Managing number and type of livestock on land
This method has low to moderate efficiency but low cost and maintenance.
Longevity can be short but depends on the number of animals allowed on the land and how often and for how long animals are present.
The method has a moderate level of co-benifits and can be used to can control invasive plants, increase open areas for wild animal grazing and improve soil quality.
The method is easy to establish and can be combined with other methods to a moderate degree.
The number and type of livestock needs to be limited to avoid overgrazing and soil damage.
Livestock numbers and types may vary by season, weather and growing conditions.
May require more direct human management of animals (e.g., goats) to ensure impacts are not concentrated in one area.
Can reduce wildfire risks.