This paper prepared by UNCCD and FAO highlights that the interactions between human, ecosystems and ecology often govern drought-linked disease. Factoring these interactions and their impacts on vulnerable communities and their environment is important for drought preparedness, resilience, and recovery. It also calls for increased investments and defines important steps for government and international agencies in responding to post COVID-19 period and in building back better for a more drought-resilient society and ecosystems. These steps require cross-sectoral, inter-disciplinary cooperation
The new publication "Restoring Life to the Land – The Role of Sustainable Land Management in Ecosystem Restoration" prepared jointly by UNCCD Secretariat and WOCAT illustrates how Sustainable Land Management (SLM) experience feeds directly into ecosystem restoration efforts, as well as ecosystem maintenance.
SLM has a central role in all the eight United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration ecosystems, through combating land degradation while generating multiple co-benefits including climate change mitigation, resilience, improved biodiversity and enhanced production. In terms of land
It is a revised, upgraded and improved version of Good Practice Guidance issued in 2017. The new version is more advanced in the analytical methods for calculating SDG Indicator 15.3.1, and reflects current best practice, data and knowledge. The purpose of the Guidance is to inform the work of Parties, particularly on monitoring and understanding the status of land cover, land productivity and soil organic carbon stocks. These are the three major variables used to measure the Indicator. They help Parties report more effectively and accurately.
This Good Practice Guidance was prepared to support Parties to report on the progress made towards Strategic Objective 3, which has the aim of mitigating, adapting to, and managing the effects of drought in order to enhance resilience of vulnerable populations and ecosystems. The Guidance informs the work of Parties, particularly for global level reporting of the hazard posed by drought, the population exposed to drought and the vulnerability of those exposed to harm. These are the three fundamental components of drought risk, and each is represented by an indicator identified in the
Land restoration is a proven and cost-effective strategy that can jumpstart a green economic recovery. It creates green jobs, uplifts rural communities, and delivers significant co-benefits for human health, biodiversity, and climate change. Land restoration offers multiple pathways towards a green recovery and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. We have the tools to achieve this - responsible land governance, investments that protect and restore nature, and coherent, long-term policies and incentives – but we must learn from the past.
This brochure provides a brief overview of the UNCCD’s LDN target setting programme and an analysis of response actions identified by 86 countries, highlighting the potential for actionable synergies with the Food Systems Summit. Leveraging LDN Commitments to Boost Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security. The greatest prospects for reversing land degradation, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions and biodiversity loss lie in transforming how we use and manage human, financial and natural capital to produce, distribute, and consume food.
The UN Secretary-General’s Food Systems Summit 2021
Vulnerability to food insecurity is related to a complex system of environmental, social and economic factors, which include, among others, land degradation, climate change, natural hazards, and insufficient access to infrastructure and services. These factors add to the already high exposure of mountain people to multiple risks and reduce their ability to cope with food shortages and other shocks. The COVID-19 pandemic and the restrictions adopted by countries to respond to it have amplified the existing vulnerabilities of mountain communities. Mountain livelihoods – which rely mostly on
The Great Green Wall: Implementation Status and Way Ahead to 2030 launched TODAY 7 September 2020. It evaluates the implementation of a most ambitious project along the southern tip of the Saharan desert in Africa.
The report , which was presented at a virtual meeting of the ministers of environment of the participating countries, takes stock of the progress made to restore land, create jobs and generate income in eleven Great Green Wall (GGW) countries: Burkina Faso, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Sudan. The GGW is an African-led initiative
Land use change is the primary transmission pathway for emerging infectious diseases, and the rate of land conversion is accelerating. Moreover, the foundation for building back better in the face of climate change and the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic will be centered upon future land use decisions. The good news is that governments around the world have already initiated policies at UNCCD COP 14 to strengthen all dimensions of an effective enabling environment that could lead to more integrated land use planning and help us all be more careful about what we do where, by navigating the
Many Small Island Developing States (SIDS) have committed to establishing national voluntary LDN targets. By establishing LDN targets, SIDS have defined their ambitions and key priorities to address land degradation. The LDN target setting process allowed national stakeholders to systematically analyze the causes and effects of land degradation and to come up with evidence-based decisions on what is desirable and feasible to avoid, reduce or reverse land degradation by 2030. Based on an assessment of the actions and priorities identified by SIDS in their national LDN target setting country
This report presents the Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) vision created by Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and shows how SIDS are linking their sustainable land management agendas with areas relevant to achieving their Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Land-use management and the urbanization process are very complex issues for SIDS due to their limited land resources, and the adverse effects of climate change and land degradation now pose an existential threat to SIDS. By setting science-based LDN targets, SIDS have committed to integrated land-use planning, a shift towards
Water scarcity is already widespread and remains on the rise: it is found in nearly every region in the world. Around 36% of the world’s population is currently living in water-scarce regions. This publication shows that avoiding, reducing and reversing land degradation have positive long-term gains in water security. As land degradation and water scarcity are closely linked, and water is the most disruptive element in the on-going climate change crisis, how land is managed plays a major role in taming this disruption.
The report “Land Degradation Neutrality for Biodiversity Conservation: How Healthy Land Safeguards Nature” highlights how LDN can address the priorities of both the CBD and the UNCCD in an effective and complementary manner. According to the report, LDN and the CBD’s 2011-2020 Strategic Plan for Biodiversity have multiple mutual objectives aimed at promoting the sustainable use of natural resources, ecosystems and biodiversity and can therefore strongly reinforce each other. Both also include a commitment to socio-economic goals, including contributing to health, livelihoods and well-being and
Land degradation and biodiversity loss are among the most pressing environmental challenges facing humanity. Land degradation has reduced the productivity of nearly one-quarter of the global land surface, impacted the wellbeing of about 3.2 billion people and cost about 10% of annual global gross domestic product in lost ecosystem services. An estimated 23% of total anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions derive from agriculture, forestry and other land uses, contributing to climate change.
Land-use change, habitat loss and fragmentation and other factors involved in land degradation processes
Protecting mountain ecosystems, promoting the sustainable use of natural resources and ensuring food security are all global priorities. To this end, Sustainable Development Goal 15 aims to promote actions that ensure the sound and sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems by promoting actions to control land degradation and maintain healthy vegetation cover.
In 2018, action was taken by the Global Mechanism and the Mountain Partnership Secretariat (MPS) to expand knowledge on vulnerability in mountain regions, by undertaking a study to evaluate the actual and potential impacts of its
National policies should take a proactive approach to direct and coordinate drought vulnerability assessments with vulnerable groups. This rapid review explores the application of available approaches and methods for assessing drought impacts and vulnerability. It is based on a series of interviews with expert practitioners from different drought-affected regions of the world. This was complemented by a brief review of the relevant published literature and a summary appraisal of the strengths and weaknesses of the range of assessment approaches available. At the present time, most of the
This policy brief summarizes findings from a rapid preliminary review of available approaches to drought impact and vulnerability assessment. The review draws on experiences from different parts of the world. Recommendations focus on the policy needs to enable proactive assessment approaches that can include vulnerable people and work across sectors, scales and timeframes.
Why assess vulnerability to droughts before they happen?To manage drought risks effectively, it is important to understand the likely impacts, who will be at risk, and why. Assessing risks and vulnerability before
These technical guidelines present practical information for supporting the development and implementation of national drought resilience, adaptation and management plans. The accompanying Drought Resilience, Adaptation and Management Policy (DRAMP) Framework documents the recent evolution of drought viewed in the context of disaster risk reduction and proposes a framework that integrates six goals for nations to reduce exposure and vulnerability to drought, increase resilience, transform their economies and political and cultural institutions, develop comprehensive drought management plans
The 2019 edition of the Land for Life Award puts the spotlight on individuals and organizations that made outstanding contributions to achieve land degradation neutrality on a large scale, with long-term changes and dedicated actions for 25 years or longer. Those remarkable projects involve local people, communities and the society, raising the level of their ambition. Meanwhile, recent assessments remind us that two billion hectares of land are now degraded worldwide. This represents an area larger than the territory of the Russian Federation, the biggest country in the world.
Land degradation threatens the livelihoods of billions of people around the world . This is particularly the case for populations living in rural areas where most of the poor people reside: estimates report that 80% of the extreme poor live in rural areas and 65% work in the agricultural sector. Land represents a key asset for the livelihoods of the rural poor, as it provides key resources such as food, energy, shelter, and fodder, among others. Land degradation, however, constrains the supply of these ecosystem services and negatively impacts household income and consumption in many parts of