Why is Synergy an effective tool for the implementation of the Rio Conventions?
Synergy action among the three Rio conventions has been a guiding principle that has been translated in coordinated action at the local level in the implementation of the conventions. The synergy approach results from the evident need to strengthen and sustainable address the current challenges posed by the intricate relationships of climate change, biological diversity, drought and desertification on the social, economic and environmental fronts.
There is clear convergence of objectives among the three Rio Conventions. Parties to these Conventions have repeatedly called for a firmer convergence of strategic approaches particularly at the country level. Moreover, they have also recognized the need to focus on a broader framework that targets a set of issues, among others desertification / land degradation, protection of biological diversity, climate change and socio-economic development. In order to address the intertwined issues of poverty eradication, sustainable development and environmental security, the three Rio Conventions have expressed been joining efforts in order not to address these issues separately
Since the Rio Summit in 1992, as well as when referring to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, drought and desertification drivers affect ecosystems, sustainable livelihoods of vulnerable populations, women and men, and tend to reduce their resilient capacities, thus incurring in global economic, environmental and social costs. Desertification and drought account for most of the biodiversity loss in dry and sub-humid lands with a loss that carries extraordinary costs that can be translated into the extinction of the otherwise resistant and resilient species that until now have survived and adapted to previous processes of climate change.