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UNCCD Terminology

Keywords

Insurance

Glossary source
PRAIS

The activity of insurance is intended to provide individual institutional units exposed to certain risks with financial protection against the consequences of the occurrence of specified events; it is also a form of financial intermediation in which funds are collected from policyholders and invested in financial or other assets which are held as technical reserves to meet future claims arising from the occurrence of the events specified in the insurance policies.

Integrated crop-livestock management

Glossary source
PRAIS

Optimizes the uses of crop and livestock resources through interaction and creation of synergies.

Integrated land use planning

Glossary source
PRAIS

Land use planning that seeks to balance the economic, social and cultural opportunities provided by land with the need to maintain and enhance ecosystem services provided by the land-based natural capital. It also aims to blend or coordinate management strategies and implementation requirements across multiple sectors and jurisdictions.

Integrated pest and disease management

Glossary source
PRAIS

A process to solve pest and disease problems while minimizing risks to people and the environment. Any practice that attempts to capitalize on natural processes that reduce pest abundance.

Integrated soil fertility management

Glossary source
PRAIS

Aims at managing soil by combining different methods of soil-fertility amendment together with soil and water conservation. ISFM is based on three principles: maximizing the use of organic sources of fertilizer (e.g. manure and compost application, nitrogen-fixing green manure and cover crops); minimizing the loss of nutrients; and judiciously using inorganic fertilizer according to needs and economic availability.

Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD)

Established in 1986, IGAD is a sub-regional intergovernmental organisation that amongst other attributions, assists East African countries to implement the Convention. IGAD’s members include Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda and Eritrea.

Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Desertification (INCD)

The INCD was established (General Assembly Resolution 47/188) in early 1993 as a subsidiary body of the United Nations General Assembly with a mandate to negotiate the Convention. It held 10 sessions and prepared for the organization of the first session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNCCD (COP-1). It completed its work in August 1997.

Investment (s)

Glossary source
PRAIS

In finance, investment is putting money into an activity with the expectation of gaining revenue, which upon thorough analysis, has a high degree of security of principle, as well as security of return, within an expected period of time. For the purpose of UNCCD reporting, investment refers to the use of non-grant instruments allocating financial resources, public or private, for projects, programmes and other relevant activities related to UNCCD implementation.

Irrigation management

Glossary source
PRAIS

Aims to achieve higher water use efficiency through more efficient water collection and abstraction, water storage, distribution, and water application.

JUSCANZ

Certain non-EU industrialized countries meet as a group to discuss various issues. The group was originally composed of Japan, the USA, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. Iceland, Mexico and the Republic of Korea may also attend meetings.

Knowledge- sharing system

Glossary source
PRAIS

A web-based or other system explicitly designed for the management and sharing of knowledge (such as data, information, tools, skills, expertise, best practices and success stories) among members within an organization or a network (for example, the PRAIS platform).

Land cover

Glossary source
PRAIS

Observed (bio) physical cover on the Earth’s surface

Land cover class

Glossary source
PRAIS

Class of land cover within a broader set of classes defined within a land cover classification system. It is specified by the properties of the elements that constitute a particular class. See also ‘Classifier, class’, ‘Classification system’, ‘Land Cover’

Land degradation

Glossary source
PRAIS

For the purpose of SDG Indicator 15.3.1 reporting, land degradation is defined as the reduction or loss of the biological or economic productivity and complexity of rainfed cropland, irrigated cropland, or range, pasture, forest and woodlands resulting from a combination of pressures, including land use and management practices.

Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN)

Glossary source
PRAIS

A state whereby the amount and quality of land resources necessary to support ecosystem function and services and enhance food security remain stable or increase within specified temporal and spatial scales and ecosystems

 

Land management

Glossary source
PRAIS

The practices applied in managing land resources

Land potential

Glossary source
PRAIS

The inherent, long-term potential of the land to sustainably generate ecosystem services (UNEP, 2016), which reflects the capacity and resilience of the land-based natural capital, in the face of ongoing environmental change.

Land productivity

Glossary source
PRAIS

Land productivity is the biological productive capacity of the land, the source of all the food, fibre and fuel that sustains humans. This is most effectively measured in the Land Productivity subindicator using satellite EO datasets representing NPP (see Net Primary Productivity). Changes in land productivity point to long-term changes in the health and productive capacity of the land and reflect the net effects of changes in ecosystem functioning on plant and biomass growth. This assessment includes only above-ground productivity and can be applied to all natural and anthropogenic terrestrial environments. ISO 19115-1:20146 will guide the development of a new international standard.

Land Productivity Dynamics (LPD)

Glossary source
PRAIS

The term “land productivity dynamics” (LPD) reflects the fact that the primary productivity of a stable land system is not a steady state, but often highly variable between different years and vegetation growth cycles due to natural variation and/or human intervention

Land type

Class of land with respect to land potential, which is distinguished by the combination of edaphic, geomorphological, topographic, hydrological, biological and climatic features that support the actual or historic vegetation structure and species composition on that land. Used in counterbalancing “like for like”.