The Great Green Wall Accelerator
Coordination. Monitoring. Action
The Great Green Wall multi-actor Accelerator, announced by the President of France Emmanuel Macron and other world leaders at the One Planet Summit on 11 January, 2021 seeks to facilitate the coordination and collaboration of donors and stakeholders involved in the Great Green Wall Initiative. From the initial pledge of 14.3 billion announced in January 2021, over 19 billion US dollars have been raised in funding for the GGW to date by several multilateral and bilateral organizations – a major boost for the initiative.
The Great Green Wall Accelerator aims to help all actors for the Great Green Wall (GGW) Initiative to better coordinate, monitor and measure the impact of their actions.
The Great Green Wall Accelerator will be coordinated through the Pan Africa Agency for the Great Green Wall (PAAGGW), with initial support from UNCCD.
Why do we need a Great Green Wall Accelerator?
The Great Green Wall Initiative has evolved from its initial focus on tree planting towards a comprehensive rural development initiative aiming to transform the lives of Sahelian populations by creating a mosaic of green and productive landscapes across 11 countries (Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti) .
Progress has been achieved into the second decade of the initiative, with almost 18 million hectares of degraded lands restored and 350.000 jobs created across the Sahel and the Great Green Wall countries.
However, a recent Landmark Report of the implementation status of the GGW highlighted several challenges in achieving the GGW ambitions, including:
- A lack of consideration in national environmental priorities
- Weak organizational structures and processes for the implementation
- Lack of mainstreaming of environmental change and a$ction into the respective sector strategies, policies and action plans
- Insufficient coordination, exchange and flow of information at the regional and national levels
The report estimates that at least 33 Billion United States Dollars will be required in the next decade to achieve the ambitions of the Great Green Wall by 2030 to:
- Restore 100 million hectares of degraded land
- Sequester 250 million tons of carbon
- Create 10 million green jobs in rural areas
To address these challenges and funding gaps, the GGW Accelerator will be consolidating progress made to date and supporting and scaling up ongoing efforts of the Great Green Wall Initiative and its 2030 ambitions. The Accelerator will monitor and promote investments towards five pillars:
- Pillar 1: Investment in small and medium-sized farms and strengthening of value chains, local markets, organization of exports
- Pillar 2: Land restoration and sustainable management of ecosystems
- Pillar 3: Climate resilient infrastructures and access to renewable energy
- Pillar 4: Favourable economic and institutional framework for effective governance, sustainability, stability and security
- Pillar 5: Capacity building
The Accelerator is building capacities to monitor and track progress
The Accelerator will provide a comprehensive mapping of the available funding and monitor and evaluate the impact of projects. It will ensure a tracking of progress towards achieving the 2030 ambition of the GGW. The UNCCD will support the Pan African Agency of the Great Green Wall to monitor, track progress and ensure a more coordinated support to the existing GGW member states, structures and institutions.
The Accelerator will support the Great Green Wall countries to adopt a more comprehensive approach to rural development, including improving the production systems that underpin livelihoods of smallholder farmers and pastoralist communities to increase food security, create jobs, boost local economy, through sustainable land management and help the GGW countries overcome systemic challenges of land degradation as well as the adverse effects of climate change, in an integrated and holistic manner for long-term sustainability of the entire Sahel region.
Key functions of the GGW Accelerator
The Great Green Wall Accelerator will play a crucial role in the Sahel by scaling up efforts to build the resilience of rural communities, smallholder farmers and agri businesses to environmental degradation and climate change impacts in the GGW areas of intervention
The Accelerator will ensure that the financial commitments pledged at the One Planet Summit tackles and provides the solutions to the challenges slowing down progress for the Great Green Wall Initiative by mobilizing resources and capacities to:
2021: Design an GGW Online Platform for monitoring, tracking and connecting financing flows with project needs and implementation results
2021 – 2022: Support GGW countries in establishing enhanced monitoring and reporting systems
2021 – 2023: Track implementation progress in beneficiary countries against the GGW results targets
2023 – 2024: Transfer of Accelerator unit to the Pan African Agency
2025: Review and evaluate the impact of Accelerator investments and progress made towards the 2030 GGW ambition
Partners in the Accelerator:
- World Bank
- Agence Française de Développement
- Global Environment Facility
- Green Climate Fund
- African Development Bank
- European Investment Bank
- Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
- International Fund for Agricultural Development
- European Commission
- African Union
How our partners are supporting the Great Green Wall Accelerator