10 Nguyễn Công Hoan
When we think of climate change, we usually think of melting polar ice caps, glaciers and rising sea levels. But the impacts of climate change are far-reaching, and will also affect forests, and the livelihoods of people who depend on them.
Forests are victims of climate change impacts. At the same time, their destruction contributes to climate change and their sustainable management mitigates climate change.
- Preventing deforestation and forest degradation can mitigate nearly 20% of global CO2 emissions;
- Standing forests can help us adapt by providing valuable ecosystem services.
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) is a mechanism being designed to provide financial rewards to forest owners and users. Under the mechanisms, countries will measure and monitor the emissions of CO2resulting from deforestation and degradation within their borders.
Viet Nam has made clear its position on climate change mitigation and indicated its interest in REDD to the UNFCCC Secretariat in February 2008. Viet Nam is one of nine countries initially identified for country programming under UN-REDD Programme. It was also one of the first countries to receive approval for a Readiness Project Identification Note (R-PIN) under the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF). The Government of Viet Nam, the UN-REDD National Programme and the World Bank will coordinate their support in getting ready for REDD+. Since 2009, many activities have been implemented in Viet Nam to get the country ready for the future REDD+ mechanism.
In 2010, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development established the National REDD+ Network and REDD+ Working Group to create awareness of the REDD+ mechanism and built capacity at national and provincial levels to coordinate activities by ministries, other international agencies and organizations,. The National REDD+ office was established in 2011 to coordinate and manage the process of developing tools to implement Viet Nam’s National REDD+ Program. The various partners are rapidly moving the country forward to make REDD+ a reality in the country.