This block type should be used in "unccd one column" section with "Full width" option enabled

UNCCD Terminology

Keywords

Land unit

Glossary source
PRAIS

The finest-resolution spatial unit. In most cases this will typically be the extent of land occupied by an image pixel.

Land use

Glossary source
PRAIS

The arrangements, activities and inputs that people undertake in a certain land cover type to maintain it or produce change. NOTE This definition of land use establishes a direct link between land cover and the actions of people in their environment. Multiple land uses can coexist at the same location (e.g. forestry and recreation). This is contrary to the term land cover classes, which are mutually exclusive

Land-based natural capital

Glossary source
PRAIS

The natural capital of land resources. This includes the properties of the soil (chemical, physical and biological factors), geomorphological, biotic and hydrological features, that interact with each other and with climate to determine the quantity and nature of ecosystem services provided by the land.

LDN target (country level)

Glossary source
PRAIS

The specific objective(s) to achieve LDN at national level, adopted voluntarily by a country. The ambition of a country with respect to achieving LDN is no net loss of healthy and productive land for each land type, compared with the baseline, and thus the LDN target equals the baseline. Countries may elect to set a more ambitious LDN target if they envision the possibility that gains will exceed losses. In rare circumstances a country may set its LDN target acknowledging and justifying that losses may exceed gains if they forecast that some portion of future land degradation associated with past decisions/realities is not currently possible to counterbalance.

 

LDN target (global)

The objective to achieve a land degradation-neutral world (United Nations General Assembly, 2015).

LDN vision

The aspirational goal of LDN, which is to maintain land-based natural capital, globally, and for countries adopting LDN, to achieve it at national level.

Livelihood

Glossary source
PRAIS

A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stress and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.

Like for like

Glossary source
PRAIS

Refers to the principle of counterbalancing losses in one land type with equivalent (or greater) gains in the same land type elsewhere in order to maintain (or exceed) LDN.

Local Area Development Programme (LADP)

LADPs assign a central role to local communities, decentralisation and micro-initiatives as a key to elaborate and implement sustainable development activities. Such activities need to be fully integrated in National Action Programmes, combine environmental and socio-economic concerns, and aim at improving living standards of people in desertification affected areas.

Loss (anticipated)

A decline in land-based natural capital expected to decrease the value of one or more of the indicators of LDN projected during land use planning for a specific area of land (e.g., land unit) and a specified timeframe, where new land degradation is deemed likely. See also gain.

Loss (monitored)

Glossary source
PRAIS

In the context of LDN, a decline in land-based natural capital for a specific area of land (e.g., land unit) over a specified timeframe, measured as significant decline in SOC or NPP, or a negative land cover change (as defined by country, within agreed guidelines. See also ‘Gain’

Mainstreaming

Glossary source
PRAIS

For the purpose of UNCCD reporting, the term is referred to the integration, inclusion and consideration of the objective of the UNCCD in project and activities across all sectors, domestically and internationally. In relation to the use of Rio Marker for desertification, by identifying activities targeting desertification as a “principal” or “significant” objective, the marker provides an indication of the degree of mainstreaming of environmental considerations into development co-operation portfolios.

Mainstreaming gender

Glossary source
PRAIS

This is a globally accepted strategy for promoting gender equality. Mainstreaming is not an end in itself but a strategy, an approach, a means to achieve the goal of gender equality. Mainstreaming involves ensuring that gender perspectives and attention to the goal of gender equality are central to all activities - policy development, research, advocacy/ dialogue, legislation, resource allocation, and planning, implementation and monitoring of programmes and projects

Market-based mechanisms

Glossary source
PRAIS

Market-based mechanisms seek to address the market failure of 'environmental externalities' either by incorporating the external cost of production or consumption activities through taxes or charges on processes or products, or by creating property rights and facilitating the establishment of a proxy market for the use of environmental services. (Source: http://stats.oecd.org/glossary)

Maximum NDVI

Glossary source
PRAIS

Maximum NDVI in an annual time series. In phenological terms, it is maximum level of photosynthetic activity in the canopy.
(Source: http://www.britannica.com/)

Meetings and sessions

Each session of the COP is divided into a number of meetings. Each meeting is scheduled from 10:00 a.m. to 01:00 p.m. and from 3:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m. Sessions normally last 10 working days.

Metadata

Glossary source
PRAIS

Information describing the content or utility of a data set. For example, the dates on which data were procured are metadata.

Metrics

Glossary source
PRAIS

Metrics are measures that are used to quantify or assess the state or level of the indicators

Minimal soil disturbance

Glossary source
PRAIS

Refers to no-tillage or low soil disturbance only in small strips and/ or shallow depth and direct seeding.

Monitoring period

Glossary source
PRAIS

The monitoring period is the time period over which an indicator is measured and quantified using the same methods employed for the baseline or previous monitoring period.
(Source: Sims et al. Good Practice Guidance SDG Indicator 15.3.1: Proportion of Land that is degraded over total land area. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), Bonn, Germany. http://www2.unccd.int/sites/default/files/relevant-links/2017-10/Good%2…).