25 years of UNCCD

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On the eve of the World Day to Combat Desertification, the UNCCD library opens the archives to look back the important milestones of the Convention, such as the first scientific evidence of desertification, authentic papers from the negotiation process before 1994 and awareness raising materials. Each month between January and June 2019, the library will display these materials on the 15 floor of the Langer Eugen building in Bonn. Online visitors can find the highlights of the convention's history on this page.

Who said "desertification" first?

The term "desertification" was first used by a French researcher Aubreville in 1949 to describe the process of vegetation cover loss. The term desertification was first applied politically during the Sahel crisis in the 1970s. The UN General Assembly resolution on international cooperation to combat desertification.

Key dates: 

  • 1973 – 1991 pre-convention history. Click here to access the historical records in the UNCCD library
    • 1973 – Five-year Sahelian drought ends
    • 1974 – United Nations Sudano-Sahelian Office (UNSO) is established
    • 1977 – United Nations Conference on Desertification (UNCOD) in Nairobi, Kenya. Plan of action to combat desertification ( PACD) is established
    • 1978 – UNEP creates Desertification Branch
    • 1978 – 1984 First global assessment of Plan of action to combat desertification with recommendations for countries to establish National Plans of action to combat desertification
    • 1989 – Consultative group for desertification control (DESCON) established
  • 1992 – 1994 Rio conventions process/birth of UNCCD
  • 2004 – UNCCD moves to Bonn
  • 2006 – International year of Deserts and Desertification
  • 2010 – 2020 UN Decade for Deserts and the Fight against Desertification (UNDDD)