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UNCCD Terminology

Keywords

Infrastructural vulnerability factors

Glossary source
PRAIS
The observable/measured variables available at global and/or country- and sub-national level datasets, which are being recommended for use in constructing the infrastructural component of the Drought Vulnerability Index. These factors have been used in scientific literature and recommended by experts to define infrastructural vulnerability to drought.

Land Cover Meta Language

Glossary source
PRAIS
Logical general model used to describe land cover features (see feature) from which more specific rules can be described to create a particular classification system (see classification system).

Land cover transition

Glossary source
PRAIS
Change in the type of land cover, described by a change in the classification of land cover elements. A transition that reduces the biological or economic productivity and complexity of the land is considered degradation.

Land Cover/Ecosystem Functional Unit (LCEU)

Glossary source
PRAIS
An area with relatively homogenous environmental characteristics that control plant productivity potential such as land cover, soil type, climate conditions, elevation etc. This definition is consistent with the LCEU described in the UN Statistical Commission’s System of Environmental and Economic Accounting (SEEA) Ecosystem accounting units, but here explicitly includes land cover and climate conditions as potential inclusions.

Land tenure

Glossary source
PRAIS
Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land and associated natural resources (water, trees, minerals, wildlife, etc.). Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behavior. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Legend

Glossary source
PRAIS
Application of a classification in a specific area using a defined mapping scale and specific data set. See also ‘Classification’

Leveraging

Glossary source
PRAIS
In the context of the SO5 indicators framework, leveraging is intended as the mechanism of mobilization of resources through a range of financial instruments from the private sector, usually in blended finance schemes.

Life expectancy at birth

Glossary source
PRAIS
One of the factors recommended to estimate the social component of the Drought Vulnerability Index (DVI). Life expectancy at birth refers to the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. This is an indication of the health status of a country, where a healthier population would be inherently more resilient to drought impacts. See also ‘Drought Vulnerability Index (DVI)’

Literacy rate (per cent of people aged 15 years and above)

Glossary source
PRAIS
One of the factors recommended to estimate the economic component of the Drought Vulnerability Index (DVI). The percentage of people aged 15 years and above that can both read and write, with understanding, a short simple statement about their everyday life. The literacy rate is described as an outcome indicator to evaluate educational attainment, although does not necessarily measure the quality of education. It can predict the quality of the labour force and can be used as a proxy instrument to measure the effectiveness of education systems. The accumulated achievement of education is fundamental for further intellectual growth and social and economic development. A high rate of female literacy implies that women can seek and use information for the betterment of the health, nutrition and education of their household members and are empowered to play a meaningful role.11 A populace with a high literacy rate would be better equipped to both cope with drought and implement drought mitigation and adaptation strategies. See also ‘Drought Vulnerability Index (DVI)’

Loan

Glossary source
PRAIS
Transfers for which repayment is required. For further information on the grant element of loans, see “Concessionality”

Mineral soil

Glossary source
PRAIS
Every soil that does not meet the definition of organic soil. See also “Organic soil”

Multilateral contribution, Multi-bilateral contribution

Glossary source
PRAIS
The definition of a multilateral contribution is based on two criteria: the multilateral character of the recipient institution and the multilateral character of the contribution. Provider’s contributions that satisfy both criteria and the following conditions should be recorded under the heading "multilateral": a) the recipient institution conducts all or part of its activities in favour of development and developing countries; and b) the recipient institution: i) is an international agency, institution or organisation whose members are governments, who are represented at the highest decision-taking level by persons acting in an official capacity and not as individuals; or ii) is a fund managed autonomously by a multilateral agency as defined in i); and c) funds are pooled so that they lose their identity and become an integral part of the recipient institution’s financial assets. Conditions a) and b) define the multilateral character of the agency. Condition c) is a test of the multilateral character of the contribution. If it is not immediately clear whether funds provided to a multilateral organisation can be considered as pooled, determination is made on the basis of the degree of control over the disposal of the funds contributed. If, on scrutiny, it is found that the donor country has maintained control over its contributions to such an extent that the decisions regarding disposal of the funds are on balance taken at the donor’s discretion, the flows concerned should be recorded as bilateral (these contributions are often referred to as “multi-bilateral” or “earmarked” contributions).

Non-financial resources

Glossary source
PRAIS
In the context of SO 5 reporting, non-financial resources are intended as resources allocated to activities related to DLDD,to domestic or international recipients, which do not imply a financial transaction. For example, sharing patents and licenses as part of a technology transfer project; in-kind contributions though personnel and equipment; capacity building activities (which may have a financial component for providers but not for recipients); the transfer of tangible or intangible non-financial assets for actions to implement the Convention.

OECD DAC CRS

Glossary source
PRAIS
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Creditor Reporting System (CRS). The OECD DAC’s collection of data on resource flows from donors to developing countries. To access the database: https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=crs1

Organic soils

Glossary source
PRAIS
Organic soils are identified on the basis of criteria 1 and 2, or 1 and 3 listed below: 1. Thickness of organic horizon ≥10 cm. A horizon of <20 cm must have ≥12% organic carbon when mixed to a depth of 20 cm. 2. Soils that are never saturated with water for more than a few days must contain more than 20% organic carbon by weight (i.e., about 35% organic matter). 3. Soils are subject to water saturation episodes and has either: a. At least 12% organic carbon by weight (i.e., about 20% organic matter) if the soil has no clay; or b. At least 18% organic carbon by weight (i.e., about 30% organic matter) if the soil has 60% or more clay; or c. An intermediate, proportional amount of organic carbon for intermediate amounts of clay. All other types of soils are classified as mineral soils.

Other Official Flows (OOF)

Glossary source
PRAIS
Transactions by the official sector with developing countries which do not meet the conditions for eligibility as Official Development Assistance, either because they are not primarily aimed at development, or because they have a grant element of less than 25 per cent.

Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES)

Glossary source
PRAIS
Payment for ecosystem services (PES) is a type of market-based instrument that is increasingly used to finance nature conservation. Payment of ecosystem services programmes allow for the translation of the ecosystem services that ecosystems provide for free into financial incentives for their conservation, targeted at the local actors who own or manage the natural resources. These programmes have been increasingly established across the globe in the last few years.

Population

Glossary source
PRAIS
It refers to the total population inhabiting the given land unit.

Population aged 15-64 years (per cent of total population)

Glossary source
PRAIS
One of the factors recommended to estimate the social component of the Drought Vulnerability Index (DVI). The total population between the ages 15 to 64 as a percentage of the total population. It is an indication of the impacts different age groups have on the environment and on infrastructure, helping in the analysis of resource use and formulation of future policy and planning goals with regard to infrastructure and development. See also ‘Drought Vulnerability Index (DVI)’

Population below the international poverty line (per cent)

Glossary source
PRAIS
One of the metrics used to measure indicator SO 2-1 as well as one of the factors recommended to estimate the economic component of the Drought Vulnerability Index (DVI). The percentage of the population living on less than $1.90 a day at 2011 purchasing power. See also ‘Drought Vulnerability Index (DVI)’