The fourth edition of the United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR4) seeks to offer governments, the private sector and civil society, the tools to response to options to address current and future challenges related to the pressures driving demand for water, and affecting its availability. The WWDR4, which for the first time has been mainstreamed for gender, also seeks to show that water has a central role in all aspects of economic development and social welfare, and that concerted action via a collective approach of the water-using sectors is needed to ensure water’s many benefits are maximized and shared equitably, and that development goals pertaining to water are achieved.
This publication addresses the concerted efforts to bring together the activities of UNU on water in Africa, as showcased at the 12th WaterNet Symposium in October 2011. WaterNet is a regional network of university departments and research and training institutes in Southern and East Africa that specialise in water. The network aims to build regional, institutional and human capacity in integrated water resources management (IWRM) through training, education research and outreach by harnessing the complementary strengths of member institutions in the region and elsewhere. At the time of the symposium, UNW-DPC brought together six UNU institutes and programmes to showcase and discuss with scientists and decision makers their examples of water-related reserach and capacity development.
One of the key challenges to ensuring adequate supplies of fresh water and sanitary wastewater systems is to build the capacity of various stakeholders to manage and deliver water and sanitation services. One element of such capacity building is technology which includes the wide deployment of water quality monitoring and analysis equipment. This report explores four cases in China, India, Malaysia, and Chinese Taipei, where water-quality monitoring and protection capacity has been improved through the use of imported water-quality monitoring equipment combined with indigenous implementation.
This book showcases a multidisciplinary composition of current trends in soil health.
The manual provides an overview of the soil conditions, reports on the problems related to soil and water degradation under current and future conditions. It also gives information on the handling of nutrients for the cultivation of quinoa and suggests soil conservation techniques to reduce the occurrence of erosion.
This tutorial examines the main features of the African Water Cycle Monitor web-interface. Its capabilities include the animation of spatial data information, point data visualization, and download of data in both space and time. It shows not only the historical and present conditions but also the daily and monthly meteorological and hydrologic forecasts.
This initiatives hopes to educate and train the relevant personnel about the importance of hydrological activities, and aims to offer support through technical cooperation activities.
Throughout Africa, both the engagement of local people in their own development and ensuring sustainability are two enduring problems. To ensure the proper functioning of government, particularly at local level, and the efficient delivery of services, the abilities and skills of local people need to be built. It is important to develop, in conjunction with all role players, a rational and well considered framework for these activities.
Present and future improvements in efficiency of the water sector in Mexico depend on the development of a cadre of well trained professional managers in the public and private sectors, as well as the strengthening of the private and public sector institutions. This paper analyses several important exercises on capacity building in Mexico which took place during the decade of 1990-2000.
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) assisted a number of its Pacific developing member countries in the area of water supply and sanitation. The main issues to be dealt with were water shortage, water and land usage, and constraints of financial and human capital.
The ADB assisted these countries in terms of loans and technical assistance aimed at improving the operational and financial performance of water utilities, enabling them to provide better services to their clients and to become less dependent on government subsidies. However, it was evident that institutional and infrastructure changes were in order for these goals to be achieved.
The project’s main objective is to strengthen the capacities of national planners, policy makers and stakeholders in water-scarce countries in West Asia/North Africa, and to enhance their effectiveness in the formulation, implementation and monitoring of pre-impact and preparedness drought management strategies.