Benefits and Responsibilities of Parties to the Convention
There are four principal categories of obligations under the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and its regional implementation annexes:
- The common obligation of all Parties, including those unaffected by desertification, are spelled out mainly in articles 3, 4, 12, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19 and 20 of the Convention Text. They relate principally to international cooperation in implementing the UNCCD at all levels, particularly:
- the collection, analysis and exchange of information
- research and technology transfer
- capacity building and awareness building
- the promotion of an integrated approach in developing national strategies to combat desertification
- assistance in ensuring that adequate financial resources are available for programmes to combat desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought/
- Affected country Parties in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, the Northern Mediterranean and Central and Eastern Europe prepare national action programmes (NAPs) and cooperate at the regional and sub-regional levels.
- Other affected country Parties have the option of preparing NAPs following the provisions of the Convention, or more generally of establishing strategies and priorities for combating desertification.
- Developed country Parties have, under article 6, article 20 and other articles, specific obligations to support affected countries (particularly affected developing countries) by providing financial resources and by facilitating access to appropriate technology, knowledge and know-how.
- Parties are obligated (article 26) to report on measures they have taken to implement the Convention. Parties which have prepared NAPs are obliged under article 10 to provide regular progress reports on their implementation.
By acceding to the UNCCD, a Party would have full powers in negotiating at sessions of the Conference of the Parties (COP).
This would allow them to:
- participate in an intergovernmental normative and political process addressing desertification, land degradation and drought;
- influence policies and support mechanisms that target sustainable land management (SLM);
- participate in scientific collaboration focusing on various aspects of desertification, land degradation and drought.