Thematically, the main crosscutting issues under the three conventions refer to scientific development, global, regional and national action, awareness and outreach, climate neutral policies and economic and trade policies of goods and services generated in drylands; these are envisaged to be addressed jointly, taking into account the respective scopes and differentiated mandates.
Coordinated and collaborative action has been already taken place at the level of the secretariats and at the level of the countries. The target policy approach is to utilize the ecosystem approach and services provided by them in the planning and implementing policies, plans and programmes that address the provisions of all three Conventions.
In relation with climate change, biodiversity conservation and DLDD, synergies are found in:
1. Forestry, such as reforestation programmes, avoided deforestation and sustainable forest management, sustainable land management (SLM), rural development, other land use sectors and agricultural production; REDD+, dry forests;
2. Benefiting from mitigation action under the Kyoto Protocol. This includes community non-forest fuel-related / energy efficiency, and bio-fuels;
3. Adaptation through ecosystem approach, resilience capacities, SLM; and
4. Training and education, awareness raising, information and science.
The NAP, NBSAP and NAPA are the implementation vehicles. Action at the national level on the design and implementation of the priorities set forth in these policy tools represent an important opportunity to establish synergy, coherent policy instruments and cost-effective ways for implementation.
At the global scale, concrete inputs on synergy can harness the adaptive capacity (modernization, innovation and focusing on the demands of parties) with the purpose to easing cooperation in dryland ecosystems as regards adaptation and mitigation to climate change and on options for biodiversity conservation.
The secretariats of the Rio conventions are moving forward on practical ways and strategies for implementation of the respective decisions related (directly and indirectly) on Drylands, by addressing common thematic implementation, according to their respective mandates and programmes of work.