Leaving crop residue on soil to hold down the soil
This method is moderately efficient at low cost and maintenance and easy establishment.
The method has a generally short longevity when used in periods between harvesting and planting preparation.
The method has moderate co-benefits, for instance from the organic material left on the soil improving soil quality.
Can be easily combined with other methods (e.g., wind breaks) and is similar to reducing area or duration of no cover on soil.