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Excellence M. le Premier Ministre, Excellences, Distingués délégués, Chers collègues, Mesdames et Messieurs, Dans mon discours d’ouverture le 9 Mai, je disais que « la Côte d’Ivoire dispose de ce magnétisme extraordinaire, cette hospitalité exceptionnelle qui explique pourquoi ce pays attire autant de talents et de touristes ». Aujourd’hui, après plusieurs jours passés ici avec des milliers de délégués venus des quatre coins du monde, je suis en mesure de rapporter certains propos répétés des centaines de fois par des anonymes louant la générosité et l’accueil du peuple ivoirien. En tant que Secrétaire exécutif, je ne peux qu’exprimer mon entière satisfaction pour la tenue réussie de cette COP. Je suis fier de ce que je vois, de ce que j’entends, de ce que j’entrevois pour l’avenir de ce pays. Il va sans dire que le chemin a été parsemé d’embûches. Que d’obstacles franchis, que d’efforts déployés pour mettre tout le monde dans de bonnes conditions de travail et de sécurité. Y compris de sécurité sanitaire en pleine pandémie de COVID. Que de patience pour satisfaire aux multiples demandes du Secrétariat de UNCCD, aux exigences de nos partenaires et aux sollicitations de nos Parties. Que de patience pour écouter, comprendre, répondre et satisfaire à des exigences parfois contradictoires. Que n’a-t-il pas fallu faire pour tenir une COP de près de 7000 participants à Abidjan? Construire les salles temporaires, les viabiliser. Amadouer les équipements, dompter les infrastructures temporaires pour qu’elles ne cèdent pas sous la menace des orages tropicaux en pleine saison des pluies! Que dire des vendeuses de Treichville, de Marcory ou de Cocody, si gentilles et si accueillantes ? Qui leur a demandé de se paver de si belles couleurs dont l’Afrique est si fière ? Dear delegates, observers and staff, We made it! to the end of these two weeks and very intense journey – for many of you, a journey that started well before the 9th of May. I would like to thank President Ouattara for holding the High-level Summit, which brought a dozen Heads of State and Government to attend our COP. This was incredible. It shows the growing awareness and the dedication that Heads of State are giving to restoring degraded land. I would also like to thank the people of Abidjan for their incredible hospitality. For the smiles that we were met with each and every day. For the amazing music and beats that marked our tempo. For receiving us and making us feel at home. Since I have the floor, I would like to thank all those that made this COP possible: All colleagues from UN agencies: from UN security to UN conference services, the interpreters, technicians. My sincere appreciation to cleaners, food providers, and to our volunteers who spent this hectic time offering their services and knowledge. A special thank you goes of course to the National Organizing Committee and its 11 national working groups. And to our COP15 President, Mr. Alain Richard Donwahi, for the incredible leadership, which you have already demonstrated. Perhaps the most amazing of all, is the dedication, patience and professionalism of the UNCCD Staff. We actually have less than 70 staff of UNCCD worldwide, for the Secretariat and the Global Mechanism combined. Inclusive of all sources of funding. They are the engine behind this COP. Danke! Excellency Prime Minister, Dear Delegates, At this COP: You ran a Summit of Heads of States and Government Had a High-Level Gender Caucus 5 Ministerial meetings (Dialogues and round tables) You received, at least six weeks before the COP, all documents prepared by your Secretariat; 38 decisions are being submitted to this Plenary for its consideration; 127 side events brought together thousands of participants to share knowledge; Landmark reports were produced, including the Global Land Outlook, the Gender Report, a report on Drought, to name but a few; The Abidjan Legacy Programme which we were honored to contribute to its inception and look forward to continue supporting; In terms of media coverage, our monitoring system picked up over 4,000 articles from 80 countries in over 40 languages; An unprecedented number of interactions happened on social media. A staggering number of close to 170 million people were reached. I am informed that our issues were trending on the global tweetosphere for several hours during the High Level segment. This would not have been possible without your support, the generous financial support of our Parties, donors and supporters. I am aware of the challenges many of you faced. Although we tried to anticipate and address as many issues as possible, we were still confronted with some hiccups along the road. I can assure you that your Secretariat is determined to continue to drawing lessons learned from these experiences and build on them to improve all of our experiences for the upcoming COPs. So, COP 15 has been a great achievement, but it’s also a grave reminder that “much effort, much prosperity” must remain our mantra. Thank you!
Chairman, Distinguished delegates, Distinguished representatives from the civil society and international organisations, I welcome you all to this important session of the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention. Leaning on an idea that the Secretary-General expressed in his recent speech to the General Assembly, I would like to remind everybody who has taken the time and made the effort to join us here in this beautiful country of Côte d’Ivoire, that: we come together at COP or any its subsidiary bodies on behalf of the people of this planet. Citing the charter of the United Nations, the Secretary-General reminded us that all our efforts, our activities and aspirations should be geared towards improving peoples’ lives, enhancing their opportunities for financial growth, but also improving their socio-economic situations at home. The road to this meeting has been long and sometimes bumpy, but together you have laid a solid foundation for our work. The 19th intersessional session of the CRIC, convened in March 2021, had to take place virtually due to the pandemic. Despite the challenges of meeting and exchanging ideas and knowledge online, you, the Parties, expressed appreciation for the fact that CRIC 19 enabled you to come together and prepare substantively for COP. I would like, again, to thank Mr. Andrew Bishop, CRIC Chair for his leadership and the excellent job done at CRIC 19. I would also like to thank the rapporteur of the CRIC, Mr. Hussein Nasrallah, for the excellent job in summarizing the debates which fed into the final report of CRIC 19, and which will be discussed during this session. Mr. Chair, distinguished delegates, Please allow me to briefly highlight the substantive agenda items before us today and in the coming days. We have a lot to cover to provide targeted recommendations to the COP. During this session, you will have the opportunity a to review information on the SDG process and how it links to the implementation of our Convention. We must be proud of that and be proud to have succeeded in directly linking our work with that of the SDG process through the land degradation neutrality target setting programme and national reporting. As of today, a total of 129 countries have committed to set land degradation neutrality targets, 106 of which have successfully completed this voluntary process. In 2019, an analysis of national reports submitted to the UNCCD conservatively estimated that on average 20% of the global land area is degraded to some extent; this is an area nearly the size of Africa. The Global Land Outlook, our flagship report which was launched just a couple of weeks ago, has confirmed that of the 70% of all land on Earth altered by humanity, 20 to 40% of it is degraded. This is daunting. It is thanks to your contribution that SDG indicator 15.3.1 “the proportion of land that is degraded over total land area” was upgraded to the tier 1 level in November 2019. This means that there is confidence in the credibility of the data you provided for this indicator. This is a tremendous success! Without your input, your data or the submission of your reports, this would have not been possible. I would like to thank you wholeheartedly for this and encourage you to contribute to the continuous success of this process by submitting updated information on this indicator throughout the 2022 reporting process. Moving forward in the agenda, you will be able to share experiences and knowledge about capacity building through a panel discussion which will help you identify how to best implement UNCCD’s mandate. During this session, you will also have an opportunity to continue discussing financial issues and review information provided by both the Global Environment Facility and the Global Mechanism on funding opportunities available to Parties for an effective implementation of the Convention. At the beginning of April, 29 countries agreed to pledge the record support of US 5.25 billion dollars for the GEF-8 replenishment period, a nearly 30 percent increase in funding compared to the previous period. The increase in GEF resources comes at a critical moment as many countries around the world are facing multiple challenges – from drought to conflicts, to the ongoing pandemic, all of which could turn policy attention away from sustainable development and land restoration as a vehicle to deliver multiple benefits. With the 2022 reporting process currently ongoing, the issue of national reporting is also high on the agenda of this session. By combining cutting-edge geospatial information, technology and services, our new reporting platform, PRAIS 4, sets the foundations for future innovation in reporting and, more broadly, for a UNCCD data driven transformation in line with the Secretary-General’s Data Strategy. The use of Earth Observation data and tools in support of decision-making and monitoring at the national and global level will not only allow the Convention to continue contributing to the SDG reporting and review process, but it will also aid prioritization of interventions, increase visibility and transparency of progress in the implementation of the Convention, and enhance our credibility at the international level. Last but not least, you will jump start the discussion on the multi-year work plan for the next 4 years which will be taken up by the budget contact group later in this COP Indeed important agenda items that will lead us to take decisions that should prioritize people and ecosystems. The CRIC is central to this important process and I do hope you will be able to seize this opportunity in this beautiful city of Abidjan to do exactly that. Personally, it fills me with pride to see this plenary full of people willing to discuss these important issues, to reach a common approach of how we want to create a better place for people to live and in a sustainable and productive manner. I look forward to your lively debates and fruitful exchanges. Thank you
Excellencies, Distinguished delegates, Colleagues and friends. Welcome to Drought Day – an important moment to discuss how to increase action on drought prevention and resilience. An important moment to showcase effective policies and projects from across the globe. An important moment to send a message to Parties that we need a strong decision on drought at this UNCCD COP. I have vivid memories of the devastation that a drought caused in my hometown in Mauritania in the 1970s. First, our water supply drained. Then our crops failed. Finally, our livestock perished. The risk of famine loomed over our village for months. These memories still haunt me. But for hundreds of millions of people today, these are not memories. They are a brutal reality, and a consequence of the climate and environmental crises. The land is drying up. Fertile grounds are turning to dust. Drought prevails. Friends, If we stay on our current course, more of us will live with extreme water shortages – including an estimated one in four children by 2040. We must act decisively to prevent this future. We must deal with drought, using every tool at our disposal. We know what these tools are. Land restoration is one. A simple and easily accessible one. It removes carbon from the atmosphere, slowing the climate change that drives droughts. It helps vulnerable communities adapt. It increases agricultural production. Land restoration commitments covering almost one billion hectares are in place for the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration. We must deliver on these commitments. But restoration is not enough. We need to protect and manage the land. We need sustainable and efficient management techniques that grow more food with less land and water. We need to change our relationships with food, fodder and fibre – by diversifying our diets and reducing waste, among other measures. We also need coordination, communication and cooperation to deal with the complex causes and impacts of drought. With proactive national drought policies and a joined-up approach to managing natural resources, we can mitigate the effects of drought. We should set up effective early warning systems that work across boundaries. New technologies – such as satellite monitoring and artificial intelligence – offer guidance for early warning and precision for informed decisions. We should also mobilize sustainable finance to improve resilience at the local level. Because investing in soil health makes business sense. According to recent economic analyses, every dollar invested in land restoration can generate up to 30 dollars in ecosystem services. Friends, We are moving forward. 128 countries have expressed political will to achieve or exceed Land Degradation Neutrality. 66 countries have taken part in the recently completed UNCCD’s Drought initiative to shift to a proactive and risk-based approach to drought. But we need to do more. And we will only succeed if we work together. We must commit to pursuing concerted policy and partnerships at all levels. We need to mobilize farmers, local communities, small and medium sized enterprises, consumers, green investors, green entrepreneurs and young people. Today, and at this COP, we have a real chance to drive increased action. So, I ask you to build on the growing momentum. To come out of this COP with a robust and actionable decision on drought. Such a decision – implemented with ingenuity, commitment and solidarity – would take us a long way. It would motivate action towards sustainable practices in land and water management. It would build our resilience to drought and slow climate change. It would allow current and future generations to thrive, instead of just survive. And that, dear friends, is why we are here today. Thank you.
His Excellency Alassane Dramane Ouattara, President of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, H.E. Mr Alain-Richard Donwahi, President of the UNCCD COP15, Excellences, Ministers and Heads of Delegations, CEO of the Global Environment Facility, Dear Delegates, Representatives of International Organisations internationales et de la Société Civile, Chers collègues des Nations-Unies, Mesdames et messieurs les Ambassadeurs de la Terre de UNCCD Honorables invités, Mesdames et messieurs, First, let me offer, on behalf of the Secretariat, my warm congratulations to our new President of COP15, Mr Alain Donwahi after his brilliant election today. We are truly looking forward to working with you and benefiting from your wisdom. Jennifer Richard Jacobson, a Children’s author once said “Elephants love reunions; they recognize one another after years and years of separation and greet each other with wild, boisterous joy.” After a tough - more than - 2 years of separation and difficulty for the whole planet, allow me to greet you and welcome you to Abidjan - and to COP15 - with genuine joy. I mention elephants today because in addition to being magnificent animals and the symbol of our generous hosts - Cote d’Ivoire - they are also the national animal of our outgoing COP President India, whom I would like to thank for their inspirational leadership. Indeed, it is not just our past and current hosts. Many cultures around the world see the elephant as a symbol of strength, intelligence, determination, wisdom, and success. All useful characteristics in the UNCCD process! Elephants resonate with UNCCD on many other levels too. The elephant is the largest land animal. Like humans, elephants need extensive land areas to survive and meet their ecological needs - food, water and space. On average, an elephant can feed up to 18 hours and consume a hundred kilograms of food and 100 litres of water in a single day. So, like us, elephants rely on healthy and productive terrestrial ecosystems. Like us, the elephant can survive only if the land survives. And like us, though led by a matriarch, elephants are organized into supportive, complex social structures. The elephant thrives when the herd is resilient and thrives. Dear Parties, Since our last COP in India, the world has changed. COVID19 has been a major disruptor. Conflicts, disasters and economic crisis have created multiple consequences, including more land degradation in the world. However, the UNCCD family has proved to be remarkably resilient. While it is not the time to trumpet success, I am happy to note major progress achieved in different parts of the world, thanks to you, Parties to, and Partners of the UNCCD. First, we note a remarkable increase in visibility and interest on the issues of Land Degradation and Drought; the issue has risen on the political agenda. The world is looking at this COP15 is an epitome, and this is largely due to President Alassane Ouattara and his Government. Second, the launch -under the Saudi Presidency- of the G20 Initiative on Reducing Land Degradation and Enhancing the Conservation of Terrestrial Ecosystems - to halve the amount of degraded land by 2040 - is an important milestone. We are delighted to host the initiative coordination unit. Third: Large-scale land restoration programs are growing across the world, a clear recognition of their importance as providing multiple solutions to a world in crisis. Take the example of the Africa’s GGW. Last year, while the world was still looking for a vaccine to the COVID19, the Programme received a major political and financial support with USD 19 billion dollars pledged to 2025 at the One Planet Summit in Paris. Similar large-scale initiatives have also been launched in the Middle East, in India, China, Mongolia, Saudi Arabia, Central America and Pakistan, to name just a few. The Launch of the Abidjan Legacy Programme just two days ago comes as a timely addition to an already impressive list. Other potentially game-changing initiatives are being shaped. Fourth: The launch of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration is galvanizing partners around a common and revitalized agenda. We are happy to see UNEP and FAO playing a lead role. Countries and few companies seem to be making determined progress towards the achievement of a Land in balance, otherwise known in the UNCCD as Land Degradation Neutrality. Ladies and Gentlemen, The case for land restoration made by the UNCCD report, the Global Land Outlook, is convincing. From rates of return on investments in restoration at between 7 and 30 USD to the unequivocal evidence on the relationship between land AND climate, biodiversity, food, energy, water, jobs and economy - the case of land has never been clearer. Partnerships with critical technical and financial partners are emerging or evolving to turn these voluntary commitments into action. I congratulate the GEF and its partners for the recent highly successful GEF8 replenishment. But I also warmly welcome those partners increasingly committing to work with the Global Mechanism of the UNCCD. So, despite the challenges of the last 2 years, we have made incredible progress. I thank all of you, dear Parties and partners, for that. But, of course, we there is still much left to do. Excellence monsieur le Président de la République, Honorables délégués, L’autre sujet de grande préoccupation est la sécheresse. Au moment où se tient cette conférence, vingt millions de personnes font face à une sécheresse jamais enregistrée en 40 ans en Afrique de l’Est. Des États-Unis d’Amérique à l’Europe, de l’Afrique à l’Asie, du Moyen-Orient à l’Amérique Latine, les sécheresses entraînent pertes économiques et dommages écologiques, pertes de production et fissures sociales. Dans des cas extrêmes, sécheresse rime avec crise humanitaire, voire pertes en vies humaines. On estime à 650’000, le nombre de décès directement causés par la sécheresse au cours des 40 dernières années. En effet, dans un rapport que nous publions sur la sécheresse à l’occasion de la COP15, les conclusions sont sévères. Au cours des vingt dernières années, le nombre et la durée des sécheresses ont augmenté de 29%. Selon certaines estimations, les sécheresses pourraient affecter trois-quarts de la population mondiale d’ici la moitié du siècle courant. Ces phénomènes climatiques deviennent ainsi de plus en plus violents. Dans les pays plus vulnérables, les sécheresses sont à l’origine de catastrophes humanitaires majeures. Le Groupe de travail inter-gouvernemental que la COP14 avait constitué à produire un rapport, qui est soumis à votre attention. Je tiens à remercier les membres du Groupe de Travail qui, malgré le COVID, ont pu fournir à votre attention un rapport de qualité, destiné à soutenir les Parties dans leurs délibérations. Votre Secrétariat reste naturellement mobilisé pour continuer à faire le plaidoyer à sensibiliser les acteurs politiques et le grand public, sur les multiples conséquences de la sécheresse. Nous encourageons les Parties à développer et surtout mettre en œuvre, leurs plans nationaux de lutte contre la sécheresse. Cette année, dans le cadre de la célébration de la Journée internationale sur la Désertification et la Sécheresse prévue le 17 juin de chaque année, le thème central est justement la Sécheresse. Nous remercions l’Espagne pour avoir offert d’abriter les célébrations globales de la Journée. L’Espagne, à l’instar d’autres pays d’à travers le monde, devriendrait, le temps des célébrations, un «DroughtLand». Des passeports et des visas seront émis pour tous ceux qui souhaitent faire le voyage vers ces pays imaginaires. Merci à l’Espagne et à tous les pays qui offriront des passeports «DroughtLand» Je vous souhaite une très bonne Conférence. Merci.
Excellency, President of UNCCD COP14, H. E. Patrick Achi, Prime Minister of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, Excellencies Ministers, High Level Officials Representatives of International Organisations, Representatives of Civil Society, Ladies and gentlemen, First, I would like to express our sincere appreciation to H.E. Patrick Achi, Prime Minister of Côte d’Ivoire, for honouring us with your presence today. Mr Prime Minister, may I kindly ask you to convey our deep gratitude to the people of Côte d’Ivoire, to President Alassane Ouattara and to the entire Government, for offering us such a warm welcome in this beautiful country. Ministers, Ladies and gentlemen, Every COP is important. Each has its characteristics. To my mind, this one is, however, particularly special. We are still reeling from the consequences of major disruptions that affect our food, energy, industry and economy. From the pandemic to major conflicts. From the climate crisis to nature and land loss. Never before in history, has humanity faced so many complex challenges. Never before, have so many humans depended on so little arable land. Never before, have our land and soils been so damaged. And – fortunately - never before, has a generation been in a such a powerful position to change the course of history for the better. To deploy so much science, knowledge and financial resources in making and implementing the right decisions. The findings of the Global Land Outlook published just over a week ago cannot be clearer: we can either shrink or grow our economy by half. If we continue with current production and consumption patterns, we will also continue to damage the global economy. Already, every second person on the planet is affected by land loss. Which is why, I think this is the most important COP in the history of the UNCCD. In terms of both the complexity and the urgency of the issues we need to address. Indeed, there are less than 8 years and 3 or 4 COPs left to deliver the Sustainable Development Goals. But 20 million people in the Horn of Africa suffering from the most severe drought in over 40 years can’t wait that long. 700 million people would have no choice but to flee, as their productive land degrades. With women and girls still carrying most of the burden and few of the benefits. Let me be clear: this isn’t just the poor peoples’ problem. If global food prices are hurting from the war in Ukraine, how will they react to the US losing 40% of its maize crops to pests? If global health systems and businesses are hurting from the cost of the pandemic, how will they react to paying $2 trillion a year for more zoonotic diseases? And if the global economy is already faltering from pandemic and war, how will it react to output being halved because we mismanaged the natural capital supporting everything we eat and drink; the same land that produces the clothes we wear, and the air we breathe. Excellencies, While the diagnosis is frightening, procrastination and inaction scare me a lot more. The longer we wait, the more complex these issues will be, the more difficult and costly our actions will be, and the more terrifying the consequences will be too. That’s why one of the scenarios in the Global Outlook shows how we can increase global GDP up to 50% by 2050 if we take action now to restore and conserve 35% of our global land. It offers practical and pragmatic solutions to achieve this. For example, over the next 10 years, investing just a fifth of the finances currently spent on harmful subsidies could restore land the size of China - increasing the productivity of our soils and the quality of our food. In other words, investing tax-payers money to protect their assets, not to destroy their lives. Indeed, if we leverage the natural synergies between the Rio Conventions for land, biodiversity and climate change, we can not only reverse destructive trends, but also: accelerate progress across every single Sustainable Development Goal. and multiply opportunities for a sustainable post-pandemic recovery. Excellencies, This COP offers us a unique opportunity to share our combined experiences and renew our collective commitments to protect our planet. To protect ourselves. This High-Level Segment will facilitate open and honest discussions about land regeneration and stewardship, the futures of our young people and our consumption habits, and the path to both drought resilience and economic recovery. But I also need your support to ramp up the speed and ambition of all COP negotiations. The Abidjan COP is a generational opportunity to tackle desertification, degradation and drought. To deliver spill over benefits for biodiversity, security, equality and the economy before climate change tips them beyond our reach. To save lives. Millions of them. Now. And that, ladies and gentlemen is a chance we may never get back. Which is why, I say again, this is the most important COP in the history of the UNCCD. Thank you.
Excellencies, The Great Green Wall is an historic opportunity. An opportunity for the Sahel - and for each of the GGW states - to deliver something truly remarkable. A renaissance for land and the natural world. And - just as important - true resilience and a renaissance for communities on the frontline of climate change and poverty. The GGW is an inspiration and a beacon of hope for humanity worldwide. At a time when people need inspiration and hope. For that Excellencies, you are to be congratulated. However, projects of this ambition and magnitude do not materialize on inspiration and hope alone. They need financial support. Good governance. And coordinated action. The pledges made at the One Planet Summit in January 2021 totaled USD19 billion for the period until 2025. So, while progress is there, we cannot congratulate ourselves. Hope is not yet turning into action at the scale or pace you aspire to. Because collectively, we are struggling to turn those pledges into projects and investments. Understandably, this is leading to frustrations. There are, indeed, lots of bottlenecks. To my mind though, two critical bottlenecks have emerged. Coordination at national level. The complexity of accessing financing – the donor system. Firstly, I am convinced genuine national ownership – led by you, your Excellencies - and a national coalition for action would make progress happen faster. In each country, the GGW is a massive undertaking. With the best will in the world, neither the national Agency of the GGW, as currently set up, nor a single line ministry can make all the necessary wheels turn. At national level, a more joined-up “all of government” response is needed. The Ministry of Planning and Development or Treasury have an important role to play. Along with the Ministry of Environment, Agriculture, Infrastructure or Energy as technical focal points. Concerned local authorities, the private sector, civil society and research should be fully engaged. But government – at all levels – can take steps to assume its responsibilities more effectively. In the case of Senegal, we noted the creation of Presidential Council, led by his Excellency President Macky Sall, that is guiding and accelerating this work in Senegal. Each country will need to establish their own institutional framework. We would however suggest you consider setting up a political oversight, close to you. Secondly though, we would all acknowledge that the current system for accessing the pledged financing is complex and cumbersome at best. International partners are better coordinated than ever around a common results framework. But to access the financing, currently, your officials must navigate the different processes and timelines of the ten international partners who have committed to support you. Accessing much of the funds will take a great deal of upfront investment of staff resources and a considerable time. With your bold and ambitious timeline, this business-as-usual approach will not work. As Heads of State and Government, you might consider requesting the simplification and streamlining of the way financing is channeled to you – potentially through a common window, joint assessment or more co-funding of projects. You may want to task your Ministries in charge of Planning or Economy to lead the Programmatic Coordination with donors. We may need to follow adequate, perhaps specific procedures. It is certainly recommended that each Government set up a robust programmatic team to unlock the financing. Excellencies, a Sahelian renaissance awaits. With the restoration of land and nature and the right investments for a resilient and vibrant future, we can capitalize on the inspiration and hope and the unique opportunity that the GGW offers. Thank you.