invites the Global Environment Facility to continue its efforts to inform and build the capacity of eligible country Parties.

Decision 13/COP.11 Assessment of the implementation of the Convention against the operational objectives of The Strategy

Assessment of the implementation of the Convention against the operational objectives of The Strategy
The COP, stressing the need for capacity-building among civil society organizations to be able to mobilize resources and access funds, and further engage in the reporting process, acknowledging the linkage between building national capacities and obtaining future financial resources following national action programme alignment as well as the importance of increasing focus and research into resource needs for capacity-building, promote integration of desertification, land degradation and drought within the school curriculum on environment and natural resources, and to facilitate, where relevant, capacity-building for teachers to implement the curriculum; support capacity-building for communities in order to mainstream environmental and land degradation issues into local activities and plans; and encourages affected country Parties to strengthen national support for desertification, land degradation and drought monitoring and evaluation systems by investing in capacity-building and bridging the gap between monitoring needs at local and national levels in order to increase their sustainability.
Operational objective 4: capacity-building
The Conference of the Parties,
11. Encourages affected country Parties to further mainstream desertification, land degradation and drought issues in national capacity-building initiatives carried out by science, technology and research institutions;
12. Also encourages Parties to support the involvement of civil society organizations in the national reporting process and to assist them in developing the relevant capacities when required, particularly with regard to resource mobilization and access to funding;
13. Invites developed country Parties and technical and financial international organizations, including the Global Environment Facility, to provide further support to those affected country Parties with desertification, land degradation and drought-related capacity-building initiatives in order to effectively implement the Convention;
14. Requests the Global Mechanism to assist affected country Parties in assessing their financial needs for capacity-building, including through the integrated financial strategy exercise, integrating them into an investment framework and sourcing the required financial resources;
15. Decides to include a review and assessment of progress made in response to this decision in the programme of work of the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention at its thirteenth and fourteenth sessions.

Decision 14/COP.11 Assessment of financial flows for the implementation of the Convention

15. The Conference of the Parties requests the Global Mechanism to provide support to affected countries in assessing their financial needs for capacity building and integrating them into an integrated investment frameworks, and requests the Committee for the Review of Implementation of the Convention to increase focus on these need assessments

Decision 16/COP.11 The iterative process relating to the assessment of implementation, including performance and progress indicators, methodology and reporting procedures

19. The COP, recognizing that national reporting under the UNCCD and, in particular, indicator-based reporting, is a long-term effort and needs capacity-building, technical and financial support, requests the secretariat, subject to the availability of resources and in cooperation with Parties, regional coordination mechanisms, relevant organizations and other stakeholders, to undertake capacity-building activities on the alignment of national action programmes, performance and progress reporting in each region or subregion, including, inter alia, regional workshops, online consultations and distance learning, and to report on these activities during the 2014–2015 reporting cycle;
21. Invites development partners and financial institutions, particularly the Global Environment Facility, to complement the enabling activities funding with targeted capacity building in order to ensure a satisfactory level of reporting under the Convention;

Decision 17/COP.11 Consideration of best practices in the implementation of the Convention

Cooperation between the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention and the Committee on Science and Technology
19. The COP requests the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention and, as appropriate, the Global Mechanism, to focus their work on best practices relating to decision 13/COP.9, including increasing access through the Scientific Knowledge Brokering Portal to information on the following thematic topics: (b) capacity building and awareness-raising; (e) policy, legislative and institutional framework; (f) funding and resource mobilization; and (g) participation, collaboration and networking.

Decision 18/COP.11 Additional procedures or institutional mechanisms to assist the Conference of the Parties in regularly reviewing the implementation of the Convention

3. The COP requests the secretariat and the Global Mechanism, as appropriate and relevant, to synthesize the outcomes of intersessional sessions of the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention, including on best practices, into information and capacity-building material to guide Parties in their efforts to enhance the implementation of the Convention.
4. Further requests the Bureau of the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention, with the support of the secretariat, to promote the improvement of interlinkages between the work of the Bureau of the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention and that of the regional coordination mechanisms, subject to the availability of resources, with the aim to encourage the effective implementation of national, subregional and regional action programmes and to build capacity for the national and local implementation of The Strategy.

Decision 22/COP.11 Advice on how best to measure progress on strategic objectives 1, 2 and 3 of The Strategy

15. The COP encourages developed country Parties and international organizations to support a broader down-to-earth capacity-building programme that touches on the capacity issues related to the implementation of monitoring and evaluation, including on the delineation and identification of areas prone to desertification and land degradation. Capacity-building should be envisaged as a medium-term participatory process shared by all actors.

Decision 25/COP.11 United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification fellowship programme

The Conference of the Parties, recalling the consensus on the need to establish a UNCCD fellowship programme expressed by the Committee on Science and Technology and previous initiatives taken towards the creation of a fellowship programme,
1. Welcomes the proposed Partnership Agreement and Governance Manual for establishing the fellowship programme, as provided in Annex I of document ICCD/COP(11)/CST/8;
2. Requests the Executive Secretary to support the fellowship programme steering group to establish and launch the fellowship programme based on the agreed governance model;
3. Invites the fellowship programme steering group in cooperation with the secretariat and the Regional Committees, and in collaboration with the Regional Coordination Mechanisms, to broaden the fellowship programme partnership, thereby ensuring the regional geographical balance;
4. Requests the Executive Secretary to continue efforts to link the fellowship programme with other activities of the secretariat aimed at supporting capacity-building in accordance with operational objective 4 of the 10-year strategic plan and framework to enhance the implementation of the Convention (2008–2018) (The Strategy), and to take further actions in this regard through, inter alia, promoting direct complementarity between these activities;
5. Invites the Joint Liaison Group of the secretariats of the Rio conventions to consider collaboration in support of the UNCCD fellowship programme and other related capacity-building activities;
6. Further invites country Parties to actively encourage national and regional institutions to become partners of the fellowship programme to support the realization of its objectives in accordance with its scope and strategy;
7. Recognizes that effective delivery of the fellowship programme will require additional resources and invites Parties, organizations and the private sector, with the interest and capacity to do so, to make voluntary and in-kind contributions to support the fellowship programme in its multi-stakeholder partnership model;
8. Requests the secretariat, as a member of the fellowship programme steering group, to report on the implementation of fellowship programme and the evolution of the multi-stakeholder partnership governance model at the twelfth session of the Conference of the Parties.
 
 
 

Quick access

  • Prais
  • UNDDD
  • World Day