Reporting Process and the PRAIS

The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) provides the foundation for its 197 Parties to work together to combat desertification, land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought; maintain and restore land and soil productivity, and improve the living conditions for people in drylands. To achieve this, the Conference of Parties (COP) needs reliable and up-to-date information on measures taken, results achieved and information on challenges faced by Parties. This information is of critical importance for the COP to be able to adopt targeted policy decisions and guidance that is focused on supporting an effective achievement of the Convention’s strategic objectives.

Parties are required under the Convention to communicate, through the UNCCD secretariat, reports on measures undertaken to implement the Convention.  This is in accordance with article 26 and the decisions of its Conference of the Parties (COP), particularly decision 11/COP.1. The process of national reporting is an indispensable tool to bring forward effective planning and implementation of the Convention and the achievement of the strategic objectives at global and national level. The information communicated by Parties through reporting is valuable also for other stakeholders that work on the implementation of the UNCCD at national and local levels.

National reporting of the Convention has drastically evolved over the past two decades. From 2018 on, the national reporting process monitors progress made in the implementation of the UNCCD 2018-2030 Strategic Framework for implementing the Convention adopted at the thirteenth session of the COP (decision 7/COP.13). In line with this new strategic framework, national reporting now involves two main types of information: data on the progress towards the five strategic objectives related to the condition of ecosystems and populations, drought, global environmental benefits and the mobilization of financial and non-financial resources to support the implementation of the Convention, and narratives stories of cases on actual implementation efforts related to financial and non-financial resources, policy and planning, and actions on the ground. 

The 2017-2018 reporting process which officially concluded on 31 August 2018 was the first reporting process under the UNCCD 2018-2030 Strategic Framework. Going forward and following decision 15/COP.13, the reporting cycle will be every four years instead of every two years.

The reporting process and tools and the role and responsibilities of the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention (CRIC) in reviewing the reports are spelled out in decisions 13/COP.13 and 15/COP.13.