This block type should be used in "unccd one column" section with "Full width" option enabled
Вступительное слово на открытии КРОК-21 Исполнительного секретаря КБО Ибрагима Тиау

Премьер-министр Абдулла Нигматович Арипов, господин Азиз Абдукахарович Абдухакимов, министр экологии, охраны окружающей среды и изменения климата Республики Узбекистан, госпожа Мадам Бильяна Килибарда, председатель Комитета по рассмотрению осуществления Конвенции (КРОК), уважаемые делегаты, представители международных организаций, представители неправительственных организаций, наблюдатели! Дамы и господа! Приятно вновь оказаться в прекрасном Самарканде. Я хотел бы поблагодарить правительство и народ Узбекистана за их гостеприимство и легендарную щедрость. Самарканд - один из древнейших многонаселенных городов Центральной Азии - не случайно включен в престижный список Всемирного наследия ЮНЕСКО. Самарканд отличается тем, что является "перекрестком культур". Поскольку культура не существует без природы, этот город на большую часть следующих десяти дней станет одним из центров мира. Центром, где собрались 197 участников Конвенции ООН, посвященной проблемам земли и засухи, чтобы измерить пульс планеты. Пора оценить, насколько деградировала наша земля, насколько разрушена наша экономика, осознанно или неосознанно, намеренно или не намеренно. Пора оценить, насколько устойчив - или, скорее, неустойчив - наш образ жизни.  Пора проверить, сколько резервов и запасов наших детей мы проедаем. Сколько будущего наших внуков мы ставим под угрозу, чрезмерно добывая и эксплуатируя наш природный капитал. Чаще всего мы делаем это из жадности. А не из-за крайней необходимости. Находясь в Самарканде, мы вспоминаем о том, что цивилизации до нас оставили нам пищу, сырье, воду, от которых мы все так сильно зависим! Но пребывание в Узбекистане - это еще и напоминание, как сильно мы уничтожили природу во имя прогресса. Во имя развития и стремления к процветанию. Мы нанесли самые уродливые шрамы на лицо Земли. Одна из таких экологических катастроф находится здесь, в Аральском море. Этот когда-то такой большой пресноводный резервуар, который мы по ошибке назвали морем, сейчас частично заполнен песчаными дюнами. Трагедия, разыгравшаяся всего за одно поколение. Я жду возможности посетить регион Арала, чтобы своими глазами увидеть грандиозные меры, предпринимаемые для уменьшения экологических рисков, связанных с водозабором и чрезмерной добычей воды. Самарканд войдет в историю Конвенции как место, где была организована важнейшая встреча, послужившая ступенькой между COP 15 в Абиджане и COP 16 в Эр-Рияде. В предстоящие пять насыщенных дней ваши дискуссии в Самарканде станут основой для успеха COP, которая состоится в Эр-Рияде в декабре следующего года. Из повестки дня КРОК 21 позвольте выделить два пункта: новый портал данных по деградации земель, который был создан на основе ваших отчетов и данных, собранных по 126 странам. Впервые за всю историю Конвенции мы имеем данные о тенденциях как по потере земель, так и по их восстановлению, представленные нашими сторонами. Хотя эту работу еще предстоит улучшить, первые признаки дают ужасающие цифры: ежегодно деградирует не менее 100 млн га земель. Мы призываем все стороны Конвенции внести свой вклад в подготовку следующего отчета, поскольку эта база данных потенциально может служить мировым справочником по потерям и восстановлению земель. Кроме того, мы заслушаем представителей двух межправительственных рабочих групп - группы по промежуточному обзору и группы, работающей над проблемой засухи. Дамы и господа! Как вы знаете, за последние несколько лет проблемы деградации земель и засухоустойчивости приобрели беспрецедентный размах. Хотя многое еще предстоит сделать, ваша работа никогда не была так заметна, как сегодня. Не только в средствах массовой информации, но в залах заседаний и в коридорах власти. Это свидетельствует о растущей приверженности и внимании мирового сообщества к проблеме опустынивания, засухи и деградации земель. Мир приходит к пониманию того, что эти явления затрагивают всех нас, богатых и бедных, хотя основное бремя ложится на плечи беднейших слоев населения. Однако это понимание сопровождается значительным увеличением нагрузки на Секретариат. Наши сотрудники чувствуют необходимость делать больше, и они делают гораздо больше. Но с гораздо меньшими ресурсами. За последние десять лет наш бюджет в евро не изменился. В действительности же, в стоимостном выражении, бюджет резко сократился, учитывая значительный рост стоимости жизни. Анализ и предложение по бюджету будут представлены к следующей Конференции сторон КС-16. Наконец, позвольте мне сказать, что я горжусь тем, что в Секретариате и Глобальном механизме работают такие талантливые сотрудники. Прошу присоединиться к моим словам и выразить всем благодарность за их нелегкий труд. Дамы и господа, Лучшего хозяина для проведения этой сессии КРОК представить невозможно. У нас не могло быть лучших условий для успешного проведения сессии. Ваши дискуссии и рекомендации в этом великолепном зале, по большому счету, станут той основой, благодаря которой миллионы людей во всем мире получат доступ к здоровой земле и будут жить на здоровой планете. От ваших обсуждений зависит судьба будущих детей. В каком направлении вы хотите их повести? В сторону здоровой окружающей среды, унаследованной нами от предков, или в сторону несчастливой жизни, которую, если не переключим внимание, мы, скорее всего, передадим нашим потомкам. Будущее наступило. Оно буквально в наших руках. Спасибо.

Вступительное слово на открытии КРОК-21 Исполнительного секретаря КБО Ибрагима Тиау
Message to UNCCD CRIC21 from UN Secretary-General António Guterres

Samarkand, Uzbekistan, 13 November, 2023 Leaders have made a promise to the world: to combat the terrible trend of transforming healthy land into desert; to revitalize areas humanity has pushed into degradation and decay; and to create a world that is land degradation neutral. Keeping these promises is vital for nature, and for communities. But we are moving in the wrong direction. Between 2015 and 2019, 100 million hectares were degraded every single year, adding up to an area twice the size of Greenland. If current trends continue, we will need to restore the health of a staggering 1.5 billion hectares of degraded land by 2030. We can and must turn this around. Around the world we see examples of land being given a new lease of life, including in Uzbekistan. And the world could surpass its neutrality target if it works together to halt new land degradation and accelerate restoration. To achieve this, we need governments, businesses and communities to work together to conserve natural areas, scale up sustainable food production, and develop green urban areas and supply chains. I urge all of you to use this intersessional meeting to step up ambition and action to help make that a reality. Together, let’s see degraded lands thrive once more.

Message to UNCCD CRIC21 from UN Secretary-General António Guterres
Presidents of three COPs call for a united approach to climate change, desertification and biodiversity loss

Abidjan, Beijing, Cairo, November 3, 2023  – For the first time ever, the Presidents of the last Conference of Parties (COP) of each of the three Rio Conventions have decided to join forces. With three weeks to go before the opening of COP28 in Dubai, the Presidents: Underlined the urgency of the situation and the inextricable links between climate change, desertification and loss of biodiversity; Called for a coordinated approach both at international and national levels to tackle these issues in a holistic way; Pleaded for more cooperation between the three COPs and their secretariats; And asked for urgent, concrete, measures to protect the world population, environment, lands and biodiversity to ensure a sustainable future for new generations. They did so in a historic joint declaration released today, signed by: Alain-Richard Donwahi, former Minister of Water and Forestry of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire and President of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification’s COP15 (UNCCD) Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Egypt and President of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’s COP27 (UNFCCC) Huang Runqiu, Minister of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China and President of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s COP15 (CBD) At the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio in 1992, the international community decided to create three different conventions to fight climate change, halt desertification and prevent loss of biodiversity. However, as these three phenomena accelerate, the interconnections between them amplify, creating a vicious circle. Breaking this vicious circle requires a holistic vision and a coordinated approach. With this common declaration, the three Presidents hope to open a new chapter in the fight against climate change, desertification and biodiversity loss, one of coordinated efforts to face the urgency. About UNCCD’s COP15 The Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) brings together leaders from the Convention's signatory countries, the private sector, NGOs and civil society. It aims to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought, promote sustainable land management, rehabilitate and restore degraded lands and ecosystems, mobilize financial resources, develop technologies to support affected countries, and strengthen international cooperation and partnerships to address these phenomena. Like the COP on biodiversity, the COP on desertification meets every two years. Its last major meeting was held in May 2022 in Abidjan. From the previous summit until the next held in Riyadh for December 2024, the COP on Desertification has been chaired by the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, represented by Alain-Richard Donwahi. Media contacts: Emilie Villemin +33 6 81 11 68 06  COP15Desertification(at)apcoworldwide.com

Presidents of three COPs call for a united approach to climate change, desertification and biodiversity loss
In Central Asia, female leadership is key to climate and drought resilience

From potatoes grown in recycled sacks to “more crop per drop” fruit tree varieties, climate-smart and women-led agriculture initiatives became the center of discussions at a recent interregional conference convened by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.   Fertile land is a precious commodity in Tajikistan, where 90% of the country's territory is covered by mountains and 60% of the population directly depend on agriculture for livelihood. Agriculture is a major part of Tajikistan’s economy. Can you spot the colors of one of its best-loved crops in the stripes of the national flag?   As heatwaves, droughts and other extreme climate events become more frequent and severe across the globe, regional cooperation and knowledge sharing are becoming a priority in building drought resilience and fighting land degradation.   In response to these growing challenges, representatives of Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan met in Dushanbe, Tajikistan from 1-2 July 2023 to discuss upscaling and coordinating legislative, educational, scientific and technical cooperation aimed at achieving Land Degradation Neutrality.  Water is so precious in Central Asia, some say it’s worth more than gold. Burrowing deep into the soil, this well in the Gissar Valley carries water that contains trace amounts of the precious metal  “Though we come from different climates and landscapes, we are united in the face of climate-induced drought and land degradation. Women who develop and test climate-smart and cost-effective solutions locally should be the ones spearheading regional and global efforts to grow and protect our food in the times of climactic stress,” participants stated.  Reflecting the theme of this year's Desertification and Drought Day “Her Land. Her Rights”, discussions centered on the key role of civil society organizations, particularly those led by women, in harnessing donor financing and advancing legislative action in support of gender-responsive land restoration projects that provide sustainable rural livelihoods.   Apples are the most popular fruit worldwide, and so are new ways to grow them more efficiently  After attending a training series at the Youth Ecological Center in Dushanbe, Mavluda Akhmedova is using the technology of growing potatoes directly in recycled sacks on her homestead in the Dekhanabod village. This approach has proven particularly effective as more frequent and sudden heatwaves and droughts in Tajikistan raise the risk of harvest loss. Growing potatoes in sacks lets the farmers control the temperature and humidity better and is of particular use on small plots where growing space is at a premium.  Greenhouses at the Agricultural University in Dushanbe use the latest technology, encouraging the students to test new approaches to efficient and sustainable crop production   During a visit to an experimental farm in the Gissar District, participants learned how students from Agricultural University in Dushanbe test classroom knowledge to implement the “more crop per drop” approach on their 800 hectares under tillage, including a fruit orchard, a vineyard and pasture.   Nothing tastes better than bread fresh from the oven! Farm-to-table is the way of life at the experimental farm of the Agricultural University of Dushanbe  The university hopes that new investments and focus on research, smart tech and innovation will bring more female students to the classrooms and labs.   Using compact varieties of fruit trees combined with drip irrigation means less water, less labour and less land are needed to produce comparable crop yields  By the end of 2023, Tajikistan intends to complete the process of joining the Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) Target-setting programme, bringing the number of countries who set voluntary LDN targets to 130, including all Central Asian nations.  Furthermore, participation in the World Bank’s RESILAND CA+ Initiative will allow Tajikistan to access the knowledge base of other engaged countries – Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan – and train forest management and rangelands biodiversity specialists. Women are expected to become the majority of RESILAND CA+ projects’ participants and beneficiaries.   Photography by Didor Sadulloev via UNDP Tajikistan

In Central Asia, female leadership is key to climate and drought resilience
Spain’s drought monitoring tool to advance global resilience through IDRA

Madrid (Spain), 30 June 2023 --- The Spanish Government will make globally available a pioneering system to monitor meteorological droughts in real-time, helping other countries build up their early warning systems and adopt a proactive, rather than reactive, approach to drought management. The announcement is part of Spain’s contribution to the International Drought Resilience Alliance (IDRA), a coalition of more than 30 countries and 20 international entities driving drought resilience in the face of climate change. Teresa Ribera Rodriguez, Vice-President of the Government of Spain and Minister for Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge, made the announcement in Madrid during the third meeting of the Intergovernmental Working Group (IWG) on Drought of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). “I applaud Spain's leadership and its drive to share technological innovations and valuable expertise with other regions that, like the Mediterranean, are particularly vulnerable to drought,” said UNCCD Deputy Executive Secretary Andrea Meza Murillo. “IDRA recognizes that countries and communities need to tap into their collective experience and knowledge to move towards a more resilient future. Spain’s move is a step in that direction.” Real-time drought visualizations The system developed by Spanish scientists monitors real-time rainfall and evapotranspiration —the combined loss of water from the soil surface and plants— through satellite data and a series of automated weather stations. The resulting visualizations are freely available online and inform the management of water resources, especially, in key industries such as agriculture. Users can also visualize meteorological drought indexes in Spain since 1961 and download datasets for specific places and times. The tool was launched in 2021 as part of Spain’s National Adaptation Plan to Climate Change, and has since been incorporated into Google Earth Engine, a public platform for the analysis and visualization of geospatial datasets. The contribution of Spain is in line with IDRA’s commitment to the ‘Early Warning for All’ initiative against extreme weather and climate change, launched by the United Nations Secretary-General and overseen by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The WMO is one of the founding members of IDRA, which was launched in 2022 at the initiative of Senegal and Spain. As part of a drive to promote knowledge-sharing, IDRA members are working to facilitate partnerships between technology providers and vulnerable regions to make drought-management innovations available to all. Members have also agreed on establishing communities of practice to foster knowledge exchange and collaboration. Policy options for drought resilience From 21 to 23 June 2023, Madrid hosted the third meeting of the Intergovernmental Working Group on Drought (IWG), which previously convened in Yerevan, Armenia and Bonn, Germany. The Group is working to identify policy instruments that help countries prepare themselves for, and manage, worsening droughts. In 2024, it will present its findings and recommendations to the 16th UNCCD Conference of Parties. No country is immune to drought and its impacts. In Europe alone, economic losses related to drought reach around 6,200 million  euros annually, and the global impacts of this phenomenon are projected to become longer and more severe due to climate change and unsustainable land management. Drought affects agriculture, but also energy, transportation, and tourism, and it directly affects the health of an estimated 55 million people around the world each year.  

Spain’s drought monitoring tool to advance global resilience through IDRA
10th Nevsky International Ecological Congress: Message from Ibrahim Thiaw

Excellencies, dear Friends,   It is a pleasure for me to address you today from the headquarters of the Secretariat of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.  Let me begin by expressing my recognition to the Russian Federation for hosting this event. The Nevsky Congress is a clear testimony of the paramount importance of the environmental agenda.   No corner of the globe is immune from the devastating consequences of climate change, biodiversity loss, land degradation and drought.   Sea levels are rising, oceans are acidifying, the Arctic is melting, forests are burning, weather extremes are intensifying.   Droughts hit everywhere and with more intensity.   Rising temperatures are fuelling environmental degradation and economic deterioration.  Therefore, the theme of today´s meeting “Ecology: a right, not a privilege” couldn’t be more relevant.   We cannot afford to take today´ situation for granted.   Resolute and concerted actions are needed for the sake of present and future generations;   for their right to a decent life and environment.   However, all rights go hand in hand with responsibilities.   And our collective responsibility is to think about our Planet and to take care of the land which belongs to us all.  Without urgent action on how we use and steward our land, we cannot aspire to sustainable development for all.   Land generates the food we eat. Land produces the fibre necessary to our clothing. The water we drink is coming from terrestrial ecosystems.   The quality of the air we breathe also partly depends on the health of our land.   Therefore, I would like to call upon all the participants here today to think about land restoration as a powerful and cost-effective sustainable development tool.   Investing in large-scale land restoration to build resilience to drought, combat soil erosion, and loss of agricultural production is a win-win solution for everybody:   for the environment, for the climate, for the economy, and for the livelihoods of local communities.   Sustainable agriculture and nature-based solutions are a smart way to increase food production, stabilize climate, create employment, and wealth and prosperity.   These challenges are of importance to all.   Ladies and gentlemen,  Next year will mark the 30th anniversary of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.   2024 is also the year of COP16 of the Convention, which will be hosted by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.   The UN Convention to Combat Desertification is the only legally binding global treaty set up to address land degradation and the effects of drought.   Next year’s Nevsky International Congress may therefore be a good platform to discuss these issues. Sharing and enhancing knowledge on drought resilience, sustainable land management and restoration is key to improving land and livelihoods.   UNCCD stands ready to provide it’s support.   I wish you a successful and fruitful meeting and a productive discussion.  Spasíbo. Thank you very much for your attention!

10th Nevsky International Ecological Congress: Message from Ibrahim Thiaw