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​Publications on capacity Building
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Mujeres de Algodón: roles de género y participación en las cadenas de valor en Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay y Perú

La FAO, junto con el Gobierno de Brasil, presentan a través de este libro, un mapeo de los roles de las mujeres algodoneras en cinco países de latinoamérica, identificando las áreas de empoderamiento y desapoderamiento.
Author: Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y Agricultura (FAO) y la Agencia Brasileña de Cooperación (ABC)
Topic: Agriculture; Awareness raising; Biodiversity; Ecology; Food security; Gender; Poverty reduction/Development; Environment; Sustainability

Soils’ potential to contribute to offset international aviation emissions

This informative note presents soil carbon sequestration as an option for offsetting this emissions through a market-based mechanism within the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation
Author: Land and Water Division
Topic: Agriculture; Ecology; Land management; Water management

Gender equality and food security—women’s empowerment as a tool against hunger

This report sheds the light on how the achievement and support of gender equality can contribute to food security with focus on Asia and the Pacific. It highlights the urgent necessity of transformation of gender roles in traditional societies towards equal education and employment opportunities for women and girls, and elimination of gender discrimination. 
Author: Asian Development Bank
Topic: Agriculture; Awareness raising; Food security; Gender; Land management

Soil Sisters: A Toolkit for Women Farmers

This manual written by the Endowed Chair in Agricultural Systems at the Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture is developed to provide advice for female farming entrepreneurs on how to plan your business, what grants and loans are available for women farmers, what tools to use, and how to integrate your family into your enterprise. You will also learn some case studies and encouraging ideas from more than a hundred of successful women farmers and advocates.
Author: Kivirist, L
Topic: Agriculture; Awareness raising; Food security; Gender; Land management

The Marketplace is a top best practice in United Nations System

In a report based on an extensive review of knowledge management platforms throughout the United Nations (UN), the Joint Inspection Unit, an independent external oversight body of the UN System, concluded inter alia that the UNCCD Capacity Building Marketplace is a top best practice that "may serve as an example for United Nations system-wide collaborative platforms in service of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development".
Author: Petru Dumitriu
Topic: Awareness raising

Ex-ante technology assessment for inclusive poverty reduction and sustainable productivity growth in agriculture (TIGA): A manual

This publication Ex-ante technology assessment for inclusive poverty reduction and sustainable productivity
growth in agriculture (TIGA): A manual has been produced with the financial support of from Bill and Melinda
Gates Foundation.
Author: Malek Mohammad Abdul and Franz Gatzweiler
Topic: Agriculture; Food security

Contribution of rural women to rice production activities in two different areas of Bangladesh

The study used the data collected from the Nilphamari and Mymensingh districts of Bangladesh to reveal the core contribution of women in rice production activities, identify the wage gap between male and female laborer, and factors influencing women’s participation in rice farming at household level in Bangladesh.
Author: Rahman F, Shammi SA, Parvin MT, Haque S
Topic: Agriculture; Food security; Gender; Land management

The positive impacts on Turkish women farmers of an all-female agriculture and business management training pilot program

This publication presents the results of the Suzanne's Project in Turkey founded in 2011 by Drs. Robin Brumfield and Burhan Özkan to empower Turkish women by providing them with the necessary tools and resources to scale and sustain profitable agricultural businesses. The program provided training in business planning and management and also included computer literacy, alternative production systems, soil productivity, plant nutrition, and other best management practices training.
Author: Brumfield RG, Oezkan B, Carleo J
Topic: Agriculture; Awareness raising; Food security; Land management; Gender

Empowerment of Women through Comprehensive Agricultural Support Programme (CASP) in Gauteng Province, South Africa

This study provides insight on the effectiveness of the Comprehensive Agricultural Support Programme (CASP) on female farmers of Gauteng Province in South Africa engaged in field crop, animal, and industrial production as well as in horticulture.
Author: Nesamvuni E, Mpandeli S, Tshikolomo K, and Swanepoel F
Topic: Agriculture; Funding and resource mobilization; Gender; Food security

Gardening matters: a political ecology of female horticulturists, commercialization, water access, and food security in Botswana

The authors of this research have been able to assess the effectiveness of women’s gardening initiatives, developed by the Government of Botswana and its partners, on household food insecurity. Women's ability to access water resources is in focus.
Author: Fehr R, Moseley WG
Topic: Agriculture; Biodiversity; Food security; Gender; Land management; Water management; Stakeholder involvement/Negotiations

Actions Speak Louder than Words: Differences in Women and Men’s Adoption of Agroforestry Cacao Practices in Coastal Ecuador

This study uses a revealed preference method (RPM) to analyze whether women are more likely to adopt and preserve agrofrestry production methods in cacao production systems in Ecuador than men.
Author: Blare T, Useche P
Topic: Agriculture; Biodiversity; Food security; Forests; Gender; Land management; Land degradation and restoration

Contribution of Women in Agroforestry Practices of West Tripura, North-East India

This study shows variation in inter and intra-cultural practices of agroforestry systems by revealing the importance of women's involvement for social and economic benefits resulted from their contribution.
Author: Debbarma J, Taran M, and Deb S
Topic: Agriculture; Biodiversity; Food security; Forests; Gender; Land management; Land degradation and restoration

Women Participation in Conservation of Natural Resource in Sikkim Himalaya

This publication analyzes the role of women in management of forests, water, land, organic farming and livestock in Sikkim Himalaya. The assessment is based in the information gathered on land and water resources, farmers’ socio-economic condition, land-use and utilization of resources from women perspective from 150 randomly sampled farm households.
Author: Mishra PK
Topic: Agriculture; Biodiversity; Food security; Gender; Land management; Water management; Forests; Poverty reduction/Development

A systems approach to restoring degraded drylands

Done by US and Australian scientists this research integrates a quantitative systems approach into conceptual framework of dryland restoration for the purposes of forecasting ecosystem responses to management activities and thus, enhancing restoration outcomes.
Author: James,JJ, Sheley,RL, Erickson,T, Rollins,KS, Taylor,MH, Dixon,KW
Topic: Agriculture; Awareness raising; Drought; Food security; Land degradation and restoration; Land management

The End of Desertification? Disputing Environmental Change in the Drylands

This book comprises discussions of the concept of desertification by experts in drylands, geoscience, biodiversity, climate, environment and development studies, from UK, France, Norway, USA, Niger, Argentina, China, and Australia.
Author: Behnke, R, Mortimore, M (Eds.)
Topic: Awareness raising; Climate change; Drought; Land degradation and restoration; Land management; Agriculture

Review of the Kubuqi Ecological Restoration Project: A Desert Green Economy Pilot Initiative

This UNEP publication has a specific value for the UNCCD COP13 that takes place in Ordos, China in September 2017, since it relates a success story of combatting desertification in that area. The Kubuqi Ecological Restoration Project of Elion Resources Group, located in the Kubuqi Desert represents a successful example of how the green economy combats desertification through the simultaneous application of indigenous knowledge and modern technologies.
Author: Shepherd, G, Hubbard, DW, Jinlong, L, Jingjie, Y, and Honglin, Y
Topic: Agriculture; Awareness raising; Biodiversity; Climate change; Drought; Land degradation and restoration; Land management; Funding and resource mobilization

The ten most likely global risks!

What are the most pressing risks in terms of their likelihood to occur. And, do issues of the environment feature in these? This publication looks at these risks and explain their impacts.

Topic: Climate change; Drought; Ecology; Food security

Making sense of research for sustainable land management

This book is meant to put research on sustainable land management into context: the context of those who manage land and its soils, and those who want to conduct or set up research in a way that it is meaningful for land users.
Topic: Agriculture; Forests; Land degradation and restoration; Land management

Land in Balance

'Land in Balance' is a science-policy brief prepared by the UNCCD Science-Policy Interface (SPI). It gives an overview of the scientific conceptual framework for land degradation neutrality (LDN). The conceptual framework creates a common understanding of the LDN objective and consistency in approaches to achieving LDN.
Author: UNCCD Science-Policy Interface (SPI)
Topic: Awareness raising; Drought; Land degradation and restoration; Land management

Scaling up Land Degradation Neutrality Target Setting - From Lessons to Actions: 14 Pilot Countries’ Experiences

'Scaling up Land Degradation Neutrality Target Setting - From Lessons to Actions: 14 Pilot Countries’ Experiences' presents countries’ real cases and partners’ experiences from the pilot project findings into top lessons and takeaways. It aims to provide easy access to practical solutions for decision makers, country stakeholders and development partners interested in engaging in the LDN target setting process.
Author: The Global Mechanism of the UNCCD
Topic: Awareness raising; Drought; Land degradation and restoration

Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality at the country level: Building blocks for LDN Target Setting

'Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality at the country level: Building blocks for LDN Target Setting' explains in practical terms how to put the evolving LDN concept into practice. Four building blocks form the basis of the LDN target-setting process, developed with the scientific guidance of the UNCCD Science-Policy Interface (SPI) and feedback received from country Parties and stakeholders.
Author: The Global Mechanism of the UNCCD
Topic: Awareness raising; Drought; Land degradation and restoration

Rural Women in Drylands

Rural Women in Drylands emphasize more on the changing role of women in rural drylands - as elsewhere in the world - range from mothers, educators, business owners, agricultural producers, paid or unpaid workers, farm owners and community leaders. Being the important source of knowledge related to environmental management for medicines, food and water,they are often excluded from decision making processes and denied access to critical resources.
Author: Ejona Bakalli, Tana Lala-Pritchard & Marah Al Malalha
Topic: Agriculture; Awareness raising; Biodiversity; Climate change; Food security; Gender; Poverty reduction/Development; Water management

RIASCO Action Plan – Southern Africa El-Niño-Induced Drought

The Regional Inter-agency Standing Committee (RIASCO) has developed an Action Plan on Southern Africa El-Niño-Induced Drought. This publication presents several key messages covering inter alia, the regional situation and humanitarian funding regarding this issue. It also explains 3 pillars of the Action Plan : Humanitarian Country updates; Building Resilience in the region; Macro-Economic Impacts and Rist Management Options.
Topic: Drought; Awareness raising

Global Assessment of Sand and Dust Storms

The Global Assessment of Sand and Dust Storms presents the latest scientific information on the causes of sand and dust storms and their consequences for human and environmental well-being. The main aim of this report is contributing to our understanding of sand and dust storms and helping to predict and reduce their impact.
Author: Gemma Shepherd, Enric Terradellas, Alexander Baklanov et al.
Topic: Drought; Land degradation and restoration; Land management

Handbook of Drought Indicators and Indices

The handbook is a part of "Integrated Drought Management Tools and Guidelines Series" compiled by the Integrated Drought Management Programme.The indicators and indices discussed in the publication provide options for identifying the severity, location, duration onset and cessation of such conditions. The publication can be regarded as a resource guide / material for practitioners and not as an academic paper.
Author: Integrated Drought Management Programme by the World Meteorological Organization and Global Water Parnership
Topic: Agriculture; Drought; Ecology; Land degradation and restoration; Land management; Soil science; Water management

Land Degradation, Desertification and Climate Change: Anticipating, Assessing and Adapting to Future Change

This book represents a cocktail of various interlinkages between global climate change and land degradation.
Author: Mark Reed and Lindsay C. Stringer
Topic: Agriculture; Awareness raising; Climate change; Drought; Ecology; Biodiversity; Food security; Land degradation and restoration; Land management; Poverty reduction/Development; Soil science; Water management

From teleconnection to telecoupling: taking stock of an emerging framework in land system science

Telecoupling means understanding and managing how humans and nature sustainably coexist. As far as land use is concerned, it refers to changes brought about by the interaction between a complexity of drivers that transcends spatial, institutional and temporal scales. The present article reviews the state of the art of the telecoupling framework in the land system science literature by drawing the historical development of the framework and presenting two current approaches to telecoupling analysis. Further, issues concerning analytical challenges related to categorization of systems, system boundaries, hierarchy and scale are highlighted. Finally, the authors develop approaches to address these challenges by looking beyond land system science to theoretical perspectives from economic geography, social metabolism studies, political ecology and cultural anthropology.
Author: Cecilie Friis, Jonas  Ø stergaard Nielsen, Iago Otero, Helmut Haberl, J ö rg Niew ö hner & Patrick Hostert
Topic: Soil science; Land degradation and restoration

Journals - United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries

The UN- REDD+ Academy offers launches learning journals that addresses  technical issues, such as the establishment of national forest monitoring systems and processes to address REDD+ safeguards. Journals are also avalible in English, French and Spanish.
Author: UNEP
Topic: Awareness raising; Ecology; Forests; Climate change

Predicting Paris: Forecasting the Outcomes of UNFCCC COP-21 With the Predictioneer’s Game

The present paper presents the results of the predictioneer’s game regarding the outcome of climate negotiations at the COP21 in Paris. Based on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) first negotiating text shared on 25 February 2015, the authors have derived a list of issues to make predictions. This issues concern overall differentiation principle, mitigation, adaptation, climate finance and loss & damage, as well as ambitions and review of 16 groups of countries which will take part to negotiations.
Author: Detlef F. Sprinz and Bruce Bueno de Mesquita
Topic: Climate change

First Draft of New Climate Change Agreement

​The first comprehensive draft of the universal agreement on climate change is issued. The draft of the agreement is a concise basis for negotiations for the next negotiating session from 19-23 October 2015 in Bonn. Co-Chairs Ahmed Djoghalf of Algeria and Daniel Reifsnyder of the United States prepared the draft in response to a request from countries to have a better basis from which to negotiate.

Article 8 of the first draft of the new universal climate change agreement stipulates the importance of capacity building that is cross cutting, effective and needs based.
Author: UNFCCC
Topic: Climate change

Methods of soil protection from erosion using cryogel and perennial plants

This article addresses a new chemical-biological method of preventing soil erosion using cryogels in combination with perennial grasses. Cryogels are environmentally friendly and quite harmless to humans with no proven negative impact on aboriginal soil microflora. The cryogel polymer matrix in the soil is strong enough to withstand the effects of erosion and is also quite elastic. Therefore it will not hinder plant growth and the seeds germinated through the cryogel layer form a stable green cover.
Topic: Agriculture; Awareness raising; Soil science; Biodiversity; Ecology; Land degradation and restoration

The Value of Land

Land degradation is an increasing issue globally, exacerbated by climate change and affecting food security, threatening water resources and ultimately acting as a driver to migration. This ELD study, undertaken over the past 4 years, quantifies the costs of land degradation and sets out a universal approach for quantifying the economic benefits of sustainable land management.
Author: Naomi Stewart (UNU-INWEH)
Topic: Land degradation and restoration; Land management; Water management

Land management in Luxembourg: challenges, objectives and instruments for an emergent policy (French)

Luxembourg’s planning system is currently undergoing fundamental reforms that aim to establish completely new structures within it. The present paper discusses these developments in three steps: It will begin with a brief description of Luxembourg’s spatial context, which is characterized by a number of peculiar features due to the country’s small size and high economic and populations growth rates in recent years. Secondly, the paper will provide a synthesis and appraisal of those Luxembourgish spatial planning instruments and institutions that are already in place as well as those that are envisaged for the future. In a third step, arguments defining Luxembourg's position in the context of European planning cultures will be examined.
Author: Tobias Chilla
Topic: Sustainability

Critical Ecosystems Partnership Fund - Annual Report 2014

​Development that is undermined by environmental woes, such as escalating freshwater scarcity, dramatic soil erosion, progression of desertification or increased occurrence of extreme weather events, cannot achieve its goals.

The Critical Ecosystems Partnership Fund enables civil society to praticipate and benefit from conserving some of the world's most critical ecosystems. They have prepared this report to present the funds' progress and successful projects around the globe, working to achieve climate change mitigation, sustainable land management and ecosystem conservation.
Author: Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Topic: Biodiversity; Climate Change; partnership for capacity building

Use of plaster for sustainable organic agriculture in arid and semi-arid zones (in Spanish)

This publication from Interciencia presents an assessment of the effects of plaster in the prevention of sodification of soils with organic agricultural systems in northeast Mexico.
Author: Beltrán, L., Casanova, A., López, R., Naranjo, A., Peralta, O., Rodríguez, G., Troyo, E.
Topic: Water; Food; Agriculture; Drought; land management

Diagnosis of Water resources in Latin America (in Spanish)

This publication from the Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey presents an overview of water resources in 19 Latin American and Caribbean countries. The publication is divided in 19 chapters, each covering one country. The chapters are organized in the following structure: introduction, general description, superficial waters, subterranean waters, water quality and health, uses of water, management and investments.
Author: Allende, A., Alonzo, E., Alvarez, G., Arriola, C., Bellagamba, J., et al
Topic: Water

Soil management and conservation for small farms

This report from FAO is intended for development practitioners, extensionists and leader or pioneers in farming communities, to inform them about the experiences and innitiatives of farming communities with conservation agriculture in Santa Catarina State, Brazil.

The publication covers the following topics, among others: Agricultural land degradation in Santa Catarina: process and causes; Soil recuperation, conservation and management; History and changing concepts in rural development; The principal soil management and conservation activities in Santa Catarina.
Author: Valdemar Hercilio de Freitas
Topic: land management; Drought; Agriculture

Sustainable Soil Management - soil systems guide

This publication from Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA) covers basic soil properties and management steps toward building and maintaining healthy soils. The publication is divided into three sections: Section 1 deals with basic soil principles and provides an understanding of living soils and how they work. Section 2 covers management steps to build soil quality on a farm. The last section covers stories of farmers who have successfully built up their soil.
Author: Preston Sullivan
Topic: Drought; land management; Sustainability

Microbiological activity of soil under different uses and its relation with physico-chemical variables (in Spanish)

The objective of this work published by the Journal of the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences of the National University of Cuyo, was to determine if the microbial activity can be a good indicator of soil use intensity. the study analyzes: 1) if differences in soil use intensity are related to differences in microbiological activity estimated through soil respiration and enzymatic activity, and 2) the possible relationships between these variables and physico-chemical variables.
Author: C. Di Ciocco, R. Sandler, L. Falco, C. Coviella
Topic: Drought; land management

Tree crops: A permanent agriculture

Tree Crops, A Permanent Agriculture, by J. Russell Smith, is one of the best reference books on agroforestry and forest farming, and noted as a key inspirational source for Bill Mollison in creating the Permaculture Design concept.
Author: J. Russell Smith
Topic: Food; Forests; Agriculture; Sustainability; Water

Sustainable development of dry lands and the struggle against desertification (in Spanish)

An overview of all issues related to desertification. The document defines the causes and characteristics of desertification, reviews existing strategies to deal with it and reviews international frameworks of cooperation programmes in the area.
Author: FAO
Topic: Drought; land management

Basic Manual for Capacity Building on Water Resource Management (in Spanish)

This manual addresses the question of how to improve  the processes and mechanisms in support of small-scale agriculture in order to deal with climate change. The manual is divided into 18 sections covering different aspects of water management.
Author: Various
Topic: Water; institutional capacity building; Agriculture; Climate Change

Underground Waters: Knowledge and Exploitation (in Spanish)

This paper is a summary of the lectures covered in the specialization course on Sanitary Engineering of the Institute of Sanitary Engineering, University of Buenos Aires.
Author: Norberto O. Bellino
Topic: Water

Collection and Storage of Rainwater: technical options for family agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean (in Spanish)

This publication from the FAO is to be used as a field guide for professionals working in small family agriculture, where water is a limiting factor for plant and animal production. The document is the result of a compilation from on-site experiences, event reports, studies and manuals, among many other sources. It aims at increasing the available knowledge on collection and storage of rainwater.
Author: Various
Topic: Agriculture; Food; Water; Sustainability

Agriculture and climate change: economy and modeling (in Spanish)

A publication from the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean based on the presentations of the experts that participated in the Fourth Regional Seminar of Agriculture and Climate Change. The seminar upon which this publication is based focused on the economy and modelling of agricultural adaptation to climate change.
Author: Adrian Rodriguez, Lara Meza and Meliza Gonzales (compilers)
Topic: Climate Change; Agriculture

Study of desertification and land degradation costs in the department of Piura, Peru (in Spanish)

This work is the result of a research developed in cooperation with the German Society for International Cooperation and the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC/CEPAL) of the United Nations. It measures the desertification and land degradation costs in the department of Piura in Peru.
Author: César Morales, Guillermo Dascal and Zoraida Aranibar
Topic: Drought; land management

Renewable Energy Capacity Statistics 2015

The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) has set out to produce data sets on renewable energy capacity and use worldwide. The first such data set shows renewable power-generation capacity for 2000-2014.
Author: Olivier Lavagne d’Ortigue, Adrian Whiteman and Samah Elsaye
Topic: Renewable Energy

Soil Conservation Practices (in Spanish)

This paper aims at presenting the fundamental concepts related to soil and erosion. It further proposes the necessary basis for soil conservations management.
Author: Jorge Carrasco J.
Topic: land management; Drought

Guide on Soil Conservation Practices (in Spanish)

A guide presenting  best practices for soil conservation. This guide provides basic knowledge regarding the most important practices that producers can apply to improve and maintain soil quality in their areas of production.
Topic: Drought; land management

Module: Climate Change. Field and Life School for Junior Farmers –Facilitator’s Guide (in Spanish)

This module aims at providing facilitators of the Junior Farmers Field and Life Schools (JFFLS) with information to enable them to discuss the topic of climate change. The module helps participants to learn about agriculture’s role in climate change, the impacts of climate change on agriculture, and the possible ways to reduce these impacts by applying relevant actions, methods and practices such as climate smart agriculture practices.
Topic: Climate Change; Food; Agriculture

Characterization of Soil and Water Salinity of the Valley of the Copiapó River (in Spanish)

This paper presents a chemical characterization of the soils and waters of the Valley of the Copiapó River, Atacama Region. It seeks to provide agricultural workers with knowledge regarding the Valle’s water and chemical characterization in order to contribute to sustainable development in the arid lands of Atacama.
Author: Carlos Sierra Bernal, Ricardo Césped Rios and Alfonso Osorio Ulloa
Topic: Water

Indicators and a Monitoring Framework for Sustainable Development Goals: Launching a data revolution for the SDGs

Indicators and a monitoring framework for the Sustainable Development Goals are the key to a successful review and implementation of progress towards reaching the same. A regular reporting using the indicators explored in this publication will make the SDGs more feasible to reach and provide a more effective implementation than the Millenium Development Goals.
Author:  Leadership Council of the Sustainable Development Solutions Network
Topic: sustainability; land management; environment; Climate Change; Biodiversity; Food; partnership for capacity building; institutional capacity building

Economics of Land Degradation Assesses Economics of Sustainable Land Management in Ethiopia

​A case study undertaken by the Economics of Land Degradation (ELD) Initiative in Ethiopia developed a detailed spatial assessment of the extent of land degradation, as well as the costs and benefits of different sustainable land management (SLM) options. The study aims to contribute to ELD's goal of providing tools for the total economic valuation of land degradation and SLM
Author: Centre for Development and Environment and the Water and Land Resource Centre
Topic: land management; sustainability

Rhizosphercial bacteria stimulating growth of plants. Application in agricultural practice (in Russian)

The study aims at reviewing the literature data of different authors and researchers on the application of complex microbial preparations in agricultural practice of Uzbekistan for the purpose of soils fertility. Application of biotechnologies on the basis of highly effective microorganisms allows to offer an alternative strategy of ecologically sound land use based on the substitution of chemicals with microbial preparations.
Author: S.S. Murodova, K.D. Davranov
Topic: Agriculture; land management; sustainability; environment

Influence of water saving technologies on growth and development of fruit trees (in Russian & English)

This study explains how the practice of drip irrigation systems not only reduces water loss by evapotranspiration and provides a guaranteed high yield of crops, but also actively contributes to the income of farmers, and it improves soil fertility.
Topic: land management; sustainability

A Discriminant Analysis to Categorize Durum Wheat Varieties in Drought-tolerance Classes on the Basis of Rheological and Physiological Traits

This publication is a multivariate discriminant analysis that was performed to identify a set of physiological characteristics that can be used to distinguish between groups of durum wheat genotypes differing for adaptation to semi-arid environments.
Author: Rascio, A. et at
Topic: Food; Drought

Changes in soil cover for the development of territorial scenarios in the Apurímac Region, Peru

An analysis of the drivers of change in soil usage and its impact in the environment. The study was conducted in the Sub-basin of the river Vilcabamba through analysis of satellite images from the years 1986, 1994, 2002 and 2009.
Author: Nicolas Ibáñez, Gregory Damman
Topic: Drought; land management

Strategies and Techniques to Handle Desertification in the Apurímac Region, Peru (in Spanish)

Apurímac is a region with one of the lowest Human Development Indexes in Peru and is widely affected by desertification. This paper is based on a review of existing literature and interviews to the local population. It provides an insight into traditional techniques dealing with climate change in the region of Apurímac.
Author: Raquel Guaita, Grégory Damman, Jaime Pérez, Haydeé Carrasco, Sergio Tejada
Topic: Drought; land management

Desertification in the Peruvian Andean Highlands

A comparative study of land management and its geological elements in pre-Columbian societies. This paper published by the Universidad Internacional de Andalucía claims that an adequate management of the environment and its resources can regulate the conditions of desertification in the high plains while at the same time being productive.
Author: Paula Emilia Rivasplata Varillas
Topic: Drought; land management

Valuing native forests and preventing desertification: the Kyoto Protocol’s mechanisms of clean development (Spanish)

Public policy, development of practical instruments and valorization of the native forest is key to dealing with the consequences of climate change. This article introduces the general criteria of the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism and analyzes the possibilities of applying this instrument to the valorization of the native forest.
Topic: Climate Change; Drought; land management; Forests

Fencing: an option for the natural recovery of degrades systems in dry lands (Spanish)

Restoration of natural components can be achieved by temporarily fencing grazing lands. This publication discusses the main problems faced by communities living in the Argentinian dry lands and illustrates the benefits of enclosing grazing land from cattle.
Author: Ana M. Contreras, Rubén O. Coirini, Ricardo M. Zapata, Marcos S. Karling
Topic: land management; Drought

The fight against desertification: traditional technologies of sustainable land and water use

Traditional technologies for the sustainable management of land and water resources can be used  to the benefit of communities currently living in dry lands. This publication  refers to traditional technologies for sustainable land and water management, including the farming terraces and infiltration trenches, among others.
Author: José R. Benítes Jump
Topic: Water; Drought; Sustainability

The fight against desertification. Towards a new paradigm to strengthen resilience in communities from the dry lands (Spanish)

This article prepared by Agricultures provides a brief presentation of old and new models of agricultural development. The dominating model of agricultural development does not provide and solution for communities living in dry lands.  A new archetype must be built from a different perspective in which resilience towards climate change and sustainability of natural resources re a key component.
Author: Red AgriCulturas, Groundswell International
Topic: Drought; land management

Institutionalization of Desertification Monitoring in Argentina: Design and Implementation of the National Observatory of Land Degradation and Desertification (Spanish)

This paper, presented at the 2nd Scientific Conference of the UNCCD held in 9-12 April 2013 in Bonn, Germany, provides an overview of the Argentinian National Observatory of Land Degradation and Desertification. The documents covers the origins, design, structure of the Argentinian National Observatory of Land Degradation and Desertification, as well as the first results and some recommendations.
Author: Pietragalla, V., Corso, M.L., Cueva, J., Maccagno, P., Therburg, A., Abraham, E., Soria, D., Bran, D., Maceira, N., Navone, S., Román, M.
Topic: Drought; land management

The fight against desertification in the Argentina’s dry lands: the case of Mendoza

An analysis of the causes and effects of desertification, its impact and economic importance. This work focuses on the impact of desertification in the province of Mendoza, Argentina. It pays special attention to the actions and policies that have been undertaken to prevent the advance of desertification.
Author: Elena María Abraham
Topic: Drought; land management

Four great challenges, a global solution: biodiversity, climate change, desertification and the fight against poverty (Spanish)

The book is structured in 8 content groups focusing on different aspects of environment, development, public policy, international conventions, biodiversity, international cooperation and civil society.
Author: González, J.A. y Santos  (editors)
Topic: Drought; Poverty Reduction; Climate Change

Manual on Desertification (Spanish)

This manual aims to introduce the main concepts related to desertification and explain its impact On biodiversity and climate change. The manual addresses the processes that lead to desertification, as well as the national-lead actions conducted by the government in order to mitigate and combat de effects of desertification and drought in Argentina.
Author: Secretaría de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable
Topic: Drought; land management

The role of domestic cattle in the control of desertification

This publication prepared by FAO discusses the real impact of domestic cattle in desertification, water pollution and global warming. The document aims to bring down the myth of domestic cattle as the main reason for desertification. It also describes physiological, ecological and environmental aspects of plants in order to understand the roles of domestic cattle in desertification.
Author: Based on the work of Dr. Donald Huss, consultant.
Topic: Drought

Human Right to Water and Sanitation and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

This study undertaken by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean analyses present perspectives of human right to water and sanitation in the context of the MDGs. The document presents substantial measures and procedures that should be included in the design of new goals post 2015, calling for the inclusion of new factors in the analysis of the goals.
Author: Juan Bautista Justo
Topic: development; Water

Agriculture, rural development, land, drought and desertification: outcomes, trends and challenges for sustainable development in Latin America and the Caribbean

This publication prepared by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC/CEPAL), analyses the main issues related to agricultural and rural development in Latin America and the Caribbean and it’s natural resources and environmental conditions. The document is structured in five thematic areas: productive development; deforestation; degradation and desertification; social and demographic factors: poverty, income and work and; climate change and natural disasters.
Author: German Agency for Technical Cooperation - ECLAC/CEPAL

Desertification, land use, and the transformation of global drylands

The author of this publication proposes that assessments of desertification and land transformation be placed within a state change–land-use change (SC–LUC) framework. This framework considers desertification as state changes occurring within the context of particular land uses (eg rangeland, cropland) that interact with land-use change. State changes that can be readily reversed are distinguished from regime shifts, which are state changes involving persistent alterations to vegetation or soil properties. Discussions on how the SC–LUC perspective can guide more effective assessment of desertification and management of dry lands are presented.
Author: Brandon T Bestelmeyer,  Gregory S Okin, Michael C Duniway,  Steven R Archer,  Nathan F Sayre,  Jebediah C Williamson,  Jeffrey E Herrick
Topic: land management

Efectos combinados del fuego y el ganado en matorrales y bosques del noroeste patagónico

The article prepared by the Agentinian Ecology Association analyzes different micro-environmental variables and plant community parameters at sites affected by the combination of fire and cattle in shrublands and forests of northwest Patagonia (Argentina).
Author: Melisa Blackhall, Estela Raffaele, Thomas T. Veblen
Topic: Forests; Food

Disentangling the effects of shrubs and herbivores on tree regeneration in a dry Chaco forest (Argentina)

This publication written by Andrés Tálamo from the National Scientific and Technical Research Council, provides a conceptual framework for testing the impact of biotic interactions (between shrubs, herbivores and trees) on seedling recruitment to tree regeneration in dry forests.
Author: A.Tálamo, A. Barchuk, S. Cardozo, C. Trucco, G. Maras & C. Trigo
Topic: Forests; Drought

The CGIAR's Research Program on Dryland Systems youth strategy 2014-2017

The Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) as part of its Research Program on Dryland Systems has recently developed a youth strategy to promote more youth-inclusive development in dryland systems that enhances well-being and resilience.
Author: Jennie Dey de Pryck
Topic: Diplomacy; Agriculture; Poverty Reduction; environment; land management

The Story of Agriculture and the Sustainable Development Goals

Agriculture is the main thread that connects the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) across its complex range of objectives. This publication from Farming First, shows the challenges of the post-2015 development agenda in the context of agriculture in a vivid and picturesque way.
Author: Farming First
Topic: sustainability; Agriculture; Awareness Raising; Diplomacy

The Role of Biomass in the Sustainable Development Goals: A Reality Check and Governance Implications

Biomass is a core foundation of human societies. It is used as human food, animal feed, biomaterials or bioenergy. Many of the proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for the post-2015 Development Agenda are reliant on biomass, which need healthy soils to be produced. In this context this publication reviews the feasibility and possible conflicts within the SDGs, for instance the future availability of arable land and the potential impedement to the fulfilment of the goals: land demands made in the SDGs exceed our existing land resources.
The Publication concludes that the sustainable implementation of the SDGs will rely upon the national policies and their focus on balancing conservation and demand for land, and at the same time, it emphasizes the importance of the decisions of each individual of what and how to consume products reliant on soil productivity. 
Author: Alexander Müller, Jes Weigelt, Ariane Götz, Oscar Schmidt, Ivonne Lobos Alva, Ira Matuschke, Ulrike Ehling, Tim Beringer
Topic: sustainability; land management; Agriculture; Food

Various publications from the Global Restoration Network

The Global Restoration Network aspires to be a universal database on everything related to restoration. It comprises content from detailed case studies, publications, articles and information as regards volunteer opportunities and job postings on this issues. It also compiles a detailed section about agricutural related restoration and rehabilition resources to mitigate to effects of soil degradation.
Author: Society for Ecological Restoration International
Topic: sustainability; land management

The social, environmental and economic benefits of Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR)

This study by World Vision Australia reviews the key literature related to Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) in order to establish its benefits and limitations as well as identify any gaps in evidence. The study then outlines potential challenges in meeting the identified gaps and recommends next steps to guide further evaluation and measurement.
Author: Birch, J., Francis, R. and Weston, P.
Topic: Food; Agriculture; environment

Soil Atlas 2015

The Soil Atlas 2015 presents facts and figures about earth, land and fields. It covers the broad ranging significance of soil, and its current state in the world.
The publication provides insights into the current state of global soils on which we depend and, in numerous illustrations and texts, highlights the threats posed to them.
Price explosions and land speculation, increasing soil loss as a result of erosion and sealing, the effects globalized agro-industry on production and food availability across the globe, the problems associated with the virtual import of agricultural land and land distribution, these are just a few of the topics covered.
The Publishers want to inform and improve the ability of consumers to make informed decisions and illustrate pathways to a responsible agriculture and soils policy.
Author: ​Executive Editors: ​  Christine Cheminitz, Heinrich Böll Foundation and Jes Weigelt, Institute for Advanced Sustainabilitz Studies
Topic: environment; land management; sustainability

Applying the Principles of Sustainable Farming

This 16-page publication developed by the National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service (ATTRA) discusses the principles of environmental, economic, and social sustainability, and provides practical examples of how to apply them on the farm.
Author: Preston Sullivan
Topic: Agriculture; Food

Las condiciones de sequía y estrategias de gestión en Costa Rica

This publication developed by UN Water explains the relationship between drought and climate change, the conditions of drought and the mitigation strategies being implemented in Costa Rica.
Author: Ing. Bernal Soto Zúñiga
Topic: Drought

Guidance Note For Developing a National Climate Change Learning Strategy

This is a guidance report on climate change learning strategies for capacity building against climate change effects produced by five countries. It builds on the experiences of five national pilot
projects to “Strengthen Human Resource Capacities
and Skills to Address Climate Change”. The five
pilot countries are Benin, the Dominican Republic,
Indonesia, Malawi, and Uganda.  
Author: Achim Halpaap, Amrei Horstbrink, and Angus Mackay, UNITAR
Topic: Climate Change; Education; Capacity Building Types

Conservation practices to mitigate and adapt to climate change

Climate change, in combination with the expanding human population, presents a formidable food security challenge: how will we feed a world population that is expected to grow by an additional 2.4 billion people by 2050? Population growth and the dynamics of climate change will also exacerbate other issues, such as desertification, deforestation, erosion, degradation of water quality, and depletion of water resources, further complicating
the challenge of food security. These factors, together with the fact that energy prices may increase in the future, which will increase the cost of agricultural inputs, such as fertilizer and fuel, make the
future of food security a major concern.
Author: Jorge A. Delgado, Peter M. Groffman, Mark A. Nearing, Tom Goddard, Don Reicosky
Topic: land management; Climate Change

Impact of levee breaches, flooding, and land scouring on soil productivity

This article from the Journal of Soil and Water Conservation explains the effects of flooding and droughts on crop yields, in parts of the USA.
Author: Kenneth Olson, Jeffrey Matthews, Lois Wright Morton, and John Sloan
Topic: land management; Agriculture

Climate-Smart Agriculture sourcebook

This is an 18 module sourcebook prepared by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) aimed at teaching and evaluating climate smart approaches for agriculture.
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Topic: Climate Change; Agriculture; Education

Soil conservation techniques for climate change adaptation among arable crop farmers in southwest Nigeria

This is a research publication on the effects of climate change adaptation methods used in Nigeria for agriculture.  A sample of 102 arable crop farmers producing major staple crops, were selected and interviewedfor this research.  
Author: Fapojuwo O.E., Olawoye, J.E., Fabusoro E.
Topic: sustainability; land management; Agriculture; Climate Change

Wake up before it is too late: Make agriculture truly sustainable now for food security in a changing climate

This report prepared by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), shows how developing and developed countries alike need a paradigm shift in agricultural development: from a "green revolution" to a "truly ecological intensification" approach. This implies a rapid and significant shift from conventional, monoculture-based and high external-input-dependent industrial production towards mosaics of sustainable, regenerative production systems that also considerably improve the productivity of small-scale farmers. This report focus on how to achieve sustainable agriculture worldwide.
Topic: Agriculture; Sustainability

The Economics of Desertification, Land Degradation, and Drought

In order to provide policymakers with evidence-based recommendations on how to deal with DLDD in the future, quantification of DLDD and its consequent social and economic costs must be included.
Author: Ephraim Nkonya, Nicolas Gerber, Philipp Baumgartner, Joachim von Braun
Topic: Sustainability; Poverty Reduction; land management

Africa Review Report on Drought and Desertification

This is a report from the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) on drought and desertification status in Africa.
Author: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
Topic: Drought; Food; Water

Collect Earth

Openforis has developed a free online tool which enables users to collect data from free online satellite imagery. Purposes include: Support multi-phase National Forest Inventories, land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) assessments, monitoring agricultural land and urban areas, etc. This tool is available online for free and the learning kit is also part of the pakage.
Author: Openforis
Topic: land management; environment; ecology

Agriculture Investing in natural capital

This report provides evidence to inspire policy makers to support increasing green investments in the sector, and guidance on how to enable this transformation. It aims to enhance food security, reduce poverty, improve nutrition and health, create rural jobs and reduce pressure on the environment.
Author: Dr. Hans R. Herren
Topic: Agriculture; Sustainability

Building cross-cutting skills and landscapes knowledge for effective youth leadership

This document is the final report from the youth activities at the Global Landscapes Forum. The report summarises the challenges facing young professionals in engaging with landscapes issues and effectively participating in conferences. It also includes five ‘next steps’ to strengthen youth participation in future events.
Author: UNFCCC
Topic: Capacity Building Types; land management; sustainability

Regenrative permaculture design

This book is guide on permaculture principals and how to desgin completely natural systems to maintain sustainable agriculture.
Author: Open Permaculture School
Topic: Agriculture; sustainability

Restoring America’s Wetlands: A Private Lands Conservation Success Story

The Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) has helped private landowners voluntarily restore, protect and enhance wetlands and wildlife habitat on their lands since 1992. This is a report on the goals, successes and milestones of this program.
Author: USDA
Topic: land management; sustainability

Towards climate-responsible peatlands management

Peatlands are lands with a naturally accumulated peat layer at their surface. Even though peatlands extend over a relatively small portion of the earth’s land surface, they hold a large pool of carbon. There is no universal definition of peatlands. For the purpose of assessing emissions, Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change (IPCC) guidelines included the concept of peatland in the ‘land with organic soil’ category and identify organic soils as histosols. The IPCC guidelines also present emission factors for peatlands under different land uses.
Author: Riccardo Biancalani, Armine Avagyan
Topic: sustainability; Climate Change; land management

Soil Atlas of Latin America

The European Commission's in-house science service today publishes the first ever comprehensive overview of the soils of Latin America and the Caribbean. The first edition entitled: el Atlas de suelos de América Latina y el Caribe is published in Spanish. Portuguese and English versions will follow.
Author: Collaboration
Topic: land management

Soil Atlas

Soil Atlas, Facts and figures about earth, land and fields
Author: Jointly published by IASS Potsdam and Heinrich Böll Foundation
Topic: land management

Process guidance for Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)

This process guidance paper is prepared by the NewClimate Institute staff to assist country governments in the preparation of their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs).
Author: NewClimate Institute staff
Topic: Climate Change

UNEP: Climate Change and Variability in the Sahel Region:

A wide range of innovations have been developed through strategic research partnerships, and these have had a great potential in bringing solutions to problems such as drought and low soil fertility that impede agricultural production in the Sahel.
Reaching the millions of climatically vulnerable farmers in the region for a wider aggregate impact is the biggest challenge. Doing so will require that a number of technical, socioeconomic and institutional obstacles be identifi ed and dealt with through adequate policies. Some of these obstacles and knowledge gaps are discussed in the paper.
Author: UNEP & ICRAF
Topic: Climate Change

The Climate Action Portal: Land use

The new Climate Action Portal presents information on land use actions undertaken around the world by various stakeholders.
Author: UNFCCC
Topic: land management; environment; Climate Change

Turn Down the Heat : Confronting the New Climate Normal

The new "Turn Down the Heat" report explores the risks worsening climate change poses to lives and livelihoods across three regions: Latin America and the Caribbean, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and the Middle East and North Africa.
Topic: Climate Change

Crop production and resource use to meet the growing demand for food, feed and fuel: opportunities and constraints

This study reviews and discusses the opportunities and limits of crops and resources for food, feed and biofuel production. Biomass production is a competing component with food production and can jeopardize food security, water conservation and soil health world wide. 
Author: J.H.J. Spiertz1, F. Ewert
Topic: Food; Agriculture; Climate Change

Adaptation to climate change and climate variability: The importance of understanding agriculture as performance

This publication focuses on the ‘agriculture as performance' approach for climate change adaptive methods in Mali and the US. As most climate change predictions are based on numerical modelling, the ‘agriculture as performance’ approach is useful in counterbalancing the modelling approach to adaptation because it highlights how adaptive processes and technologies, whether short term or long term, are more than simple technical responses to biophysical conditions.
Author: T.A. Cranea, C. Roncolib, G. Hoogenboomb
Topic: Agriculture; Climate Change; Drought

A Landscape Perspective on Monitoring & Evaluation for Sustainable Land Management

This manual will aid trainers of sustainable land management (SLM) professionals to organize and conduct effective courses on monitoring and evaluation (M&E) from an integrated landscape management perspective. The manual provides a curriculum for building the capacities of SLM project and program managers, as well as M&E specialists, to practice M&E in ways that support a landscape approach to SLM.
Author: Louise E. Buck, Raffaela Kozar, John Recha
Topic: land management; sustainability

The Structural Impact of Renewable Portfolio Standards and Feed-in-Tariffs on Electricity Markets

Renewable energy sources (RES) capacity has grown globally at a rapid rate benefiting from multiple support schemes such as renewable portfolio standards (RPS), feed-in-tariffs (FIT), and market premia (MP). While research concentrated on comparing the effectiveness of these policy instruments in driving RES investment, the focus is increasingly shifting towards assessments of the structural impact of these schemes on electricity markets. RES support schemes are continuously being assessed on how they help achieve the three main objectives of electricity policy, i.e., the affordability, reliability, and sustainability of electricity supply.
Author: ngmar Ritzenhofen, John R. Birge, Stefan Spinler
Topic: Renewable Energy

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. This
Special Report explores the challenge of understanding and managing the risks of climate extremes to advance climate change adaptation. Weather- and climate-related disasters have social as well as physical dimensions. As a result, changes in the frequency and severity of the physical events affect disaster risk, but so do the spatially diverse and temporally dynamic patterns of exposure and vulnerability.
Some types of extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency or magnitude, but populations and assets at risk have
also increased, with consequences for disaster risk. Opportunities for managing risks of weather- and climate-related disasters exist or can be developed at any scale, local to international. Some strategies for effectively managing risks and adapting to climate change involve adjustments to current activities. Others require transformation or fundamental change.
Topic: Climate Change; Awareness Raising

Managing drought risk in a changing climate: The role of national drought policy

This paper discusses the underlying concepts of drought, the principles and objectives of national drought policies and a drought planning process that has been effective in the preparation of drought mitigation plans.
Author: Donald A. Wilhitea, Mannava V.K. Sivakumarb, Roger Pulwartyc
Topic: Drought; Diplomacy

Drought preparedness and drought mitigation in the developing world׳s drylands

Drought is one of the major constraints affecting food security and livelihoods of more than two billion people that reside on dry areas which constitute 41% of the world׳s land surface. Drought is defined as deficiency of precipitation over an extended period of time resulting in water scarcity. Our best minds should be concentrated where the greatest challenges lie today – on discoveries and new solutions to cope with the challenges facing dry areas particularly drought and water scarcity. In addition to facing severe natural resource constraints caused by the lack of water in many of the developing world׳s drylands, we also have to cope with rapid growth of the younger segment of the growing population, and high levels of poverty. Coping with drought and water scarcity are critical to address major development challenges in dry areas namely poverty, hunger, environmental degradation and social conflict.
Author: Mahmoud Solh, Maarten van Ginkel
Topic: Drought; Food

Land Degradation and Natural Environment in the Western Anatolia ☆

The study area is located in the lower part of the Aegean region which is part of the Western Anatolia. The area has appropriate natural environmental conditions (such as climate, topography, soil, water, natural harbor, transportation facilities, etc.). Due to the suitable conditions, there are intensive population and variety economic activities. The settlement started in 2,000 BC with Lydian, Ionians (Ephesus, Miletus, Pergamum, etc.) and continued with Roman, Seljuk and Ottomans. These can be seen in the several places in the research area. Due to the suitable land for agriculture, water sources and forest land, transportation facilities (land and sea transport availability), western Anatolia has been seen continuously under the human pressure.
Author: Hasan Çukur
Topic: land management; Forests

Healthier land, healthier farmers: Considering the potential of natural resource management as a place-focused farmer health intervention

Farmers have particular wellbeing-related vulnerabilities that conventional health interventions struggle to address. This paper considers the potential of natural resource management (NRM) programs, which reach large numbers of farmers, as non-conventional place-focused wellbeing interventions. Although designed to address environmental degradation, NRM can influence the wellbeing of farmers. Qualitative meta-synthesis have been used to reanalyse studies examining social dimensions of NRM in Australia and generate a theoretical framework identifying potential pathways between NRM and wellbeing, intended to inform subsequent empirical work.
Author: Jacki Schirmer, Helen L. Berry, Léan V. O’Brien
Topic: Agriculture; land management; institutional capacity building

Program of Community Empowerment Prevents Forest Fires in Indonesian Peat Land

The number of hotspots that indicate forest and land fire in peat land is the highest in Indonesia, particularly in both Riau and West Kalimantan provinces. Ministry of forestry has run several programs to overcome this problem such as monitoring hotspots, campaigning for forest fire prevention, conducting coordination between government and local governments. However, the main cause of this problem has not been solved because the local communities that are around the forest or peat land area still have social and economic problem. This paper described how to solve the problem by involving and emerging the awareness of its local community through program of community empowerment
Author: Arifudina, Besri Nasrulb, Maswadib
Topic: land management; Agriculture; Forests

Managing Climatic Risks to Combat Land Degradation and Enhance Food security: Key Information Needs

This paper discusses the key information needs to reduce the negative impacts of weather variability and climate change on land degradation and food security, and identifies the opportunities and barriers between the information and services needed.
Author: P.K. Aggarwala, W.E. Baetheganb, P. Cooperc, etc.
Topic: Agriculture; Food; Climate Change

Economics of salt-induced land degradation and restoration

Food security concerns and the scarcity of new productive land have put productivity enhancement of degraded lands backon the political agenda. In such a context, salt-affected lands are a valuable resource that cannot be neglected nor easilyabandoned even with their lower crop yields, especially in areas where significant investments have already been made inirrigation and drainage infrastructure.
Author: M. Qadir, E. Quillérou, V. Nangia, G. Murtaza, M. Singh
Topic: Agriculture; land management

Climate Change Risk Management

Climate change risk management approaches generally fall into four broad categories: 1)mitigation—efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions; 2)adaptation—increasing society’s capacity to cope with changes in climate; 3)geoengineering or climate engineering—additional, deliberate manipulation of the earth system that is intended to counteract at least some of the impacts of greenhouse gas emissions; and 4) knowledgebase expansion—efforts to learn and understand more about the climate system, which can help support proactive risk management.
Author: Paul A.T. Higgins
Topic: Climate Change

Global land cover mapping at 30 m resolution: A POK-based operational approach

Global Land Cover (GLC) information is fundamental for environmental change studies, land resource management, sustainable development, and many other societal benefits. Although GLC data exists at spatial resolutions of 300 m and 1000 m, a 30 m resolution mapping approach is now a feasible option for the next generation of GLC products. Since most significant human impacts on the land system can be captured at this scale, a number of researchers are focusing on such products. This paper reports the operational approach used in such a project, which aims to deliver reliable data products.
Author: Jun Chena, Jin Chenb, Anping Liaoa, Xin Caob,
Topic: land management

Functional land management: A framework for managing soil-based ecosystem services for the sustainable intensification of agriculture

Sustainable food production has re-emerged at the top of the global policy agenda, driven by two challenges: (1) the challenge to produce enough food to feed a growing world population and (2) the challenge to make more efficient and prudent use of the world's natural resources. These challenges have led to a societal expectation that the agricultural sector increase productivity, and at the same time provide environmental ‘ecosystem services’ such as the provision of clean water, air, habitats for biodiversity, recycling of nutrients and mitigation against climate change
Author: Rogier P.O. Schultea, Rachel E. Creamera
Topic: land management; sustainability; Agriculture

Land health surveillance and response: A framework for evidence-informed land management

Degradation of land health – the capacity of land, relative to its potential, to sustain delivery of ecosystem services – is recognized as a major global problem in general terms, but remains poorly quantified, resulting in a lack of specific evidence to focus action. Land health surveillance and response is designed to overcome limitations of current assessment approaches. It is modelled on science principles and approaches used in surveillance in the public health sector, which has a long history of evidence-informed policy and practice.
Author: Keith D. Shepherda, Gemma Shepherdb, Markus G. Walshc
Topic: sustainability; Sustainability

Identifying and addressing land governance constraints to support intensification and land market operation: Evidence from 10 African countries

Beyond concerns about agricultural productivity growth, issues of land governance have attracted global interest as demand for land acquisition by outsiders has increased rapidly but most of the transfers failed to live up to expectations and instead disrupted local livelihoods. In this research the land governance assessment framework has been used to identify key conceptual issues and identify how land governance in 10 African countries compares to global good practice. Results point towards weak protection of rights in practice, large gaps in female land access, and limited outreach and effectiveness of institutions to record rights and adjudicate disputes.
Author: Klaus Deininger, Thea Hilhorst , Vera Songwe
Topic: land management

Inter-connection between land use/land cover change and herders’/farmers’ livestock feed resource management strategies: a case study from three Ethiopian eco-environments

In this paper land use/land cover changes from remotely sensed satellite imagery has been assessed and compared with community perceptions on availability/use of livestock feed resources and feed deficit management strategies since the 1973s in three districts representing the pastoral, agro-pastoral and mixed crop-livestock eco-environments of Ethiopia.
Author: Aklilu Mekashaa, Bruno Gerardd, Kindie Tesfayee, Lisanework Nigatub, Alan J. Duncanc
Topic: Agriculture; Food

Trading Forests: Quantifying the Contribution of Global Commodity Markets to Emissions from Tropical Deforestation

This paper aims to improve the understanding of how and where global supply-chains link consumers of agricultural and forest commodities across the world to forest destruction in tropical countries. A better understanding of these linkages can help inform and support the design of demand-side interventions to reduce tropical deforestation. To that end, the link between deforestation for four commodities (beef, soybeans, palm oil, and wood products) in eight case countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Papua New Guinea) to consumption, through international trade is mapped.
Author: Martin Persson, Sabine Henders, Thomas Kastner
Topic: Agriculture; Climate Change; Awareness Raising; Food

The supply and demand of net primary production in the Sahel

​Net primary production (NPP) is the principal source of energy for ecosystems and, by extension, human populations that depend on them. The relationship between the supply and demand of NPP is important for the assessment of socio-ecological vulnerability. This study presents an analysis of the supply and demand of NPP in the Sahel using NPP estimates from the MODIS sensor and agri environmental data from FAOSTAT. This synergistic approach allows for a spatially explicit estimation of human impact on ecosystems.
Author: A M Abdi, J Seaquist, D E Tenenbaum, L Eklundh and J Ardö
Topic: Food; Agriculture; Sustainability


This report analyses impacts of four extreme weather events (a heat wave in Russia, flooding in Pakistan, drought in East Africa, and a typhoon in the Philippines) on food security. For each case, the nature of the extreme weather is characterized, and its impact on vulnerable people is assessed by considering when and why threats emerge, and the role of governance in the state and non-state responses to the emergency. Scenarios of the plausible impacts of increased extreme weather severity on food security and other socioeconomic parameters are presented for each case.
Author: Christopher Goghlan, Maliha Mazammil
Topic: Climate Change; Drought; Food

Adaptation to land constraints: Is Africa different?

This paper discusses the effects of population growth on land and  examines adaptation to falling land-Misspelled Wordlabor ratios using a comprehensive theoretical framework in which households faced with binding land constraints can respond in three ways: intensifying agricultural production, diversifying out of agriculture, and reducing fertility rates
Author: Derek D. Heady, T. S. Jayne
Topic: Food; Agriculture; Water; land management

Eroding battlefields: Land degradation in Java reconsidered

Land degradation has been a major political issue in Java for decades. Its causes have generally been framed by narratives focusing on farmers’ unsustainable cultivation practices. This paper causally links land degradation with struggles over natural resources in Central Java. It presents a case study that was part of a research project combining remote sensing and political ecology to explore land use/cover change and its drivers in the catchment of the Segara Anakan lagoon. Historically rooted land conflicts have turned the land into a political battlefield, with soil erosion being the direct outcome of the political struggles
Author: Marin C. Lukas
Topic: land management; sustainability; Water; Poverty Reduction

Integrating indigenous knowledge and ecological methods for rangeland assessment and monitoring in northern Kenya

This PhD thesis is about testing a methodological framework for integrating indigenous knowledge and ecological methods for promoting local communities’ participation in the implementation of
Global Environmental Conventions (GECs) such as the Convention on Combating Desertification (CCD) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at local community levels.
Author: Hassan G. Roba
Topic: land management; Education; Diplomacy

Strengthening Rural Institutions

This publication is a framework to analyse, plan, initiate, implement, and monitor the development of greater capacity in rural institutions.
Author: Sid Mohan
Topic: institutional capacity building; Poverty Reduction; development

The African Landscapes Action Plan

In July 2014, nearly 200 highly regarded experts, practitioners and policy makers from across Africa and around the world came together over three days to synthesize lessons learned from research and experience.
Author: Landscapes for People, Food and Nature in Africa
Topic: land management; environment; ecology; sustainability; Food; development

Integrating Climate Change in Education at Primary and Secondary Level

This Guide is part of a series of Resource Guides developed through UN CC:Learn (The One United Nations Climate Change Learning Partnership) to facilitate access to existing state-of-the-art materials relevant for climate change learning on particular topics. The Guides are written from the perspective of a learner seeking to obtain an understanding of the topic and consider use of relevant learning materials.
Author: United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)
Topic: Climate Change

Ambitious SDGs are empty without bold action on land

The publication deals with the various dangers of irresponsible land management, and its spillover impacts on food availability and livign standards. Further, it tries to propose line of action to curtail the devastating nature of current practices.
Author: Monique Barbut
Topic: land management; sustainability

Anatolia Watershed Rehabilitation Project

The purpose of this project is to implement sustainable natural resource management practices in order to raise incomes in communities impacted by resource degradation in 28 micro-catchments in the Anatolia and Black Sea regions of Turkey. Each micro-catchment covers between 5,000 and 15,000 hectares, with a total area under development of approximately 202,000 hectares. The project, which was launched in 2004, focuses on poverty reduction by making the rural economy more resilient to crises that affect the most vulnerable. The project’s strategic objectives are directly linked to Turkey’s National Environmental Action Plan, which calls for improved and more environmentally friendly agricultural practices to reduce soil erosion and the pollution of groundwater and surface water. Turkey contributes approximately 20 percent of the nitrogen and 12 percent of the phosphorus produced in the non-Danube Black Sea basin. Only 6.6 percent of land in Turkey is free of some level of erosion.
Topic: Agriculture; Capacity Building Topics old; Sustainability

Energy Model for islands, rural areas

Development of a new model of wind energy that does not require outdoor applications in order to improve the efficiency of energy renewable. This model can work 24/24 anywhere and do not affect the environment landscape. Two types of model have been developed: 1 - power to remote areas from 2 kw to 250 kw / h; 2 - Energy for urban or industrial zone from 5 MW to 20 MW / h.
Author: Lee Nhan
Topic: Renewable Energy

Desertification: The invisible frontline

A new publication by the UNCCD examines desertification as a cause of global conflict and instability and calls for urgent action to support communities in crisis.
Author: UNCCD
Topic: Drought

Land-based adaptation and resilience: Powered by nature

The productive land under our care can withstand climate change-related stresses. The UNCCD latest publication explains how land-based adaptation is a practical and affordable solution.
Author: UNCCD
Topic: Drought; Climate Change; Food; Water; Poverty Reduction

Civil society: Stewards of the Land

The livelihoods of 2 billion people are under direct threat from desertification / land degradation and drought. Climate change is eroding the precious life-support systems – the land and the ecosystem services we all depend on. CSOs are vital and strategic partners in efforts to improve the conditions of the most vulnerable land-dependent people and in moving global decisions on land, climate change and biodiversity forward. No one should be left behind.
Author: UNCCD / Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation SDC / Confédération Suisse
Topic: Drought; Climate Change; Biodiversity; Poverty Reduction; Food; Water; environment; ecology

Drought Preparedness Planning: Building Institutional Capacity

As drought becomes one of the common and rather ordinary environmental hazards, many countries seek to obtain a higher level of preparedness for it by working  on National Action Plans on their own or as prescribed by the UNCCD. This new preparedness can help countries deal with water shortages in a systematic manner, in light of the evolving nature of the hazard.
Author: Donald Wilhite, Michael Hayes, Cody Knutson
Topic: Drought; Capacity Building Topics old

AGRHYMET: A drought monitoring and capacity building centre in the West Africa Region

The Agrhymet Regional Centre is a specialized  institution for the Permanent Interstates Committee for drought control in West Africa. It has undertaken and implemented various initiatives for food security and environmental issues, including climate change, on behalf of the ECOWAS.
Author: Traore et al.
Topic: Drought; Capacity Building Topics old

Strengthening National Capacities to Manage Water Scarcity and Drought in West Asia and North Africa

The project’s main objective is to strengthen the capacities of national planners, policy makers and stakeholders in water-scarce countries in West Asia/North Africa, and to enhance their effectiveness in the formulation, implementation and monitoring of pre-impact and preparedness drought management strategies.
Topic: Water; Drought; Capacity Building Topics old

Asia Pacific Forestry Skills and Capacity Building Program

This program aims to assist countries in the Asia-Pacific region in increasing their forest management expertise and improve carbon sequestration performance of their forests. The Program is currently in Phase II.
Topic: Forests; Capacity Building Types

Asian Development Bank Capacity Building Assistance for managing water supply and sanitation

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) assisted a number of its Pacific developing member countries in the area of water supply and sanitation. The main issues to be dealt with were water shortage, water and land usage, and constraints of financial and human capital.
The ADB assisted these countries in terms of loans and technical assistance  aimed at improving the operational and financial performance of water utilities, enabling them to provide better services to their clients and to become less dependent on government subsidies. However, it was evident that institutional and infrastructure changes were in order for these goals to be achieved.
Topic: Water; Capacity Building Topics old

Capacity Building for the Water sector in Mexico: An analysis of recent efforts

Present and future improvements in efficiency of the water sector in Mexico  depend on the development of a cadre of well trained professional managers in the public and private sectors, as well as the strengthening of the private and public sector institutions. This paper analyses several important exercises on capacity building in Mexico which took place during the decade of 1990-2000.
Author: Cecilia Tortajada
Topic: Water; Capacity Building Types

Capacity Building for Water Supply and Sanitation Development at Local Level

Throughout Africa, both the engagement of local people in their own development and ensuring sustainability are two enduring problems. To ensure the proper functioning of government, particularly at local level, and the efficient delivery of services, the abilities and skills of local people need to be built.  It is important to develop, in conjunction with all role players, a rational and well considered framework for these activities.
Topic: Water; Capacity Building Topics old

Programme on Capacity Building in Hydrology and Water Resource Management

This initiatives hopes to educate and train the relevant personnel about the importance of hydrological activities, and aims to offer support through technical cooperation activities.
Author: World Meteorological Organization
Topic: Water

Water and Sanitation Capacity Building

The goal of the project is to improve health and living conditions in selected communities of Peru by strengthening the capacity of municipal authorities to provide water and sanitation services and by improving water and sanitation infrastructure.
The capacity building is achieved through a mix of training, coaching and learning-by-doing while implementing water and sanitation projects.

The land-use sector within the post-2020 climate regime

This report - conducted by Climate Focus together with UNIQUE forestry and land use - analyses the current status of the land-use sector under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol, and formulates options for how various incentives and systems could be harmonized under a future climate treaty.
Author: Charlie Parker, Eduard Merger, Charlotte Streck, Darragh Conway, Timm Tennigkeit
Topic: Climate Change

Development-Related Postgraduate Courses Educating Professionals for Sustainable Development

This publication lists degree courses, consisting of one to two years of concentrated study, preparing young, academically-trained professionals in leading positions from developing countries for the opportunity to engage in postgraduate education and training in their particular field or profession in Germany.
Author: DAAD
Topic: Education

Resilience in Africa’s Drylands: Revisiting the Drought Cycle Management Model

The African Union’s Policy Framework for Pastoralism in Africa recognizes the economic and cultural importance of pastoralism, and its potential to contribute further to economic growth. The framework promotes risk management in the drylands using Drought Cycle Management (DCM).
Author: Agriculture Knowledge, Learning Documentation and Policy (AKLDP) Project, Ethiopia
Topic: Drought

LVEMPII Community - Driven Development Sub-projects Watch No.1

This brief is a Review of Progress in Implementation of the Community- Driven Development (CDD) type Sub-projects under the Lake Victoria Environmental Management Project Phase II (LVEMP II) within the River Catchments of Nyando (Kenya), Simiyu (Tanzania) and Katonga (Uganda).
Author: East African Sustainability Watch Network
Topic: Awareness Raising; Biodiversity; Climate Change; Drought; Education; Food; Poverty Reduction

African Water Cycle Monitor Tutorial

This tutorial examines the main features of the African Water Cycle Monitor web-interface. Its capabilities include the animation of spatial data information, point data visualization, and download of data in both space and time. It shows not only the historical and present conditions but also the daily and monthly meteorological and hydrologic forecasts.
Topic: Water; Drought

Manual de manejo de suelo y riego deficitario para el cultivo de la quinua

The manual provides an overview of the soil conditions, reports on the problems related to soil and water degradation under current and future conditions. It also gives information on the handling of nutrients for the cultivation of quinoa and suggests soil conservation techniques to reduce the occurrence of erosion.
Author: García M., Miranda R. y Fajardo H.
Topic: Drought; Water; Food

The Biological Management of Soil Fertility Project

The Biological Management of Soil Fertility Project (BMSF) has evaluated novel cropping systems in S.E. Asia to establish their value to resource-poor farmers in the region. It specifically set out to test scientifically  that the observations made in previous research that systems with cover crops appeared to yield better than systems without.
Author: Wageningen University & Research Centre, Research Institute for Agrobiology and Soil Fertility (AB)
Topic: Drought; Food

A Land Quality Indicator for Sustainable Land Management: the Yield Gap

The growing demand for food will place a heavy burden on the soil, and the reliance of food produc¬tion on external inputs is bound to grow. Improper management leads, however, to deterioration of the quality of land and seriously threatens future agricultural production. To guide policy measures and farmers’ decisions on land use, integrative measures of the current status of land quality and its change over time are needed. In this report a Land Quality Indicator (LQI) for the productivity of agricultural land is defined and applied to Sub-Sahara Africa.
Author: P.S. Bindraban, A. (Jan) Verhagen, P.W.J. Uithol & P. Henstra
Topic: Drought

Climate Change Vulnerability and Capacity in the Arid and Semi-arid Lands

This new report presents the findings from Garissa County, in the arid and semi-arid lands of Northern Kenya.  The report explores the impact of climate change on the lives of pastoralist and agro-pastoralist communities and their inherent and growing capacity to adapt to the changes and uncertainties they are facing, with case studies from two communities.
Author: Emma Bowa
Topic: Climate Change; Poverty Reduction

Improving Measurement and Reporting of Progress for the UNCCD

How does the UNCCD measure and report progress in its implementation? A new publication explores and condenses the experiences of the UNCCD and the progress made towards advanced evidence and results-based management with the introduction of a new reporting and monitoring system, the Performance Review and Assessment of Implementation System (PRAIS).
Topic: Awareness Raising; Biodiversity; Climate Change; Drought; Education; Food; Forests; Gender; Migration; Poverty Reduction

¿Cuáles son las principales causas de la desertificación?

La desertificación se produce como consecuencia de una combinación de factores sociales, políticos, económicos y naturales que varían según el lugar y evolucionan con el tiempo. Entre ellos se encuentran factores indirectos como la presión poblacional, factores socioeconómicos y políticos, el comercio internacional y factores directos como la distribución de los usos del suelo y las técnicas de explotación o los procesos relativos al clima.
Author: GreenFacts
Topic: Drought

¿Qué es la Desertificación?

Nuestro planeta pierde su nombre: la tierra fértil se está degradando. Según las estimaciones, 24 billones de toneladas de suelo fértil desaparecen cada año y durante los últimos 20 años se ha perdido una superficie equivalente a la superficie agrícola de los Estados Unidos. Aproximadamente, un tercio de las tierras del planeta se encuentra amenazado por la desertificación. Dicho de otro modo, la desertificación afecta hoy en día a un cuarto de la superficie total del globo.
Author: UNESCO
Topic: Drought

Adoption of Sustainable Agricultural Land Management, v1.0

The methodology quantifies the GHG emission reductions of sustainable land management practice activities that enhance aboveground, belowground and soil-based carbon stocks of agricultural areas. The methodology applies input parameters to analytic, peer-reviewed models to estimate the organic soil carbon density at equilibrium in each of the identified management practices in each land use category.
Author: BioCarbon Fund, World Bank
Topic: Food; Drought; Forests

Facts on Desertification

Desertification is the persistent degradation of dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and human activities. This publication of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) produced in 2005 by a large international panel of scientists anwers the questions: How are desertification and human well-being linked, who is affected by desertification, what are the major causes of desertification, and How can we prevent or reverse desertification, among other topics.
Author: GreenFacts
Topic: Drought

Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration

Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) involves cultivating Useful trees by pruning shrubby regrowth sprouting from tree stumps and roots. It is a method of regenerating cut trees using left over roots and seeds. Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration is best run by famers to attain better results.
Author: Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR)
Topic: Food; Drought; Climate Change; Biodiversity; Awareness Raising; Education; Forests; Poverty Reduction

Lutter contre la désertification

La lutte contre la désertification est assez significative des enjeux du développement durable. Il s'agit de produire pour garantir des niveaux de vie décents à une population aux conditions de vie souvent misérables, tout en maintenant, voire en restaurant, le niveau des ressources.
Author: Centre de oopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD)
Topic: Drought

National Drought Mitigation Center at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln: Drought Basics

Drought is a normal, recurrent feature of climate. It occurs almost everywhere, although its features vary from region to region, and defining it can be difficult. This online resource gives you an insight on the definition of drought, the types of drought, predicting drought, and definitions related to climatology.
Author: National Drought Mitigation Center
Topic: Drought

National Drought Mitigation Center at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln: Drought for Kids

The National Drought Mitigation Center offers a section on its website for kids with basic information related to drought, so that they can explore the issue of drought and land degradation in an easy way. The website covers relevant topics on: Weather and Climate, the Water Cycle, Causes of Drought, and Droughts and Floods.
Author: The National Drought Mitigation Center
Topic: Drought

Discussion Document: Towards a European Drought Policy

This document invites a wider discussion about how droughts are addressed accross all EU policy areas, and the need for a specific European Drought Policy.
Author: Euraqua Network
Topic: Drought

The Impact of Drought on Sub-Saharan African Economies: A Preliminary Examination

This paper reports the findings of an exploratory study of the nonagricultural or economywide macroneconomic impact of droughts in Sub-Saharan Africa. It provides insights into the impact of drought in Sub-Saharan Africa in the past and suggests policy options for dealing with future droughts.
Author: Charlotte Benson, Edward Clay
Topic: Drought

European Climate Diplomacy: Building Capacity for External Action

Climate change policy-making has traditionally been the remit of environment ministries, but foreign ministries can play a valuable role in climate diplomacy by signalling high-level political commitment, contributing a better understanding of the interests and domestic drivers of climate policy in partner countries, and adding a more significant strategic dimension to climate diplomacy.
Author: Diarmuid Torney
Topic: Climate Change; training in capacity building

Meeting the Challenges of Transdisciplinary Knowledge Production for Sustainable Water Governance

The study draws on the experiences of 5 large transdisciplinary water governance research projects conducted in Austria and Switzerland (Alp-Water-Scarce, MontanAqua, Drought-CH, Sustainable Water Infrastructure Planning, and an integrative river management project in the Kamp Valley).
Author: Renate Renner , Flurina Schneider , Daniela Hohenwallner , Christian Kopeinig , Sylvia Kruse , Judit Lienert , Steffen Link and Susanne Muhar
Topic: Food; Drought; Climate Change; Education

WHITE PAPER I: Economic and Social Impacts of Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought

This document evaluates the economic and social benefits, and costs of Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought. It is of vital importance to raise awareness on the issues,  not only on the negative impacts of Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought in terms of socio-economic development, but also on the opportunities that they may create to help to guide current and future land management.
Author: Pak Sum Low, Chair, Working Group I For chapter authors see p. vi
Topic: Climate Change; Food; Migration; Gender; Poverty Reduction; Awareness Raising

Guía: Lucha contra la desertificación y la pobreza

This guide invites you to consider the importance of combating land degradation in development cooperation. Combating desertification is to bet on a long-term development.
Author: Celia Barbero- Fundación IPADE
Topic: Poverty Reduction; Drought

IFDD: Guide des négociations / Guide to the negotiations

​Les guides produits dans cette collection ont pour but d'aider les participants aux grandes conférences de UNCCD.
Guides for policymakers and guide to the negotiations UNCCD COP11.
Author: Institut de la Francophonie pour le développement durable (IFDD)
Topic: training in capacity building

Teaching desertification: An investigation of teacher and classroom attributes, instructional strategies, locus of control, attitudes, and self-efficacy of Namibian junior secondary school teachers

The purpose of this study was to investigate the direct and indirect effects of teacher attributes (teaching experience, age, and science content preparation), classroom attributes (grade level, class size, and teaching resources), and instructional strategies on Namibian junior secondary school teachers' locus of control, attitudes toward desertification, and self-efficacy.
Author: Shimwooshili Shaimemanya, Cornelia Ndahambelela
Topic: Awareness Raising; Climate Change; Education; Biodiversity

The Economics of Desertification, Land Degradation, and Drought: Toward an Integrated Global Assessment

This report conceptualizes the economic valuation of Desertification, Land degradation and Drought (DLDD) in terms of its association with the change in productivity and with changes in the provision of ecosystem services and the human benefits derived from them. Ecosystem services comprise provisioning (agricultural output, fuel wood, fresh water, and so on), supporting (such as soil formation, nutrient cycling), regulating (such as water and climate regulation), and cultural services.
Author: Ephraim Nkonya, Nicolas Gerber, Philipp Baumgartner, Joachim von Braun, Alex De Pinto, Valerie Graw, Edward Kato, Julia Kloos, Teresa Walter
Topic: Biodiversity; Climate Change; Drought; Food; Poverty Reduction

The Economics of Land Degradation: An Issue Paper for Global Soil Week, Berlin November 18. – 22., 2012

Key objectives of this Issue Paper and of a proposed related global assessment of the Economics of Land Degradation (ELD) are: first, to raise awareness about the need for and role of an assessment of the economic, social and environmental costs of land degradation; and second, to propose and illustrate a scientific framework to conduct such an assessment, based on the costs of action versus inaction against land degradation. Preliminary findings suggest that the costs of inaction are much higher than the costs of action.
Author: Joachim von Braun, Nicolas Gerber, Alisher Mirzabaev, Ephraim Nkonya
Topic: Biodiversity; Climate Change; Drought; Food; Poverty Reduction

Economics of Land Degradation Initiative: Methods and Approach for Global and National Assessments

The purpose of this paper is to provide sound and feasible standards for a national and global assessment approach of the economics of land degradation. The paper identifies minimum standards that need to be adhered to in all country case studies to deliver comparable material for international assessment.
Author: Ephraim Nkonya, Joachim von Braun, Alisher Mirzabaev, Quang Bao Le, Ho Young Kwon, Edward Kato, Oliver Kirui and Nicolas Gerber
Topic: Climate Change; Drought; Food; Poverty Reduction; Awareness Raising

Crowdfunding for Climate Change

Is crowdfunding a new source of funding for climate action at the local level?
Author: Konrad von Ritter and Diann Black-Layne
Topic: institutional capacity building; research on capacity building

CSO's Guide: "How to use the UNCCD Capacity Building Marketplace?"

The UNCCD Capacity Building Marketplace is a platform for matching of capacity building needs with possible solutions, thus playing a fundamental role in achieving the goals of the UNCCD.

This document provides guidelines for Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) on how to use the UNCCD Capacity Building Marketplace. The guide describes the procedures to find and/or publish different opportunities related to capacity building to the UNCCD process.
Author: UNCCD Capacity Building Officer
Topic: training in capacity building

Investigating Capacity to use Evidence

Support for the use of research evidence has been a major feature of international development efforts in recent years. While much attention has been paid to strengthening the supply of research information, there is also a need to ensure that policy makers and other users are able to demand and use research. This has led to many capacity building programmes aimed at improving these skills. There is, however, relatively little research examining actual capacity to access, evaluate and use research evidence as a basis of deciding what skills need to be supported.
Author: Fran Deans and Alexander Ademokun
Topic: research on capacity building

Arid zone forestry: A guide for field technicians

This is a Manual prepared as a working guide for field technicians involved in arid zone forestry practices. It is more a "here's how" publication than a detailed explanation of the theory and practice of forestry.
Author: FAO
Topic: Forests; Biodiversity; Education

Breading rice for drought-prone area environments

This manual aims to help plant breeders develop rice breed varieties with improved yield under drought, and produce high yields in the good seasons.
Author: Edited by K.S. Fischer, R. Lafitte, S. Fukai,
Topic: Drought; Food; Awareness Raising

Integrated Indicators for the Estimation of Vulnerability to Land Degradation

Assessment of the vulnerability to land degradation of a typical Mediterranean environment using a modified version of the ESA model
Author: Vito Imbrenda, Mariagrazia D’Emilio, Maria Lanfredi, Tiziana Simoniello, Maria Ragosta and Maria Macchiato
Topic: Education; Climate Change

Atmospheric Aerosol Optical Properties and Climate Change in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions

Study analyzing ground measured aerosol optical thickness, angstrom exponent and size distribution data obtained from AERONET (Aerosol Robotic Network), Sun-photometer site at arid region of Mongolia in order to characterize aerosol optical properties

Author: Tugjsuren Nasurt
Topic: Climate Change; Drought; Migration

Harnessing Earth Observation and Satellite Information for Monitoring Desertification, Drought and Agricultural Activities in Developing Countries

A useful publication to strengthen the capacities of the regional scientific community to provide stakeholders from drought to agricultural activities with satellite information that is directly useful to improve decision-making in the context of the developing countries.
Author: Humberto Barbosa, Carolien Tote, Lakshmi Kumar and Yazidhi Bamutaze
Topic: Awareness Raising; Education

Analysis of Rocky Desertification Monitoring Using MODIS Data in Western Guangxi, China

​A case study that applies MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data in the western Guangxi of southwest China for the first time to monitor the rocky desertification with the change of land cover types.
Author: Yuanzhi Zhang; Jinrong Hu; Hongyan Xi; Yuli Zhu and Dong Mei Chen
Topic: Forests; Climate Change

Sustainable Use of Natural Resources of Dryland Regions in Controlling of Environmental Degradation and Desertification

Chapter 4 of the publication "Sustainable Natural Resources Management" reviews the land-use issues, assesses the weaknesses, and reviews the options available for the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources in the dryland regions of the world.
Author: Peter F. Ffolliott
Topic: Biodiversity; Climate Change; Drought; Forests

Open Access publication on Soil Health and Land Use Management

This book showcases a multidisciplinary composition of current trends in soil health.
Author: Edited by Maria C. Hernandez-Soriano
Topic: Drought; Forests; Water

Looking Beyond the Horizon: How Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Responses Will Reshape Agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

In parts of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, climate change is poised to hamper food production and curb rural incomes over the next decades unless farmers get the help they need through improved water management and irrigation infrastructure, wider access to technology and information, and better land management and farming practices. Although governments throughout the region face rapidly narrowing windows of opportunity to protect farmers from climate change, there are actions that can be taken now to promote a new “climate-smart” approach to agriculture that improves agricultural productivity in today’s climate, while building resilience to climate change and reducing carbon emissions.
Author: William R. Sutton, Jitendra P. Srivastava and James E. Neumann
Topic: Climate Change; Food

The Least Developed Countries Report 2012: Harnessing Remittances and Diaspora Knowledge to Build Productive Capacities

The least developed countries (LDCs) are a group of countries classified by the United Nations as least developed in terms of their low gross domestic product per capita, weak human assets and high degree of economic vulnerability.
The Least Developed Countries Report 2012 addresses the issues of remittance flows to LDCs and the potential role of diasporas in LDCs’ development. It argues that with the right policies and international support, LDCs could enhance the benefits from remittances and the knowledge and know-how accumulated in their diasporas. Using evidence and policy lessons from other countries, the report shows how LDCs could better harness remittances and diaspora knowledge to build their productive capacities.
Author: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
Topic: Capacity Building Types

Capacity building for a Green Economy

This report has been prepared by the Trade, Policy and Planning Unit of the United Nations Environment Programme. It is a key component of the “Green Economy and Trade Opportunities Project”. It aims to assist governments, the private sector and another stakeholders to build capacity to take advantage of sustainable trade opportunities at the national, regional or international level; Identify a range of international trade opportunities in various key economic sectors associated with the transition to a green economy; and, Identify policies and measures that may act as facilitators and overcome hindrances to seizing trade opportunities arising from the transition to a green economy
Author: UNEP, 2013, Green Economy and Trade: Trends, Challenges and Opportunities
Topic: Forests; Food; Renewable Energy

Economic Valuation of Land: An Innovative and Scalable Approach to Advance Sustainable Land Management

Contribution of the Global Mechanism of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) to the global study on Commercial Pressures on Land.
Author: C. Mersmann, S. Quatrini, B. Buric, J. Schild, A.Asen
Topic: Drought; Climate Change; institutional capacity building

The OSLO Valuation Methodology

Methodology for assessing costs of degradation and benefits of sustainable land mangement
Author: Stacey Noel and John Soussan
Topic: Biodiversity; Drought; institutional capacity building

Toolkit and Guidance for Preventing and Managing Land and Natural Resources Conflict

This Guidance Note provides a framework for understanding and addressing land and natural resource-related grievances and conflicts through a holistic, systematic approach. While the main emphasis is on violent conflict, the Guidance Note may also be useful in a variety of other situations characterized by significant land-related grievances, but which are not currently or openly violent.
Author: Senior officials of the EU and UN
Topic: training in capacity building; institutional capacity building; Migration; Drought; Gender; Food

Understanding Adaptation Practices in Arid Land ecosystem

Arid ecosystem covers one third of the Earth’s surface and is the home town of majority of the population of the world. This ecosystem is also important because it has significant roles in land and water resources management. However, due to anthropogenic land use activities or shifting climate conditions, the features of the ecosystem change and cause diminished vegetative cover, reduced productivity, increased soil erosion, invasion of exotics, and loss of native species. Moreover, in the recent years, earth’s vegetative cover may exceed the ecosystem’s capacity to adapt, which happens through the consequence of rapid land degradation along with desertification. Therefore, this chapter provides how different regions endeavor with this arid ecosystem by performing various adaptation practices.
Author: Umma Habiba, Aki Kogachi, Nguyen Huy, Rajib Shaw
Topic: Biodiversity; Drought

The Role of Ecosystems in Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction

In the context of natural disasters and climate change, ecosystems are critical natural capital because of their ability to regulate climate and combat natural hazards. This chapter examines the important role of ecosystems and their services in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. It discusses the relevance of adopting ecosystem-based approaches in managing risks brought about by a changing climate.
Author: Noralene Uy, Rajib Shaw
Topic: Climate Change; Biodiversity

UNCCD: Short Guide for Chairs

This is a guidelines for participants, who may be selected as chairs, for UNCCD meetings. The guide describes the process, structure and procedurs of UNCCD meetings, and provides guidelines and background information.
Author: UNCCD Capacity Building Officer
Topic: training in capacity building

Capacity Building Modules in Nigerian Forest Services: Basics, concepts and methods

Capacity building is the array of instruments deployed to equip institutions with skills which allow them to fulfill the goals set for them. It is central to sustainable development.On the other hand, capacity is the ability to do something. The forest service reliance on well-trained and oriented personnel is therefore no exception. Inadequate institutional capacity has mostly impeded the establishment of sustainable forest development programmes, and forest administrations cannot therefore cope with all their responsibilities. The history of effective forestry projects and their implementation has been chequered. The principal objective of the book is to evaluate existing capacities of state forest services, their inherent deficiences and promising determinants for rejuvenation and improved productivity on a sustainable basis. The book should be especially useful to forest managers, Policy makers and other stakeholders to evolve a proper framework for an effective sustainable management of our forest resources.
Author: Johnson S. Alao
Topic: Forests

Capacity Building in National Environmental Policy- A Comparative Study of 17 Countries

This book provides a systematic description and analysis of the development of national environmental policies in seventeen countries in terms of capacity building. It covers a broad spectrum of different types of countries, ranging from advanced industrial, newly industrializing and transition countries to developing countries, representing all continents. This allows the reader to draw conclusions about the chances of an effective global environmental policy, the interrelationship between economic and environmental development as well as the importance of globalization, new forms of governance, and democratization for sustainable development. The editors deliver a broad cross-national survey covering altogether thirty countries and focussing on the diffusion of environmental innovations, the globalization of environmental policy, and the worldwide convergence of basic environmental policy patterns.
Author: Helmut Weidner, Martin Jänicke et al.
Topic: training in capacity building; Education

Capacity Building for Sustainable Development: An Overview of UNEP Environmental Capacity Development Activities

This publication details the broad scope of UNEP's capacity building for wise environmental management. Within these pages, governments, intergovernmental organizations, national, regional and global institutions, academia, civil society and the pivate sector, will find ideas and examples of how UNEP can help their plans and aspirations for a better, more sustainable world get implemented.
Topic: training in capacity building; Education

Training Module: Introduction to Capacity Building for Environment, Trade and Sustainable Development

This introductory training module is designed to support capacity building for trade, environment and sustainable development. It is a part of UNEP's larger initiative for capacity building on integrated policy design and implementation. It inculdes a Ring-binder and a CD-ROM.
Topic: training in capacity building; Education

Profiles and Experiences in ICT Innovation for Poverty Reduction

The initiative “Information and Communication Technologies for Poverty Reduction” was developed under UNESCO’s cross-cutting theme on the eradication of poverty, especially extreme poverty. It is aimed at combining research with technological and social innovation to develop ICT models that empower people living in poverty. The network of research and innovation sites has been spread across nine locations in South Asia, including India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan. The focus has been made less on technology itself than on its practical application and usage by the poor.
Author: Ian Pringle, Savithri Subramanian
Topic: training in capacity building; Poverty Reduction

World Bank Support for Capacity Building in Africa: An OED Evaluation

African countries need to improve the performance of their public sectors if they are going to achieve their goals of growth, poverty reduction, and the provision of better services for their citizens. Between 1995 and 2004, the Bank provided some $9 billion in lending and close to $900 million in grants and administrative budget to support public sector capacity building in Africa. This evaluation assesses Bank support for public sector capacity building in Africa over these past 10 years. It is based on six country studies, assessments of country strategies and operations across the Region, and review of the work of the World Bank Institute, the Institutional Development Fund, and the Bank-supported African Capacity Building Foundation.
Author: Catherine Gwin
Topic: training in capacity building; Poverty Reduction

Building Capacity to Monitor Water Quality- A First Step to Cleaner Water in Developing Countries

One of the key challenges to ensuring adequate supplies of fresh water and sanitary wastewater systems is to build the capacity of various stakeholders to manage and deliver water and sanitation services. One element of such capacity building is technology which includes the wide deployment of water quality monitoring and analysis equipment. This report explores four cases in China, India, Malaysia, and Chinese Taipei, where water-quality monitoring and protection capacity has been improved through the use of imported water-quality monitoring equipment combined with indigenous implementation.
Author: Jim Hight, Grant Ferrier
Topic: training in capacity building; Water

Building Science, Technology and Innovation Capacity in Rwanda: Developing Practical Solutions to Practical Problems

This book offers insights into the capacity building process and shows that science, technology and innovation (STI) capacity building is not a luxury activity suitable primarily for wealthy countries but an absolute necessity for poor countries that hope to become richer.
Author: Alfred Watkins, Anubha Verma
Topic: training in capacity building; Poverty Reduction

Science, Technology, and Innovation: Capacity Building for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction

This book summarizes, and highlights main messages from, a February 2007 Global Forum convened by the World Bank to discuss strategies, programs, and policies for building science, technology and innovation (STI) capacity to promote sustainable growth and poverty reduction in developing countries.
Author: Alfred Watkins, Michael Ehst
Topic: training in capacity building; Poverty Reduction

Building Capacity - Using TEFL and African Languages as Development-oriented Literacy Tools

Building Capacity promotes the vision that the teaching of African languages can best achieve its aim of boosting the economic and cultural development of the Africans, if they are made to work in synergy with a revamping of the course contents of international languages that will be taught within the frame of a development-oriented literacy curriculum. Great emphasis is put on the oral skills in the use of African languages, as they are to serve as a link between the community and the school for the ultimate revitalization of the positive aspects of African cultures in a world beset by globalization. The book is supplemented with a sample of texts in the appendix intended as a bridge between formal texts taught in classrooms and literacy texts that can raise the genuine interests of the local populations. In that, they address their immediate needs. Among the possible topics language teachers are encouraged to explore in their classes are those concerning economic development, but also such issues as health, education, the environment, food security, and conflict resolution.
Author: Ngessimo Mathe Mutaka
Topic: training in capacity building; Education

Education for Rural People- The Role of Education, Training and Capacity Development in Poverty Reduction and Food Security

This publication was developed to assist policy-makers in dealing with rural poverty, food insecurity and education challenges, confronting the rural people. It seeks to address the correlation between education, empowerment and food security, mainly through a number of “good practice” case studies from all over the world. It is about strengthening their capacity to achieve food security.
Author: Lavinia Gasperini, David Acker
Topic: training in capacity building; Food; Poverty Reduction

Community Capacity Building- Creating a Better Future Together

Community capacity building (CCB) is a fairly new term for an age-old good: enabling people to define their own destinies. This book analyses some of the most interesting recent developments in the field of community capacity building, in a variety of OECD and non-OECD countries. The focus is on how CCB has effected change in three major areas: social policy (health, housing, community regeneration); local economic policy; and environmental policy. The book also outlines the common conditions required for CCB to take hold and thrive, allowing for the political voice of local communities to be clearly heard.
Author: Antonella Noya, Emma Clarence, Gary Craig
Topic: training in capacity building; Education

A Good Practice Guide- Pastoralism, Nature Conservation and Development

This guide addresses the linkages between pastoralism, biodiversity and development/ poverty reduction. It aims to raise awareness of tools relevant to the pastoralism sector, which have demonstrated benefits to biodiversity as well as development.
Topic: training in capacity building; Poverty Reduction; Biodiversity

How to note- Capacity Building in Research

The purpose of this "How to note" is to provide guidance to DFID staff, Research Programme Consortia and multi-organizational research groups, with partners in both the North and South, on the importance of Capacity Building. It sets out a step by step approach on how it might be tackled, explains some tools and concepts that may be useful and includes good practices examples of CB which illustrates the richness and complexity of the process.
Topic: research on capacity building; Education

Research and Capacity Development on Water Resources Management by the United Nations University: Focus on Africa

This publication addresses the concerted efforts to bring together the activities of UNU on water in Africa, as showcased at the 12th WaterNet Symposium in October 2011. WaterNet is a regional network of university departments and research and training institutes in Southern and East Africa that specialise in water. The network aims to build regional, institutional and human capacity in integrated water resources management (IWRM) through training, education research and outreach by harnessing the complementary strengths of member institutions in the region and elsewhere. At the time of the symposium, UNW-DPC brought together six UNU institutes and programmes to showcase and discuss with scientists and decision makers their examples of water-related reserach and capacity development.  
Author: Reza Ardakanian, Jens Liebe
Topic: training in capacity building; Education; Water

Global and EU Governance for Sustainable Forest Management - with a case study on capacity building in Southern Sudan -

The purpose of writing this book was to produce information on and practical recommendations for informed decision-making on and capacity building for sustainable forest management (SFM) and good forest governance. This was done within the overall global framework for sustainable development with special emphasis on the EU-Africa relations and on Southern Sudan in particular. The case study on Southern Sudan focuses on local, national and regional issues encompassing interviews and group discussions with local community members and government officials in Renk County in Upper Nile State. As a whole, this book attempted to link the roles of global, regional, national and local levels with the forest-sector development. In this, an emphasis has been put on the analysis of international policy development in environmental and forestry issues, and its impact on the progress towards SFM and good forest governance, for the specific case of Southern Sudan.
Author: Roope Husgafvel 
Topic: training in capacity building; Forests

Capacity Building of the farmers- Special reference to a developing country

The study focused at examining the capacity building of the farmers with a special reference to minor crops producers in Bangladesh. The results show that both vegetable and rice producers in the project area experienced a significant increase in profitability compared to farmers outside the project area. The study identified that the components of capacity building play a significant role in increasing technical efficiency. Additionally, inefficiency can be reduced significantly and actual return can be obtained up to maximum level by increasing different capitals of capacity building. Moreover, the study found that majority of the marginal and small farmers are well ahead in improving physical and technical skills at a high level than the medium farmers and therefore, they act as partners in this stage of capacity building. In addition, the farmers with low physical, technical, and communication skills, and the farmers who built up these skills at later life stages, are far behind in achieving maximum obtainable return.
Author: M. Kamruzzaman, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Topic: training in capacity building; Poverty Reduction

Capacity Building Modules in Nigerian Forest Services- Subtitle: Basics, Concepts and Methods

Capacity building is the array of instruments deployed to equip institutions with the skills which allow them to fulfill the goals set for them. It is central to sustainable development. On the other hand, capacity is the ability to do something. The forest service reliance on well-trained and oriented personnel is therefore no exception. Inadequate institutional capacity has mostly impeded the establishment of sustainable forest development programmes and forest administrations cannot therefore cope with all their responsibilities. The history of effective forestry projects and their implementation has been chequered. The principal objective of the book is to evaluate existing capacities of state forest services, their inherent deficiences and promising determin ants for rejuvenation and improved productivity on a sustainable basis. The book should be especially useful to forest managers, Policy makers and other stakeholders to evolve a proper framework for an effective sustainable management of our forest resources.
Author: Johnson S.Alao
Topic: training in capacity building; Forests

Capacity Building for Food Security in Nigeria: The Missing Links

Capacity Building for Food Security and Agro-Inudstrial Development in Nigeria
Author: John Igene
Topic: training in capacity building; Food

United Nations World Water Development Report 4: Managing Water under Uncertainty and Risk

The fourth edition of the United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR4) seeks to offer governments, the private sector and civil society, the tools to response to options to address current and future challenges related to the pressures driving demand for water, and affecting its availability. The WWDR4, which for the first time has been mainstreamed for gender, also seeks to show that water has a central role in all aspects of economic development and social welfare, and that concerted action via a collective approach of the water-using sectors is needed to ensure water’s many benefits are maximized and shared equitably, and that development goals pertaining to water are achieved.
Topic: training in capacity building; Water

Conserving Dryland Biodiversity

Conserving Dryland Biodiversity presents an analysis of the drylands biodiversity. It shows how to conserve biodiversity, while shielding the land from degradation, and improving the livelihoods of the rural people that live there, and directly depend on the land.
Author: Jonathan Davies, Lene Poulsen, Bjoern Schulte-Herbrueggen et al.
Topic: training in capacity building; Biodiversity

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