Best practices in sustainable land management
Examples from the SPI report
In 2017, UNCCD’s Science Policy Interface (SPI) published a report showcasing several dozen examples of individual sustainable land management (SLM) best practices selected from scientific journal articles, research papers and SLM databases (including WOCAT). This information is categorised by land use type and technology group.
The WOCAT global database on SLM
The WOCAT database is one of the largest SLM global databases. The database contains more than 2,180 SLM practices from 130 countries, in twelve different languages, including best practices reported by UNCCD Parties.
Best practice examples
Selective clearing involves clearing fire-prone species and planting more fire-resistant resprouter species. This directs the vegetation to later successional stages, which increases the resilience to fires. The goals are to reduce the fuel load and its continuity and to increase the resilience of the vegetation to fires. The cleared vegetation is applied as mulch, which protects the soil from erosion, reduces soil temperature and moisture loss, and enhances carbon conservation. Selective clearing enabled the preservation of desired species, and by planting resprouter species the natural processes can be accelerated. Once established, resprouter species persist for a long time, which increases vegetation resilience to fires.
The planting of trees in a portion of land for various uses, such as for the provision of firewood and building materials. Woodlots are mainly used to provide firewood, timber and building materials, and they also prevent soil erosion through their thick mulch and roots that hold the soil together. Other benefits of woodlots include improving/cooling the micro-climate, air purification, and acting as windbreakers. Tree plants are planted after shallow ploughing (for seeds) or placed in planting pits (for 6-10-week-old seedlings). Weeding is carried out in the first two years and the area is enclosed to reduce the effects of grazing by livestock. Note: For this SLM technology case, the SPI report on Sustainable Land Management and Climate Change refers to: Pandey, J. C. et al. 2014. Pine Briquetting- An Endeavour for Green Fuel. Indian Forester, S.l., 478-482. ISSN2321-094X.