It is acknowledged that droughts have caused human suffering since the beginning of man-kind and are a scourge that is still causing havoc as demonstrated by the frequent and severe droughts in the Horn of Africa, the Sahel, the state of California, in the USA, Parts of Asia (DRPK) among others. Drought has major implications not only on lost human lives but, increasingly, in terms of short and long term economic losses. Regrettably, despite experiencing frequent and severe droughts, most countries around the world do not have comprehensive national drought management policies with the exception of a few that include Australia, Kenya and Namibia.
Recognizing the impacts of drought, between 2013 and 2014, pursuant to the outcomes of the High level Meeting on National Drought Police held in Geneva Switzerland from 11-15 March 2013, and decision 9/COP.11 the UNCCD Secretariat in collaboration with WMO, UNW/DPC FAO and CBD, joined hands to undertake capacity building towards helping affected countries to develop their national drought management policies. A number of regional workshops funded by the five collaborating partners were held in Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia and the Pacific and Africa.
Given that Africa is particularly vulnerable, three capacity-building workshops were held to support countries to develop national drought management policies (NDMP). It was envisaged that developing and adopting national drought management policies Countries would be able to move from a reactive response to drought disaster to proactive drought risk reduction based on early warning and preparedness – saving millions of lives and livelihoods. An intense drought does not have to become a cause of death and despair.
For more on capacity development to support National Drought Management Policies, please visit the link