Vulnerability to Food Insecurity in Mountain Regions: Land Degradation and Other Stressors
Protecting mountain ecosystems, promoting the sustainable use of natural resources and ensuring food security are all global priorities. To this end, Sustainable Development Goal 15 aims to promote actions that ensure the sound and sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems by promoting actions to control land degradation and maintain healthy vegetation cover.
In 2018, action was taken by the Global Mechanism and the Mountain Partnership Secretariat (MPS) to expand knowledge on vulnerability in mountain regions, by undertaking a study to evaluate the actual and potential impacts of its underlying causes (also referred to as stressors). This ongoing collaboration has the objective of sensitizing international and national stakeholders on the risks associated with the increasing frequency and intensity of hazards, as well as on the lack of services and infrastructure in mountain area, which augment vulnerability to food insecurity with serious repercussions on livelihoods and the environment. The detection of areas where the combined effects of these stressors are particularly intense is expected to help governments to set priorities and develop policies to control land degradation in critical areas, preserve mountain ecosystems, improve infrastructures and services, and support local people’s livelihoods.
The study’s findings highlight that government actions to combat land degradation, adapt to climate change, strengthen agricultural value chains and promote economic development are fundamental to reducing vulnerability to food insecurity in mountain regions.