This block type should be used in "unccd one column" section with "Full width" option enabled

Healthy land is central to the wellbeing of the planet’s ecosystems and biodiversity; it feeds us, shelters us, and provides the backbone to a thriving global economy.

When land is degraded or plagued by drought, it loses its capacity to sustain life, which leads to a range of consequences from crop failure to migration and conflict. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) was established in 1994 to protect and restore our land and ensure a safer, just, and more sustainable future.  

The UNCCD is the only legally binding framework set up to address desertification and the effects of drought. There are 197 Parties to the Convention, including 196 country Parties and the European Union. The Convention – based on the principles of participation, partnership and decentralization – is a multilateral commitment to mitigate the impact of land degradation, and protect our land so we can provide food, water, shelter and economic opportunity to all people.  

The Convention unites governments, scientists, policymakers, the private sector and communities around a shared vision to restore and manage the world’s land. This work is crucial to ensure the sustainability of the planet and the prosperity of future generations.


Parties including the European Union


of the UNCCD Parties are affected by DLDD (169 of the 196 country parties)

Further reading


At its thirteenth session in 2017, the Conference of the Parties (COP) adopted the UNCCD 2018−2030 Strategic Framework and encouraged Parties to apply it in their national policies, programmes, plans and processes relating to desertification/land degradation and…

Read More

No country is immune to drought and its impacts. Aggravated by climate change, the impacts of drought are projected to increase in severity and duration, affecting all sectors of society: agriculture, energy, healthcare, transportation and tourism[1]. In the health…

Read More
Learn more


This e-learning course has been developed to provide an introduction to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, its structure and institutions, and the process of its implementation.



Established in 1994, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management. It is the driving force behind Sustainable Development Goal 15…